Until quite recently, American economists have assumed that : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Until quite recently, American economists have assumed that

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Until quite recently, American economists have assumed that [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2006, 19:08
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Until quite recently, American economists have assumed that the unemployment rate being four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers.

(A) the unemployment rate being four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers
(B) should the unemployment rate be four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers
(C) were the unemployment rate four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers
(D) if the unemployment rate is four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers
(E) there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers when there is an unemployment rate that is four per cent
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31 Jul 2006, 19:16
I will take B here for subjunctive rule

and if the OA is B, ps_dahiya's explanation on "nothing wrong with SHOULD" will hold!!!
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Re: SC: American economists [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2006, 19:25
IMO D.. simple present tense will do it.

(B) should the unemployment rate be four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers...verbe tense problem here..
"is" => "would be" then dahiya's nothing wrong with should holds!
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31 Jul 2006, 19:27
I think D might be wrong because "there is" indicates a certain event... whereas economists assumed...
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31 Jul 2006, 19:30
among jobs and job seekers is wrong..
should be between jobs and job seekers!.
CD survives..

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31 Jul 2006, 19:33
I think it is D.
But isn't 'then' necessary after 'if' .
if.....then
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Re: SC: American economists [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2006, 19:44
D. "among" in is B wrong where as "between" in D is correct.

MA wrote:
Until quite recently, American economists have assumed that the unemployment rate being four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers.

(B) should the unemployment rate be four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers

(D) if the unemployment rate is four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers
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31 Jul 2006, 20:22
Will go with D here. Killer SC

Used POE

A - GMAT doesnot like being
B - Among used when comapring several things, between used for two things.
C - awkward
E - last part og the sentence awkward.
when there is an unemployment rate that is four per cent

D - Look closely and you will see an If-Then structure.
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31 Jul 2006, 21:22
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ps_dahiya wrote:
B for subjunctive.

Not thinking of the among/between goof up, I am not sure of B even otherwise.

lets assume it were between, instead of among:

should the unemployment rate be four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers

I think the is should be will/would be instead.
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01 Aug 2006, 05:04
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D 100 percent

Among usage eliminates A,B and E.

D is better than C
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01 Aug 2006, 13:08
'between Jobs and job seekers' is correct.
so DD
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Re: SC: American economists [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2006, 14:19
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I'll take D. It properly uses 'if...' 'there is'.
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02 Aug 2006, 14:42
D

A is out for 'being'
B uses among
C is not parallel
E uses among, too wordy
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Re: SC: American economists [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2006, 01:23
MA wrote:
Until quite recently, American economists have assumed that the unemployment rate being four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers.

(A) the unemployment rate being four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers
(B) should the unemployment rate be four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers
(C) were the unemployment rate four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers
(D) if the unemployment rate is four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers
(E) there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers when there is an unemployment rate that is four per cent

Another vote for D.
We need 'between', not 'among'
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03 Aug 2006, 11:00
I also thought it was D although I like parts of the E sentance better.
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17 Aug 2006, 03:07
Great SC! Straight to the notes.

(D) also maintains the ...is....is.... balance
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04 Jul 2007, 07:59
I also picked D.

I did not know that we could drop the then in an if X then Y sentence. Seems like two unconnected phrases.

if the unemploymeny rate is four percent, (then) there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers.
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04 Jul 2007, 13:05
Between X and Y.
So, left with C and D.
C tries some kinda subjunctive and its just weird.
D left standing though it could be improved.
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Re: SC: American economists [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2007, 21:27
A very tricky question ofcourse.

Until quite recently, American economists have assumed that the unemployment rate being four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers.

(A) the unemployment rate being four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers - Incorrect because between should be used to compare two sets.
(B) should the unemployment rate be four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers - Incorrect because between should be used to compare two sets.
(C) were the unemployment rate four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers - the error of "among" is corrected but the sentence is awkward

Hence answer is D
(D) if the unemployment rate is four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers - seems to be correct. used between to compare two sets.
(E) there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers when there is an unemployment rate that is four per cent - Incorrect because between should be used to compare two sets.
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Re: SC: American economists [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2007, 10:20
MA wrote:
Until quite recently, American economists have assumed that the unemployment rate being four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers.

(A) the unemployment rate being four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers
(B) should the unemployment rate be four per cent, there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers
(C) were the unemployment rate four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers
(D) if the unemployment rate is four per cent, there is a rough balance between jobs and job seekers
(E) there is a rough balance among jobs and job seekers when there is an unemployment rate that is four per cent

idiom is between X & Y
therefore ABE are wrong.

C is wrong because the inversion is wrong.

in the regular "If conditional"
If X, then Y

in past tense subjunctive If conditional
If X were X1, then Y WOULD Y1
or
If X were X1, Y WOULD Y1

in the inverted subjunctive if conditional, "if" is omitted
Were X X1, Y WOULD Y1

therefore, we see C is in the wrong tense. it must read "there would be a rough balance between ..."
Re: SC: American economists   [#permalink] 29 Aug 2007, 10:20

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