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# update log: tip from gmatt73) Quant strategies Here are a

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update log: tip from gmatt73) Quant strategies Here are a [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2006, 09:30
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Quant strategies

Here are a few strategies that helped me (they were borne out of many tips the members here have given over a period of time). Math whizzes may not find them helpful, for people like us - who go from low 600s to 700s might find them useful. Like how these prep companies give names to specific strategies, I too have given each technique/trap a name so you can identify them. Hopefully some people will find this helpful.

Some generic Quant points

1. It is possible, even with 9-11 mistakes, to get 48-49 in Quant. So don't freak out because you think you got 3 questions wrong. The test is adaptive - i.e. every question does not carry equal weight. It does appear, however, that early questions do determine how your test will progress.

2. I've noticed, through my multiple GMATPrep tests, that even if you get more wrong in the end, you can still maintain a high score.

3. To go from Q(49) to Q(50) or Q(51) is going to be hard - if you have time constraints for studying (like I did), and you aren't a math whiz (which I'm not), then you need to understand what your trade-offs are - i.e. what topics you are willing to relax on and guess in the test. I basically studied enough to solve simple problems in permutations and combinations, and told myself - "if it looks hard and I can't think of a way to solve it in 30seconds, I'm going to use my 'good-looking-number' strategy (which I'll cover here) and just move on.

4. If you spend over 4 minutes on a question, you certainly are excited about digging your own grave, or you're probably an adrenalin junkie who loves to jump off a cliff without a parachute.

5. With practice, you'll realize that the real time saver in Quant is actually DS and not PS.

GMAT Quant

Is not actually very hard in itself, but when you combine the time pressure, the tricks in the question and the wording - it becomes very important that you have practiced many standard questions types, many times over - because when you see a question, you don't want to be thinking "hmmm...which of my 34 cool strategies might work for this?", you want to be going straight into solving it.

7 Trap identifiers

Many GMAT questions have subtle traps in them - but thankfully, you can categorize many of them - they have a pattern. I've tried to identify 6 of them. So look out for these! At the end of the day, if even 1 of these helped you get 2 questions right bumping you from 660 to 680, it's still good, right?

Each strategy/trap identifier is not a stand-alone, a GMATQuestion might require you to employ more than one at a time. They are listed in no particular order of importance.

These tips can help if you are forced to guess, but want to make an intelligent guess, or if you want to shorten your path to solution (or salvation)

1. The Lone Wolf

A lone wolf question almost always has a free standing number(or numbers), and a more complex looking equation as the other option. For e.g.

"On a loan, evil necromonger charges X% interest in the first year, and Y% interest in the second. If he loaned Rhyme 20,000$in 2006, how much Rhyme pay by interest in 2008?" A) X = 10 B) (X + Y + XY/100) = 100 You can almost be certain, that in such questions, your equations to the stem will reduce to a form that looks like (B), so (A) is actually redundant. Be careful of lone wolves because they will bite you in the posterior if you choose (C). If you notice a lone wolf question, and you have no clue on how to solve the problem, choose (B) (or whichever is the complex equation). *as a side note, a wolf, contrary to the popular belief, is a very social mammal and is not at all a loner. 2. The Spy Girl In a typical movie, an unsuspecting man may be enchanted by a hot looking woman, who comes on to him easily. He sleeps with her only to be stabbed in the moring, and all his nuclear secrets stolen. That's what a spy girl question does - it looks real simple, and if you fall for it - you've had it. Consider this if the membership of the drama club and music club are combined, what % of the combined membership will be male? (1) of the 16 members of the drama club 15 are male (2) of the 20 members of the music club, 10 are male On the outset, it's very simple. (C) should tell us, right? wrong! DS is picky. This is an overlapping sets question, so you need to consider if some belong to both clubs - and that would lead to (E). When you get spy girl questions, take a few seconds to re-read the question, looking for holes and any tricky stem ends. Many GMAT sentence tricks are at the end of the question stem. Spy girl questions are often in DS, and typically masquerade as word translations. 3. Twin trouble Some DS questions have 2 choices that both reduce to the same form! When you see 2 similar looking/structurally similar answer choices, quickly scan them to see if they reduce to a common form. For e.g. "Question: blah blah blah..." A) 2x+3y = 10 B) 3.2x+4.8y = 16 Cool! 2 simultaneous equations with 2 unknowns - so should be (C), right? wrong. If you multiply (A) by 1.6, you get (B). They're useless. In general, twin trouble questions end up with (E) as the answer (E is the best choice if you do not know how to solve the problem. If you do know, then if either A or B works - then D would be the answer) 4. C of pain GMAT questions love to put two choices that seem to give a nice answer when combined. If you get (C) as the answer, unless you're absolutely sure of your approach, look closely at A or B again. Consider your equations to see if they can be solved with only A or B before confirming C. There are certainly more A, B, D choices in GMAT than C. If you are absolutely stumped by the question and you want to guess, this approach might help. -if the 2 choices look very similar in structure, apply the 'twin trouble' tip - if it is a twin trouble, then E is the most likely answer. D comes next. -if the choices look very different, go with the one that has a more complex looking wording or equation - and preferably does not allude to an addition. -if you have absolutely no idea at all, and you must guess - choose D or E. 5. The Rambler Ramblers are long worded, paragraph level questions. Ramblers have lot of BS in them - so scan the question, then come back to writing equations. Ramblers are not always hard - sometimes they're pretty simple distance/time questions (or work rate). Don't be intimidated by a rambler. For e.g. "Jim ...blah blah..., he then stopped for 30 minutes to have lunch before proceeding..." simply means add 30mins to your time equation. 6. The Twister Twisters are among the worst when it comes to tripping test takers (including me). They start innocuously, but what they ask for is subtly different from what your mind thinks you're being asked. Twisters occur usually at the end of a question in word translations, or at the beginning in number properties. For e.g. In 2006, Company X revenue grew 18% from 200,000$, company Y revenue grew 30% from 90,000\$ - at the end of 2006, how much more would X earn than Y if X grew 20%"
If the question was a rambler, your mind would dim by the time you get to the end, and you'd furiously compute the new revenues, subtract the two and look at the answer. But wait, the X 18% is actually useless because the question twists in the end asking something else. Actual questions can be even more subtle than this - something like, instead of asking, "by how much did A exceed B", it might say "by how much did A exceed twice B"? Get the point? Read your question ends carefully.

In number properties, it's always good to map your mind to
-2, -1, -1/2, 0, 1/2, 1, 2 so you don't forget what you need to apply. Twisters occur at the beginning,

If it says number, instinctually many of us look at 1,2,3,4.. but "number" should immediately trigger -1, and -1/2,+1/2 in your sample sets. Always look carefully at the beginning (I know it sounds common sense, but common sense isn't always common...) and memorize the properties

number => -ve, + and - fractions, +ve, 0
+ve number => > 0, +ve fractions, and integers
integer => ...,-ve integer, 0, +ve integer
+ve integer => 1,2,...
-ve integer => -...,-2,-1,

It's common mistake to ignore zero in calculations, so be careful. For e.g.
if X not -ve and y is an integer less than -1/10, is xy to the left of 0 in the number line?

Well, if you consider 0 for X, then xy is on the 0 in number line...

7. The lucky twin (thanks to, and suggested by GMATT73)
The purpose of this problem is to exploit a weakness used by PVue: complimentary answer choices. Almost always in complimentary probability questions, there are a pair of "LUCKY TWINS" among the answer choices. If in doubt and pressed for time, choose a TWIN by logical deduction.

Lets take a crack at this Project GMAT bad boy without making lengthy calculations.

Set S consists of numbers 2, 3, 6, 48, and 164. Number K is computed by multiplying one random number from set S by one of the first 10 non-negative integers, also selected at random. If Z=6^K, what is the probability that 678,463 is not a multiple of Z?

a. 10%
b. 25%
c. 50%
d. 90%
e. 100%

*LUCKY TWINS

[added note by necromonger] - also watch out for complementary fractions and be careful. You might see numbers like
a) 1/2
b) 3/8
c)5/8
d)7/9
e)14/37

notice that 1-3/8 = 5/8 - these choices can trip you up if you haven't paid attention to the question carefully.

The good-looking-number (GLN) strategy
*Use this only when you are stumped in a PS question and you have no idea how to solve it, but you need to guess.

GLN's are simply numbers that are formed by some mathematical combination of numbers in the question. For e.g. if a rambler has number like '12.....3....9' and the choices are

a)42
b)57
c)4
d)14
e)26

what would you choose if you're in a real hurry? 4 = (12*3/9), the others-you can't get them by any straight manipulation. So 4 is a GLN.

GLN tips vary, their success rate is questionable. But in the absense of any clue, what have you got to lose?

closing points:
Don't be scare of quant. It is conquerable with some practice and employing some time-saving techniques. I'll be glad to answer any questions. Finally, choose the strategy that works for you - do not follow anything blindly because it worked for someone else!

finally, the obligatory:
*no animals were harmed in the making of these tips, and these strategies do not discriminate based on race, language, sex, creed, caste, tv viewing habits or choice of shirt colors.

Last edited by necromonger on 01 Sep 2006, 06:31, edited 2 times in total.
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28 Aug 2006, 12:34
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Cool and useful stuff..

Thanks necromonger.
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01 Sep 2006, 00:45
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You can add in "Lucky Twins" to your repertoire

The purpose of this problem is to exploit a weakness used by PVue: complimentary answer choices. Almost always in complimentary probability questions, there are a pair of "LUCKY TWINS" among the answer choices. If in doubt and pressed for time, choose a TWIN by logical deduction.

Lets take a crack at this Project GMAT bad boy without making lengthy calculations.

Set S consists of numbers 2, 3, 6, 48, and 164. Number K is computed by multiplying one random number from set S by one of the first 10 non-negative integers, also selected at random. If Z=6^K, what is the probability that 678,463 is not a multiple of Z?

a. 10%
b. 25%
c. 50%
d. 90%
e. 100%

*LUCKY TWINS
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Re: Trouble with Quant? Some tips/traps that might help you... [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2011, 00:09
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First, let me congratulate necromonger for the enormous amount of detail shared. I think the original post is simply outstanding.

I'd also want to add two specific traps that I've frequently encountered:

1. In questions where Diameter and radius are involved, watch out carefully for what exactly the answer and the question deal in and ensure that the translation of the values between radius and diameter are done at every stage of the solution.

2. One often assumes integer values even if the question is not explicit about the nature of the numbers involved. I did this and have got some practise questions wrong

3. Venn-diagram questions and Algebra questions often appear very similar.

I will add more later to this list.
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28 Aug 2006, 15:48
Necro - your tips are great...they are spot on actually. And I even use the good looking number guessing technique myself.
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28 Aug 2006, 18:11
necromonger, u are just another Rhyme for this forum...
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28 Aug 2006, 22:22
and i just downloaded your geometry quick sheet,,, took out its print out and stuck it on wall
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01 Sep 2006, 05:57
nice tip matt, I'll edit the original and add this as well. I guess if others can suggest nice tips we can sort of update the sticky...

GMATT73 wrote:
You can add in "Lucky Twins" to your repertoire

*LUCKY TWINS
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26 Nov 2006, 15:32
necromonger wrote:
nice tip matt, I'll edit the original and add this as well. I guess if others can suggest nice tips we can sort of update the sticky...

GMATT73 wrote:
You can add in "Lucky Twins" to your repertoire

*LUCKY TWINS

Can you post your geometry sticky/tips too?

Thanks!
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23 Dec 2006, 07:30
Regarding this problem, I think the answer is E.

Z is a multiple of 6. 678463 is not a multiple of 2 nor of 3, so itÂ´s not a multiple of 6 either. Thus, Z could never be a divisor (factor) of 678463.

GMATT73 wrote:
You can add in "Lucky Twins" to your repertoire

The purpose of this problem is to exploit a weakness used by PVue: complimentary answer choices. Almost always in complimentary probability questions, there are a pair of "LUCKY TWINS" among the answer choices. If in doubt and pressed for time, choose a TWIN by logical deduction.

Lets take a crack at this Project GMAT bad boy without making lengthy calculations.

Set S consists of numbers 2, 3, 6, 48, and 164. Number K is computed by multiplying one random number from set S by one of the first 10 non-negative integers, also selected at random. If Z=6^K, what is the probability that 678,463 is not a multiple of Z?

a. 10%
b. 25%
c. 50%
d. 90%
e. 100%

*LUCKY TWINS
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30 Jan 2007, 15:10
Andr359 wrote:
Regarding this problem, I think the answer is E.

Z is a multiple of 6. 678463 is not a multiple of 2 nor of 3, so itÂ´s not a multiple of 6 either. Thus, Z could never be a divisor (factor) of 678463.

GMATT73 wrote:
You can add in "Lucky Twins" to your repertoire

The purpose of this problem is to exploit a weakness used by PVue: complimentary answer choices. Almost always in complimentary probability questions, there are a pair of "LUCKY TWINS" among the answer choices. If in doubt and pressed for time, choose a TWIN by logical deduction.

Lets take a crack at this Project GMAT bad boy without making lengthy calculations.

Set S consists of numbers 2, 3, 6, 48, and 164. Number K is computed by multiplying one random number from set S by one of the first 10 non-negative integers, also selected at random. If Z=6^K, what is the probability that 678,463 is not a multiple of Z?

a. 10%
b. 25%
c. 50%
d. 90%
e. 100%

*LUCKY TWINS

I would choose D base on the fact that one of the first 10 non-negative integers could be 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

If you randomly get 0, then Z = 6^0 = 1. and 1 is a multiple of 678,469. Thus, there is 10% that Z will become a multiple of 678,469 OR 90% (100% - 10%) that Z will not become a multiple of 678,468.
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Thanks for the tips!! [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2007, 07:22
This is very helpful and, believe me, I need all the help I can get!
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Re: Trouble with Quant? Some tips/traps that might help you... [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2009, 11:46
did anyone arrive at a final answer?
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Re: Trouble with Quant? Some tips/traps that might help you... [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2009, 02:27
This was a very useful post... Unique way of looking at some of the traps that GMAT sets out.

Thanks!

+1
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Re: Trouble with Quant? Some tips/traps that might help you... [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2009, 20:27
I've been looking for tips and insight on traps so THANK YOU for the post. If you could have only seen how large my eyes got as I read the post...entertaining yet so real.
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Re: Trouble with Quant? Some tips/traps that might help you... [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2010, 16:18
thanks! i'm bookmarking this page for future reference.
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Re: Trouble with Quant? Some tips/traps that might help you... [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2010, 20:15
I enjoyed your post. I'm going to print this and use it for reference.
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Re: Trouble with Quant? Some tips/traps that might help you... [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2010, 20:37
Great post! Thank you!
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Re: Trouble with Quant? Some tips/traps that might help you... [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2010, 12:24
liked this post a lot...
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Re: Trouble with Quant? Some tips/traps that might help you... [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2010, 11:05
Is the answer for Lucky Twin question D?
Re: Trouble with Quant? Some tips/traps that might help you...   [#permalink] 21 Jul 2010, 11:05

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