Usage of which ..Need a clear understanding : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 23 Jan 2017, 21:23

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Usage of which ..Need a clear understanding

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 04 Dec 2011
Posts: 29
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 6

Usage of which ..Need a clear understanding [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Mar 2014, 16:06
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

71% (01:56) correct 29% (00:42) wrong based on 62 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

The electronics company has unveiled what it claims to be the world’s smallest network digital camcorder, the length of which is that of a handheld computer, and it weighs less than 11 ounces.
A. to be the world’s smallest network digital camcorder, the length of which is that of a handheld computer, and it weighs
B. to be the smallest network digital camcorder in the world, which is as long as a handheld computer, weighing
C. is the smallest network digital camcorder in the world, which is as long as a handheld computer, and it weighs
D. is the world’s smallest network digital camcorder, which is as long as a handheld computer and weighs
E. is the world’s smallest network digital camcorder, the length of which is that of a handheld computer, weighin

Hi All,
It might be discussed a lot,I still have doubt.

I used to believe the which refers to closest noun before comma.But later I realized that which may refer to distant noun/subject if there is some prepositional phrase which is mandatory to be present.

In the option C and B how can I be sure which refers to world.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
Intern
Joined: 22 Jul 2011
Posts: 32
R: K
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 4

Re: Usage of which ..Need a clear understanding [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Mar 2014, 22:31
sanjeebpanda wrote:
The electronics company has unveiled what it claims to be the world’s smallest network digital camcorder, the length of which is that of a handheld computer, and it weighs less than 11 ounces.
A. to be the world’s smallest network digital camcorder, the length of which is that of a handheld computer, and it weighs
B. to be the smallest network digital camcorder in the world, which is as long as a handheld computer, weighing
C. is the smallest network digital camcorder in the world, which is as long as a handheld computer, and it weighs
D. is the world’s smallest network digital camcorder, which is as long as a handheld computer and weighs
E. is the world’s smallest network digital camcorder, the length of which is that of a handheld computer, weighin

Hi All,
It might be discussed a lot,I still have doubt.

I used to believe the which refers to closest noun before comma.But later I realized that which may refer to distant noun/subject if there is some prepositional phrase which is mandatory to be present.

In the option C and B how can I be sure which refers to world.

Hi

Let us take option B :
The electronics company has unveiled what it claims to be the smallest network digital camcorder in the world, which is as long as a handheld computer, weighing less than 11 ounces.

Which can modify "smallest network digital camcorder" if the prep phrase "in the world" cannnot be placed elsewhere in the sentence without violating the structure and the meaning.
We can write "the world’s smallest network digital camcorder" (option D), without violating structure and the meaning so option D is preferred. Please refer an excellent article by E-GMAT at noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html for further clarity.

Another error in option B is use of "verb- ing" modifier (weighing)

IMO in following sentence, option D is preferred to modified option B (experts please comment on this):
Modified Option B :
The electronics company has unveiled what it claims to be the smallest network digital camcorder in the world, which is as long as a handheld computer and weighs less than 11 ounces.

Option D:
The electronics company has unveiled what it claims is the world’s smallest network digital camcorder, which is as long as a handheld computer and weighs less than 11 ounces.

In Option C the same logic for "which" modifier will be applicable.

Another error in C is referent of pronoun "it" (2nd - "it weights less.....).

Hope this helps
Manager
Joined: 22 Oct 2013
Posts: 114
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V42
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 32 [0], given: 10

Re: Usage of which ..Need a clear understanding [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Mar 2014, 00:02
sanjeebpanda wrote:
I used to believe the which refers to closest noun before comma.But later I realized that which may refer to distant noun/subject if there is some prepositional phrase which is mandatory to be present.

I still continue to believe this. Is there anything in OG that makes you believe otherwise?

For example, here "which" would refer to "world", thereby making those options incorrect.
Manager
Status: Oh GMAT ! I give you one more shot :)
Joined: 14 Feb 2013
Posts: 96
Location: United States (MI)
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT 1: 580 Q44 V28
GMAT 2: 690 Q49 V34
GPA: 3.5
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 108 [0], given: 18

Re: Usage of which ..Need a clear understanding [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Mar 2014, 11:06
ayushman wrote:
sanjeebpanda wrote:
I used to believe the which refers to closest noun before comma.But later I realized that which may refer to distant noun/subject if there is some prepositional phrase which is mandatory to be present.

I still continue to believe this. Is there anything in OG that makes you believe otherwise?

For example, here "which" would refer to "world", thereby making those options incorrect.

When in doubt just replace which with the noun(s) in the sentence and check if more than 1 noun can replace which.

B. The electronics company has unveiled what it claims to be the smallest network digital camcorder in the world, which is as long as a handheld computer, weighing less than 11 ounces.
The 2 nouns that which can refer to are the smallest network digital camcorder and the world. Now replace which with the 2 nouns one by one and you get :

1.) The electronics company has unveiled what it claims to be the smallest network digital camcorder in the world, the smallest network digital camcorder is as long as a handheld computer, weighing less than 11 ounces.
2.) The electronics company has unveiled what it claims to be the smallest network digital camcorder in the world, the world is as long as a handheld computer, weighing less than 11 ounces.

You can see that both camcorder and world have length as their physical attribute, so they both can replace which.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
But now lets take a look at an Official example (OG 13#29, Choice E)
Emily Dickinson’s letters to Susan Huntington Dickinson, which were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and ending shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, outnumber her letters to anyone else.

No if you replace which with the 2 possible nouns then you get :
1.) Emily Dickinson’s letters to Susan Huntington Dickinson, letters were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and ending shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, outnumber her letters to anyone else.
2.) Emily Dickinson’s letters to Susan Huntington Dickinson, Susan Huntington Dickinson were written over a period beginning a few years before Susan’s marriage to Emily’s brother and ending shortly before Emily’s death in 1886, outnumber her letters to anyone else.

You can easily see that 2nd sentence doesn't make any sense, Susan is a person and hence cannot be written. Which can only refer to the letters. So in this case which refers to a noun far from it, but still clearly expresses the meaning.

Option B also has a modifier error, weighing is modifying handheld computer and not the camcorder.
_________________

Life is a highway
I wanna ride it all night long

Manager
Joined: 22 Oct 2013
Posts: 114
GMAT 1: 750 Q50 V42
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 32 [0], given: 10

Re: Usage of which ..Need a clear understanding [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Mar 2014, 22:35
prasun9 wrote:
When in doubt just replace which with the noun(s) in the sentence and check if more than 1 noun can replace which.

B. The electronics company has unveiled what it claims to be the smallest network digital camcorder in the world, which is as long as a handheld computer, weighing less than 11 ounces.
The 2 nouns that which can refer to are the smallest network digital camcorder and the world. Now replace which with the 2 nouns one by one and you get :

1.) The electronics company has unveiled what it claims to be the smallest network digital camcorder in the world, the smallest network digital camcorder is as long as a handheld computer, weighing less than 11 ounces.
2.) The electronics company has unveiled what it claims to be the smallest network digital camcorder in the world, the world is as long as a handheld computer, weighing less than 11 ounces.

You can see that both camcorder and world have length as their physical attribute, so they both can replace which.

I believe that in this case, "which" will only refer to "world" and not "camcorder".
Re: Usage of which ..Need a clear understanding   [#permalink] 13 Mar 2014, 22:35
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Usage of which 0 08 Jul 2013, 19:23
11 Usage of Which 5 13 Jul 2012, 18:33
1 Usage of which 3 11 Mar 2012, 21:54
1 I need to understand grammatically why, how and when which 6 21 Dec 2010, 06:53
'which' usage 0 10 Jun 2010, 09:23
Display posts from previous: Sort by