Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 17 Sep 2014, 11:42

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Unmasking Independent Clauses and Dependent Clauses

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
Expert Post
4 KUDOS received
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 10 Oct 2012
Posts: 627
Followers: 41

Kudos [?]: 578 [4] , given: 135

Premium Member
Unmasking Independent Clauses and Dependent Clauses [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2013, 07:45
4
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED

Prerequisites for an Independent/Main Clause:



1. One Subject-Verb Core
2. A complete thought

A simple sentence is an Independent Clause.

Ex: Mary prepares a study schedule every Sunday evening .

However, a “subject-verb core” can contain more than one subject and/or more than one verb. There is still one subject-verb core if all the subjects in the clause relate to all the verbs.

Ex: Mary and Poppins prepare a study schedule every Sunday evening and eat fundue.

So even though there are two subjects and two verbs, there is only one subject-verb core.

Prerequisites for a Compound Sentence :



1. Two or more simple sentences (main clauses) form a longer sentence by using an appropriate joining word or phrase. The new sentence is called a compound sentence.

The list below contains examples of joining words and phrases that can be used to form compound sentences, grouped under different cateogories/ideas

Addition:
and, as well, furthermore, in addition

Cause and effect:
for, so, as a result, consequently, therefore

Contrast:
but, yet, however, instead, nevertheless, on the other hand

Time:
afterwards, eventually, later, meanwhile, next, then

Examples:
for example, for instance, to illustrate

Alternatives:
or

There are two main ways to punctuate compound sentences, depending on which word or phrase you use to join the main clauses.

I. IC,{Co-ordinating conjunction} ic

IC, For ic
IC, And ic
IC, Nor ic
IC, But ic
IC, Or ic
IC, Yet ic
IC, So ic

This list is exhaustive.

II.IC;{Connecting adverbs/Conjunctive adverb},ic

IC;furthermore, ic
IC;in addition, ic
IC;instead, ic
IC;nevertheless, ic

The above list is not exhaustive.

There is no need to memorize all the words which can act as a connecting adverbs. Just get an idea of the different categories/ideas and make a proper mapping between the given words and the respective ideas.

Thus, "For instance" would fall under the category/idea of "Examples."

Similarly, "On the other hand" can be mapped to the category of "Contrast."

III.IC;ic

One also join two main clauses with only a semicolon, but one must make sure that the relationship between the clauses it so clear that you do not need a joining word, for example :

Some people are born to greatness; others have greatness thrust upon them.

I would not say he is a friend; I would say he is a long-time acquaintance.

Detour :What is a clause?

A group of words containing a subject and a verb. It can either be an Independent Clause(a sentence) or a dependent/subordinating clause

While a main clause expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence, a dependent clause does not express a complete thought. Note the difference between the following two constructions:

Pam tried to leave work on time. [This construction is a main clause.]

Although Pam tried to leave work on time [This construction is a dependent clause.]

Prerequisites for a Complex Sentence :



1.A Dependent/subordinate clause
2. An Independent Clause

A Complex Sentence has one dependent clause headed by a subordinating conjunction/relative pronoun joined to an independent clause.

I.The Subordinating conjunctions can again be classified as by the ideas they express:

Cause and effect:
because

Contrast:
although,even though

Time:
after, as soon as, before, since, until, when, while

Condition:
if, unless

Because a dependent clause does not express a complete thought, it must be attached to a main clause.When joining ideas to create a complex sentence, put the idea you want to emphasize in the main clause.

Angie tied to leave work on time. She was detained by a last-minute phone call.

Although Angie tried to leave work on time, she was detained by a last-minute phone call. [This sentence emphasizes the idea that Kamille was detained by a phone call.]

Disclaimer: This is a reproduction of resources from various Online sources.This post should only be treated as a gentle push for the mentioned topic.
_________________

All that is equal and not-Deep Dive In-equality

Hit and Trial for Integral Solutions

Kaplan GMAT Prep Discount CodesKnewton GMAT Discount CodesManhattan GMAT Discount Codes
Expert Post
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 10 Oct 2012
Posts: 627
Followers: 41

Kudos [?]: 578 [0], given: 135

Premium Member
Re: In a nutshell:Independent Clause and Dependent Clause [#permalink] New post 24 Sep 2013, 07:45
Expert's post
Reserved for Part-II(Fragments, Relative Pronouns and Relative Clauses)
_________________

All that is equal and not-Deep Dive In-equality

Hit and Trial for Integral Solutions

Re: In a nutshell:Independent Clause and Dependent Clause   [#permalink] 24 Sep 2013, 07:45
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
In this lesson, we review the dependent clause, another thevenus 0 25 Aug 2012, 21:13
1 Experts publish their posts in the topic Identifying Independent/Dependent clause sungoal 1 11 Oct 2011, 09:11
parallel clauses marcodonzelli 5 12 Jan 2008, 09:04
Clauses .. -SC Amit05 0 20 May 2007, 11:50
sub claues / independent clause mbamantra 1 16 Mar 2005, 18:58
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Unmasking Independent Clauses and Dependent Clauses

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.