Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 22 Nov 2014, 13:26

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Usage of Which

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 09 Aug 2011
Posts: 35
Location: United States (KY)
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GMAT Date: 11-15-2012
WE: Information Technology (Other)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 20

Usage of Which [#permalink] New post 13 Jul 2012, 18:33
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

0% (00:00) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 0 sessions
Hi Ron,
I went through your videos and have a question about usage of "which"

Below text is from your videos: This is what you said:

"Which" modifier can modify:
*the NOUN that IMMEDIATELY PRECEDES THE COMMA;
--OR--
* the NOUN + PREP PHRASE that immediately precedes the comma



"You are going to use context to figure out which of these is the case"

1) The old capitol building in benecia, which was the capital city of california for a few years in 19th century, is a historic landmark.
here which modifies NOUN only- benecia

2) the old capital building in benecia, which was built in under a year when the city was designated capital of california , is now a landmark.


here which modifies NOUN+PREP PHRASE - capital building in benecial

But in following passage
3) The passage of the anti -Cybersquatting consumer protection act in 1999, which allows companies....
here usage of "which" is incorrect " this PREP PHRASE is a separate description, so you can't jump it.

Now my question is what is the difference between 2) and 3). In both sentences which is referring to NOUN+ PREP PHRASE then why is 2) correct
but 3) is incorrect?
Perhaps there is subtle difference that I am missing. can you clarify please?
Kaplan Promo CodeKnewton GMAT Discount CodesManhattan GMAT Discount Codes
Expert Post
4 KUDOS received
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 2168
Followers: 583

Kudos [?]: 2374 [4] , given: 32

Re: Usage of Which [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2012, 06:58
4
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Simba2012 wrote:
Hi Ron,
I went through your videos and have a question about usage of "which"

Below text is from your videos: This is what you said:
"Which" modifier can modify:
*the NOUN that IMMEDIATELY PRECEDES THE COMMA;
--OR--
* the NOUN + PREP PHRASE that immediately precedes the comma


"You are going to use context to figure out which of these is the case"

1) The old capitol building in benecia, which was the capital city of california for a few years in 19th century, is a historic landmark.
here which modifies NOUN only- benecia

2) the old capital building in benecia, which was built in under a year when the city was designated capital of california , is now a landmark.


here which modifies NOUN+PREP PHRASE - capital building in benecial

But in following passage
3) The passage of the anti -Cybersquatting consumer protection act in 1999, which allows companies....
here usage of "which" is incorrect " this PREP PHRASE is a separate description, so you can't jump it.

Now my question is what is the difference between 2) and 3). In both sentences which is referring to NOUN+ PREP PHRASE then why is 2) correct
but 3) is incorrect?
Perhaps there is subtle difference that I am missing. can you clarify please?


Dear Simba2012

I don't know who Ron is or what videos he made, but I am happy to help with this question. I believe the distinction you are missing is that of a vital noun modifier vs. a non-vital modifier. First of all, you may find these two links helpful:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/that-vs-which-on-the-gmat/
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... modifiers/

This distinction is precisely what makes the difference between #2 and #3.

2) The old capital building in Benecia, which was built in under a year when the city was designated capital of California , is now a landmark.

Let's just pull out the core sentence "The old capital building in Benecia is now a landmark." That sentence is perfectly clear. Now remove the prepositional phrase: "The old capital building is now a landmark." If we just saw this sentence, without the preceding context, we would have absolutely no idea which old capital building was under discussion --- it could be anywhere in the world. In this sentence, the preposition phrase "in Benecia" is a vital noun modifier, because it makes clear which "old capital building" we are discussion --- it clarifies what otherwise would be a hopelessly ambiguous sentence. Here's the big idea: vital noun-modifiers rank above the "modifier touch rule" --- that is, a vital noun-modifier can come between a noun and the clause that modifies it. That's why #2 is perfectly correct.

3)The passage of the anti-Cybersquatting consumer protection act in 1999, which allows companies....
Trainwreck! Here, we want the clause "which allows companies" to modify "the anti-Cybersquatting consumer protection act." Imagine the sentence without the preposition phrase "in 1999". It would still be 100% clear. We don't need that prepositional phrase to tell us "which" anti-Cybersquatting consumer protection act is under discussion. Presumably, there is only one law with that name, so no clarification about its identity is needed. The prepositional phrase "in 1999" is a non-vital modifier, here in gross violation of the modifier touch rule. That's why #3 is a disastrously incorrect.

Does this distinction make sense? This is an important one for the more difficult questions on the GMAT SC.

Let me know if you have any further questions.

Mike :-)
_________________

Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Image

Image

Expert Post
2 KUDOS received
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1806
Followers: 1324

Kudos [?]: 3791 [2] , given: 192

Re: Usage of Which [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2012, 07:21
2
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Hi Simba2012,

Just yesterday we came out with anarticle where we talk about when it makes sense for the raltive pronouns to modify a slightly far away noun and when it does not. There is a small exercise there as well to help you understand the application of this guideline. Take a look by clicking on the following link:

noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WeT9_Wr0DlI&feature=youtu.be

1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 09 Aug 2011
Posts: 35
Location: United States (KY)
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GMAT Date: 11-15-2012
WE: Information Technology (Other)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 11 [1] , given: 20

Re: Usage of Which [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2012, 17:35
1
This post received
KUDOS
Mike, Shradda
Thank you both for responding and for your wonderful explanations. Now I am totally clear about this concept. I truly appreciate it!
Re: Usage of Which   [#permalink] 17 Jul 2012, 17:35
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 Usage of that and which pjagadish27 2 17 Jul 2013, 03:22
Usage of which sanjeebpanda 0 08 Jul 2013, 19:23
1 Experts publish their posts in the topic Usage of which kdraj 3 11 Mar 2012, 21:54
'which' usage Prax 0 10 Jun 2010, 09:23
4 That/which usage JoyLibs 6 10 Jun 2010, 09:05
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Usage of Which

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Privacy Policy| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.