Most people who betray their country through some form of espionage are driven by irrational desires to feel powerful or important, to seek revenge, or even to take risks. If these people were thinking rationally, they would not be involved in such self-destructive behavior.
The argument above rests on which of the following assumptions?
(a) Self-destruction is the most frequent result of espionage. - My answer(explanatrion below)
(b) The desire to feel powerful is always irrational. - Clearly mentioned in the passage(driven by irrational desire to feel powerful or important---> so to feel powerful is irrational although, the argument doesn't mention if this is true always)
(c) Those involved in espionage do not have rational reasons for their behavior. - By using "most people" the argument clears that there are some(at least 1) who betray for rational reason.
1) Most ppl(chose espionage) ____driven by______--> irrational desire(e.g. feel powerful, important, revenge etc)
2) If ppl(think rational)__________then__________--> No self destruction
Option A says:
3) Espionage _______most probably________-->Self destruction.
combine 1) with 3)
irrational desire ---> self destruction hence 2)
Option d) & e) are irrelevant.
" Some are desperate for success, and therefore destined for it."