Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 28 Sep 2016, 00:22
GMAT Club Tests

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and"

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

2 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 03 Aug 2013
Posts: 8
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 29 [2] , given: 2

Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and" [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jan 2014, 00:24
2
This post received
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

65% (03:44) correct 35% (01:32) wrong based on 182 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Sales of wines declined in the late1980s,but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A) they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again

In choice A why isn't ",and" in ", and particularly of red wine, with ...." not followed by a Independent clause?Isn't that mandatory?is "and" really necessary?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by kiranjith on 16 Jan 2014, 02:29, edited 1 time in total.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 16 Jan 2013
Posts: 182
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 281 [0], given: 56

Re: usage of ",and" [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jan 2014, 01:19
kiranjith wrote:
In choice A why isn't ",and" in ", and particularly of red wine, with ...." not followed by a Independent clause?Isn't that mandatory?is "and" really necessary?


Consider the sentence,

The report linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly (consumption) of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

We are talking about a list - consumption of alcohol, consumption of red wine and so 'and' is separating the two entities in the list. The removal of that extra consumption is called ellipsis, and as long as the sentence is clear, you can omit repeated or obvious words.

Usually ellipsis comes to play during comparisons and while introducing examples (as shown above)
_________________

Read my posts...
What are modifiers ??

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 05 Mar 2013
Posts: 16
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 8

Re: Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and" [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jan 2014, 02:46
kiranjith wrote:
Sales of wines declined in the late1980s,but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A) they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again

In choice A why isn't ",and" in ", and particularly of red wine, with ...." not followed by a Independent clause?Isn't that mandatory?is "and" really necessary?

u have to understand the structure and meaning of the sentence before blindly following a rule. comma + and is followed by and ic but depending on the structure. in this sentence this comma has got nothing to do with and . this comma has been used to separate this extra information "and particularly of red wine" from 'with a reduced risk of heart disease'. this perticular line 'and particularly of red wine' is nothing but extra info, take it as an example of alcohol for which this is mostly applicable, so it is separated from the main part of the sentence by a comma and that comma is not a part of and. heres a example for ur better understanding:
i ate a meal of quinoa, a protein-rich grain from south america, and chicken breast. In this sentence theres a comma +and but that comma is not a part of and. the comma has been used to seperate the modifier 'a protein-rich grain from south america' from the main sentence.
hope this clears ur doubt.
SDA Bocconi Thread Master
avatar
Joined: 27 Dec 2012
Posts: 38
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V33
GMAT 2: 730 Q49 V40
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 34

Premium Member
Re: Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and" [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jan 2014, 06:24
Am I correct in eliminating all other choices except A on the basis of the usage of incorrect positioning of personal pronouns such as 'they' and 'them'? Or am I missing something. Kindly comment.

Regards,

DJ
Expert Post
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1987
Followers: 1980

Kudos [?]: 6595 [0], given: 260

Re: Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and" [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jan 2014, 11:50
Hi Kiranjith,

You are right in saying that 'and' is not really required in this case, since this part is just modifying the previous case. While this structure is slightly unusual, by understanding the function of the phrase beginning with 'particularly', you can be sure that this part is only giving extra information and does not need to be an IC.

Regards,
Meghna
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 9816
Followers: 840

Kudos [?]: 173 [0], given: 0

Premium Member
Re: Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and" [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Sep 2015, 08:44
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 18 Oct 2014
Posts: 915
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
GPA: 3.98
Followers: 80

Kudos [?]: 175 [0], given: 69

GMAT ToolKit User CAT Tests
Re: Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and" [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2016, 06:25
kiranjith wrote:
Sales of wines declined in the late1980s,but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A) they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again

In choice A why isn't ",and" in ", and particularly of red wine, with ...." not followed by a Independent clause?Isn't that mandatory?is "and" really necessary?


(A) they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease. 'they' correctly refers to 'sales of wines'. correct parallelism- 'moderate consumption OF alcohol, and particularly OF red wine'

(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again 'they' is very far from 'sales of wines'. Also 'to grow' is better than 'growing'

(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again 'which' wrongly modifies 'consumption of red wine'

(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again. Not the intended meaning

(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again 'in particular red wine' ??
_________________

I welcome critical analysis of my post!! That will help me reach 700+

Re: Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and"   [#permalink] 07 Jul 2016, 06:25
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to mun23 0 07 Apr 2013, 05:47
Experts publish their posts in the topic Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to souvik101990 0 05 Jan 2013, 16:47
50 Experts publish their posts in the topic Sales of wines declined in the late 1980s, but they began to LM 68 06 May 2010, 12:37
8 Sales of wines declines in the late 1980s, but they began to I3igDmsu 28 07 Jun 2009, 19:13
SC - Red Wines study 3 27 Jan 2009, 10:55
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and"

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.