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use of that vs it

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use of that vs it [#permalink] New post 04 Apr 2010, 08:43
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I have a basic question related to usage of that vs it.

As per MGMAT, that is used to indicate new copy of the antecedent.

e.g - The money spent by her parents is than THAT spent by her children.

Can we replace THAT in the above example with IT

i.e - The money spent by her parents is that IT was by her children.

Is the above example corrent ?
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Re: use of that vs it [#permalink] New post 31 Oct 2010, 18:08
I think the example you're referring to has a "more" in it that you forgot to type:

"The money spent by her parents is more than THAT spent by her children."

If this is the case, then your answer is: No, you cannot replace "THAT" with "it" because the THAT is referring to the money spent by her children. If you replace "THAT" with "IT" then you'd be saying:

"The money spent by her parents is more than (the money spent by her parents) spent by her children."

This sentence, of course, doesn't make much sense.

Good luck!
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Re: use of that vs it [#permalink] New post 31 Oct 2010, 18:24
In the example -

The money spent by her parents is more than THAT spent by her children.

I think "THAT" is referring to "the money".

i.e
The money spent by her parents is more than THAT(the money) spent by her children.

Hence the question whether you can replace "that" with "it" ?
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Re: use of that vs it [#permalink] New post 31 Oct 2010, 18:31
You're exactly right. "That" is referring to "the money" without the modifier "spent by her parents." You can not replace the "that" with an "it" because "it" can only refers to an antecedent in the sentence. "That" can refer to just a part of the antecedent (the money).

I can't think of any specific examples where you can use "that" and "it" interchangeably. When you use "that" as a pronoun, you introduce a new variation of the subject.
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Re: use of that vs it   [#permalink] 31 Oct 2010, 18:31
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