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Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier

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Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink] New post 05 May 2013, 03:22
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Isn’t this odd? Apart from that A, C and E are out because of a devilish comparison, and B is out due to a blatant redundancy error, we have still not reached the right choice. The only remaining choice D has errors that I would reckon are more serious than the redundancy of B. How?

D says ‘which were capable of’, using the past tense. This is a factual error. The shuttle and earlier spacecraft were not only capable in the past, but also today and may be ever. We must use a present tense to focus on this generalization of this aspect, rather than a past tense. Please note that the main clause itself is in the future perfect tense; so, use of past tense is not justified.

Secondly, it would be better to say actively that the shuttles and spacecrafts could carry sufficient power rather passively as ‘capable of carrying’.
Which error should we pardon: redundancy or wrong tense?
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Last edited by daagh on 23 Jun 2014, 17:17, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink] New post 05 May 2013, 03:28
In response to your question:

D says ‘which were capable of’, using the past tense. This is a factual error. The shuttle and spacecrafts were not only capable in the past, but also today and may be ever. We must use a present tense to focus on this generalization of this aspect, rather than a past tense. Please note that the main clause itself is in the future perfect tense; so, use of past tense is not justified.

I'd argue that using the past tense is correct here. The emphasis is on "earlier spacecraft," so not "spacecraft," so it's proper to refer to earlier spacecraft's capabilities in the past.
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink] New post 05 May 2013, 03:44
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Acceptable of course, if only the shuttles are not there any more; this doubt arises because, a permanently placed space body is being compared with an on and off counterpart. This is questionable. Somehow, I feel the comparison is vulnerable. But if it is acceptable to GMAT, then why bother? We will happily take D as the choice; learning in the process, a few basic grammar lessons.
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink] New post 17 Jun 2014, 20:39
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink] New post 23 Jun 2014, 11:24
daagh wrote:
Isn’t this odd? Apart from that A, C and E are out because of a devilish comparison, and B is out due to a blatant redundancy error, we have still not reached the right choice. The only remaining choice D has errors that I would reckon are more serious that the redundancy of B. How?

D says ‘which were capable of’, using the past tense. This is a factual error. The shuttle and earlier spacecraft were not only capable in the past, but also today and may be ever. We must use a present tense to focus on this generalization of this aspect, rather than a past tense. Please note that the main clause itself is in the future perfect tense; so, use of past tense is not justified.

Secondly, it would be better to say actively that the shuttles and spacecrafts could carry sufficient power rather passively as ‘capable of carrying’.
Which error should we pardon: redundancy or wrong tense?



Experts,

Can anyone clarify the quoted doubt?
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2014, 13:47
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daagh wrote:
Isn’t this odd? Apart from that A, C and E are out because of a devilish comparison, and B is out due to a blatant redundancy error, we have still not reached the right choice. The only remaining choice D has errors that I would reckon are more serious that the redundancy of B. How?

D says ‘which were capable of’, using the past tense. This is a factual error. The shuttle and earlier spacecraft were not only capable in the past, but also today and may be ever. We must use a present tense to focus on this generalization of this aspect, rather than a past tense. Please note that the main clause itself is in the future perfect tense; so, use of past tense is not justified.

Secondly, it would be better to say actively that the shuttles and spacecrafts could carry sufficient power rather passively as ‘capable of carrying’.
Which error should we pardon: redundancy or wrong tense?



Experts,

Can anyone clarify the quoted doubt?


Sure...first of all be careful with how you evaluate tense. There are many times when you have to maintain a certain tense by force (due to parallelism and perfect tenses), but tense shifts in themselves are not incorrect. They are only incorrect if they lead to improper/illogical meaning. There is nothing illogical in this sentence that creates a comparison between the historical capabilities of shuttles/space craft and the future needs of the space station.

As for the active vs. passive construction, the GMAT shows no preference for active construction. Passive construction is grammatically correct and should not be used for eliminations.

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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2014, 12:49
can someone explain with & ,with as a modifier?
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2014, 09:38
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amenon55 wrote:
can someone explain with & ,with as a modifier?


Hmmm...not sure I understand your request. Can you post again with a little more detail around what you need clarification about?

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Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2014, 06:54
Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which carried sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries, a permanently orbiting space station will have to generate its own electricity.

The problem here is comparison. short flight is compared with a permanently orbiting space station. A,C and E choices are out due to this reason
Now we are left with choices B and D.

choice B - Use of With is unwarranted. Which clause should be used here and Sufficient & enough are redundant

Choice D is correct answer


A. the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which carried sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries
B. the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, with sufficient enough power in fuel cells and batteries for their short flights
C. the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which enabled them to carry sufficient enough power in fuel cells and batteries
D. the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which were capable of carrying sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries for their short flights
E. the flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, whose shortness allowed them to carry sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink] New post 18 Nov 2014, 16:26
WaterFlowsUp : Please add OA - D
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink] New post 03 Jun 2015, 07:09
[ Excuse my obvious question. I want to make sure I understand which statements.

In the correct answer choice sentence, "Unlike the flights of the shuttle and earlier aircraft, which were capable of carrying..."

"Which" refers to "flights of the shuttle and earlier aircraft," or "shuttle and earlier aircraft," or "earlier aircraft?"

Basically, if a question asks, "Unlike x and y, which blah blah blah," can I understand that which refers to "x and y" rather than just "y? ]


Hi Experts I am re-posting the doubt asked by Banaorange. What is 'Which' referring to here? As it is a pronoun, it should refer to only one antecedent and that also with no ambiguity. Here it is not clear. How can 'Which' refer to both shuttle and earlier aircraft??

Please help. As a non native, I am very confused about such rules. Whether they are hard rules or are flexible?
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink] New post 04 Jun 2015, 18:05
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nishant.1987 wrote:
[ Excuse my obvious question. I want to make sure I understand which statements.

In the correct answer choice sentence, "Unlike the flights of the shuttle and earlier aircraft, which were capable of carrying..."

"Which" refers to "flights of the shuttle and earlier aircraft," or "shuttle and earlier aircraft," or "earlier aircraft?"

Basically, if a question asks, "Unlike x and y, which blah blah blah," can I understand that which refers to "x and y" rather than just "y? ]


Hi Experts I am re-posting the doubt asked by Banaorange. What is 'Which' referring to here? As it is a pronoun, it should refer to only one antecedent and that also with no ambiguity. Here it is not clear. How can 'Which' refer to both shuttle and earlier aircraft??

Please help. As a non native, I am very confused about such rules. Whether they are hard rules or are flexible?


With "shuttle and earlier aircraft" you are dealing with a compound noun. This compound noun is viewed as a single, plural grouping. It would take a plural verb and can be referred to as a grouping with "which".

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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink] New post 05 Jun 2015, 02:02
Hi Kyle,

Thanks for the reply.

I checked more on compound noun and how it is made by combining at least one noun and another noun or adjectives.

So does it holds true for any pronoun such as that, whom, when, who etc. They can refer to a compound noun in a sentence just like which does?
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink] New post 08 Jun 2015, 04:37
D is my choice

B - sufficient and enough can't be together
A, C, E - out, due to comparisons
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink] New post 08 Jun 2015, 08:02
hoogie wrote:
Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which carried sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries, a permanently orbiting space station will have to generate its own electricity.


Correct idiomatic usage of Unlike is -

Unlike X , Y ( Where X and Y are both Nouns.)

A. the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which carried sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries - Incorrect
B. the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, with sufficient enough power in fuel cells and batteries for their short flights - Incorrect
C. the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which enabled them to carry sufficient enough power in fuel cells and batteries - Incorrect
D. the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which were capable of carrying sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries for their short flights - Correct

Unlike the shuttle and earlier spacecraft,which were capable of carrying sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries for their short flights, a permanently orbiting space station will have to generate its own electricity.

E. the flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, whose shortness allowed them to carry sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries - Incorrect

Hence IMHO (D)
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink] New post 23 Jun 2015, 04:44
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nishant.1987 wrote:
Hi Kyle,

Thanks for the reply.

I checked more on compound noun and how it is made by combining at least one noun and another noun or adjectives.

So does it holds true for any pronoun such as that, whom, when, who etc. They can refer to a compound noun in a sentence just like which does?


These relative pronouns can refer back to either a singular or plural antecedent and the antecedent could be a compound noun (plural). You need to be aware of number agreement with the personal/impersonal pronouns that show do indicate number: he, she, it, its, they, them, their.

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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier   [#permalink] 23 Jun 2015, 04:44

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