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Use of "In Which" and "Whereby"

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Use of "In Which" and "Whereby" [#permalink] New post 29 May 2008, 16:07
Can you guys help explain when to use "in which" and "whereby" on gmat sentence correction...i'm stumped.
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Re: Use of "In Which" and "Whereby" [#permalink] New post 29 May 2008, 18:21
Can you give us an example?

I don't believe the two ('in which' and 'whereby') function the same. It seems 'in which' is going to refer to a noun that does an action. Here is what Wiktionary.com had to say about "whereby":

Wiktionary Comment on 'whereby' wrote:
Use of whereby as a formal equivalent of where is nonstandard and is avoided by careful speakers and writers, who use where or in which instead. The term typically fails readability and comprehension review so it is generally avoided in published works. The term is also avoided by speakers as it makes it difficult to understand the message that's trying to be communicated.


If I see the term "whereby" in a SC question, I'm probably going to look for the sentence that doesn't use "whereby".

I've come up with a few examples of the proper usage of "in which":

1) The car, in which Jason rode, was a restored 1965 Mustang convertible.
2) Yesterday's game, in which she scored 3 goals, was her best game of the season.

These are not great examples. Each can be rewritten to be clearer such as:

1) Jason rode in a restored 1965 Mustang convertible.
2) She scored 3 goals in yesterday's game, her best game of the season. (I'm not sure I like this version better than my first attempt).

I hope this gives you some help. Generally, we want sentences and spoken English to be clear and understandable. When someone begins to use words and phrases such as "whereby" and "in which" I laugh to myself. Most of the time, the person is trying to sound intelligent. Few people actually have these words in the daily vocabulary.

jimmyjamesdonkey wrote:
Can you guys help explain when to use "in which" and "whereby" on gmat sentence correction...i'm stumped.

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Re: Use of "In Which" and "Whereby" [#permalink] New post 29 May 2008, 18:27
jimmyjamesdonkey wrote:
Can you guys help explain when to use "in which" and "whereby" on gmat sentence correction...i'm stumped.


"whereby" ="by which", so I think "whereby" is different from "in which"

"in which" = where, but do not say "by which" = "by where" :lol:
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Re: Use of "In Which" and "Whereby" [#permalink] New post 29 May 2008, 19:03
Would Whereby & In Which be consider redundant?
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Re: Use of "In Which" and "Whereby" [#permalink] New post 30 May 2008, 05:05
I would not consider Whereby & In Which redundant. Each has a use and when used properly they do add to the sentence. The problem is, the usage of these words creates a rather complex sentence. While we spend so long on our writing learning how to get beyond "The cat jumped over the hat" and to "The red cat, infested with fleas, jumped over the large brown hat.", sometimes the most effective writing is very simple and focused.

Also, using "in which" will often create a passive sentence if we do not carefully construct the sentence.

PASSIVE VOICE
The car, in which Michael rode, was going 20 mph over the speed limit.

ACTIVE VOICE
The car, in which Michael rode, raced down the road at 20 mph over the speed limit.

The sentence kind of sounds odd to have an inanimate object such as a car doing some action.

jimmyjamesdonkey wrote:
Would Whereby & In Which be consider redundant?

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Re: Use of "In Which" and "Whereby"   [#permalink] 30 May 2008, 05:05
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