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Usage of Idioms Prohibits/Forbids

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Usage of Idioms Prohibits/Forbids [#permalink] New post 03 Aug 2012, 22:32
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Please enlighten me with the usage of these two words
1)Forbids
RIGHT- The law forbids any citizen TO VOTE twice
Wrong - The law forbids any citizen from voting twice

2) Prohibits
Right - The law Prohibits any citizen FROM VOTING twice
Wrong - The law Prohibits any citizen TO VOTE twice


Let me know if i am missing some basic aspect.
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Re: Usage of Idioms Prohibits/Forbids [#permalink] New post 29 Aug 2012, 01:16
Expert's post
nipun1987 wrote:
Please enlighten me with the usage of these two words
1)Forbids
RIGHT- The law forbids any citizen TO VOTE twice
Wrong - The law forbids any citizen from voting twice

2) Prohibits
Right - The law Prohibits any citizen FROM VOTING twice
Wrong - The law Prohibits any citizen TO VOTE twice


Let me know if i am missing some basic aspect.



You have it correct. The general forms are

forbid X to Y (infinitive)
prohibit X from Y (-ing)

Awfully strange, since "forbid" and "prohibit" are so similar in meaning! But idioms by their very definition do not fit into more general patterns.

Here's another similar example:

I am capable of flying.
I have the ability to fly.

Again, very similar meaning, but totally different constructions because of the strange idioms.

The most important thing to keep in mind here is that idioms are just not that important on this test.

Take a look at the following articles to get an even better sense of what I mean:

http://www.manhattangmat.com/blog/index ... -the-gmac/
http://www.manhattangmat.com/blog/index ... ry-rudner/

Cheers,
Mark
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Mark Sullivan | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | Seattle, WA


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Re: Usage of Idioms Prohibits/Forbids [#permalink] New post 16 Oct 2012, 13:45
Do we need to read or work on idiom problem. I thought they are removed from GMAT tests.
Pls confirm

MarkSullivan wrote:
nipun1987 wrote:
Please enlighten me with the usage of these two words
1)Forbids
RIGHT- The law forbids any citizen TO VOTE twice
Wrong - The law forbids any citizen from voting twice

2) Prohibits
Right - The law Prohibits any citizen FROM VOTING twice
Wrong - The law Prohibits any citizen TO VOTE twice


Let me know if i am missing some basic aspect.



You have it correct. The general forms are

forbid X to Y (infinitive)
prohibit X from Y (-ing)

Awfully strange, since "forbid" and "prohibit" are so similar in meaning! But idioms by their very definition do not fit into more general patterns.

Here's another similar example:

I am capable of flying.
I have the ability to fly.

Again, very similar meaning, but totally different constructions because of the strange idioms.

The most important thing to keep in mind here is that idioms are just not that important on this test.

Take a look at the following articles to get an even better sense of what I mean:

http://www.manhattangmat.com/blog/index ... -the-gmac/
http://www.manhattangmat.com/blog/index ... ry-rudner/

Cheers,
Mark
Re: Usage of Idioms Prohibits/Forbids   [#permalink] 16 Oct 2012, 13:45
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