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# Until recently it was thought that ink used before the

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Senior Manager
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Until recently it was thought that ink used before the [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2007, 09:23
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Until recently it was thought that ink used before the sixteenth century did not contain titanium. However, a new type of analysis detected titanium in the ink of the famous Bible printed by Johannes Gutenberg and in that of another fifteenth-century Bible known as B-36, though not in the ink of any of numerous other fifteenth-century books analyzed. This finding is of great significance, since it not only strongly supports the hypothesis that B-36 was printed by Gutenberg but also shows that the presence of titanium in the ink of the purportedly fifteenth century Vinland Map can no longer be regarded as a reason for doubting the mapâ€™s authenticity.
The reasoning in the passage is vulnerable to criticism on the ground that
(A) the results of the analysis are interpreted as indicating that the use of titanium as an ingredient in fifteenth-century ink both was, and was not, extremely restricted
(B) if the technology that makes it possible to detect titanium in printing ink has only recently become available, it is unlikely that printers or artists in the fifteenth century would know whether their ink contained titanium or not
(C) it is unreasonable to suppose that determination of the date and location of a documentâ€™s printing or drawing can be made solely on the basis of the presence or absence of a single element in the ink used in the document
(D) both the B-36 Bible and the Vinland Map are objects that can be appreciated on their own merits whether or not the precise date of their creation or the identity of the person who made them is known
(E) the discovery of titanium in the ink of the Vinland Map must have occurred before titanium was discovered in the ink of the Gutenberg Bible and the B-36 Bible
Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2006
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18 Feb 2007, 09:24
Manager
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18 Feb 2007, 11:12
C...
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18 Feb 2007, 11:33
(C)
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"Education is what remains when one has forgotten everything he learned in school."

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18 Feb 2007, 14:10
what about A... Isnt C out of context? We are not sure if there can be other ways to identify dates..

however in A, as also in the paragraph, it is stated that ink was used not only by Gutenberg but also by others.. hence a valid criticism...
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18 Feb 2007, 21:26
mm007 wrote:
what about A... Isnt C out of context? We are not sure if there can be other ways to identify dates..

however in A, as also in the paragraph, it is stated that ink was used not only by Gutenberg but also by others.. hence a valid criticism...

In A, how can we say that the use was restricted? Not enough information. No?

C though looks a little too general, is still the best option available.
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18 Feb 2007, 22:06
C
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19 Feb 2007, 13:02
'C'
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19 Feb 2007, 13:22
prude_sb wrote:
Until recently it was thought that ink used before the sixteenth century did not contain titanium. However, a new type of analysis detected titanium in the ink of the famous Bible printed by Johannes Gutenberg and in that of another fifteenth-century Bible known as B-36, though not in the ink of any of numerous other fifteenth-century books analyzed. This finding is of great significance, since it not only strongly supports the hypothesis that B-36 was printed by Gutenberg but also shows that the presence of titanium in the ink of the purportedly fifteenth century Vinland Map can no longer be regarded as a reason for doubting the mapâ€™s authenticity.
The reasoning in the passage is vulnerable to criticism on the ground that
(A) the results of the analysis are interpreted as indicating that the use of titanium as an ingredient in fifteenth-century ink both was, and was not, extremely restricted
(B) if the technology that makes it possible to detect titanium in printing ink has only recently become available, it is unlikely that printers or artists in the fifteenth century would know whether their ink contained titanium or not
(C) it is unreasonable to suppose that determination of the date and location of a documentâ€™s printing or drawing can be made solely on the basis of the presence or absence of a single element in the ink used in the document
(D) both the B-36 Bible and the Vinland Map are objects that can be appreciated on their own merits whether or not the precise date of their creation or the identity of the person who made them is known
(E) the discovery of titanium in the ink of the Vinland Map must have occurred before titanium was discovered in the ink of the Gutenberg Bible and the B-36 Bible

With C. The red colored text is weakened by the statement in Choice C.
Re: CR:Bible   [#permalink] 19 Feb 2007, 13:22
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