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Verbal Challenge CR I

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Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2013, 12:15
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Hi guys! This is a set of 3 CR Questions part of the "Verbal Challenge".

Check out the solutions here: verbal-challenge-cr-i-155548-20.html#p1245643.

1)A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In stadiums that seat 20,000 or fewer people, the team averaged 1 “home run” -- a ball hit across the field of play and over the opposing fence, called the outfield wall -- per game. In stadiums that seat between 20,000 and 40,000 people, the team averaged 2 home runs per game. Finally, in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per game. Obviously, the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.

Assuming that all stadiums during the season were filled to capacity, which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument above?

A) The team's leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.
B) The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.
C) The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.
D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.
E) The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.

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Last edited by Zarrolou on 12 Jul 2013, 00:19, edited 1 time in total.
Added OE.
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2013, 12:16
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2)According to a 1990 law, Native American tribes are entitled to artifacts or remains removed from their lands, provided that the tribes can show a direct archaeological, geological, or historical link to the artifacts. Recently, the Umatilla tribes of Oregon and Washington laid claim to a set of skeletal remains more than 500 years old.

Each of the following, if true, strengthens the Umatilla’s claim to the remains EXCEPT:

A)Tools found with the remains are similar to tools known to be used by the ancestors of the Umatilla.
B)DNA evidence from the remains shows a direct link to current members of the Umatilla.
C)The Umatilla claim that the remains of all native peoples deserve the respect of a traditional reburial ceremony.
D)The remains were found in close proximity to an excavation of an ancient Umatilla settlement.
E)The remains were buried with artifacts similar to those found with other Umatilla remains.

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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2013, 12:16
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3)Workshop instructor: Sewing leather is, in many respects, simpler than sewing fabric. For instance, pieces of fabric must be sewn together so that the "bias," the direction in which the fabric stretches most, matches throughout the final product; this consideration is irrelevant for leather. Furthermore, if fabric is not pressed before it is sewn, the final product is liable to "pucker" or to lie unevenly; leather, on the other hand, does not need to be pressed. Nevertheless, it is inadvisable for novice sewers to begin sewing leather until they have mastered the basic skills of sewing using fabric.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the instructor's contention?

A)To be used for sewing leather, most sewing machines must be fitted with a new attachment, which is inexpensive but usually must be purchased separately.
B)Many garments that can be sewn with fabric cannot, for either practical or aesthetic reasons, be sewn with leather.
C)Fabric is available in a much larger variety of weights, colors, and textures than is leather.
D)When stitches are removed, as in the case of errors, they leave permanent, visible perforations in leather but not in fabric.
E)While leather can be stitched in any direction, fabric must be stitched in particular directions to prevent undesirable stretching or wrinkling of the final product.


Source: Various.
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2013, 12:29
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Zarrolou wrote:
Hi guys! This is a set of 3 CR Questions part of the "Verbal Challenge": the SC questions will be out tomorrow.

The solutions will be out in 4-5 days, kudos to correct answer and explanations!

1)A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In stadiums that seat 20,000 or fewer people, the team averaged 1 “home run” -- a ball hit across the field of play and over the opposing fence, called the outfield wall -- per game. In stadiums that seat between 20,000 and 40,000 people, the team averaged 2 home runs per game. Finally, in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per game. Obviously, the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.

Assuming that all stadiums during the season were filled to capacity, which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument above?

A) The team's leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.
B) The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.
C) The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.
D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.
E) The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.


IMO D
CONCLUSION:the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.
we have to weaken the argument in other words we have to show that increase in home runs was due to some other factor and not because of he excitement of playing in front of large crowds.

clearly D does that:
D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.==>the overall length is being reduced everytime there is an increase in number of crowds in order capacitate them.....hence players are hitting more home runs.

A) The team's leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.==>just stating the fact for leading home run hitter.
B) The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.===>even if the fans are cheering the opposite team..we are not sure ...whether the home team is getting excited or not....hence misses the point.
C) The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.===>we are not worried about the largest or smallest stadium.
D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.==>correct
E) The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.====>thiS rather strenghtens..hence not correct

waiting OA
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2013, 12:48
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Zarrolou wrote:
3)Workshop instructor: Sewing leather is, in many respects, simpler than sewing fabric. For instance, pieces of fabric must be sewn together so that the "bias," the direction in which the fabric stretches most, matches throughout the final product; this consideration is irrelevant for leather. Furthermore, if fabric is not pressed before it is sewn, the final product is liable to "pucker" or to lie unevenly; leather, on the other hand, does not need to be pressed. Nevertheless, it is inadvisable for novice sewers to begin sewing leather until they have mastered the basic skills of sewing using fabric.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the instructor's contention?

A)To be used for sewing leather, most sewing machines must be fitted with a new attachment, which is inexpensive but usually must be purchased separately.
B)Many garments that can be sewn with fabric cannot, for either practical or aesthetic reasons, be sewn with leather.
C)Fabric is available in a much larger variety of weights, colors, and textures than is leather.
D)When stitches are removed, as in the case of errors, they leave permanent, visible perforations in leather but not in fabric.
E)While leather can be stitched in any direction, fabric must be stitched in particular directions to prevent undesirable stretching or wrinkling of the final product.


Source: Various.


IMO D

CONCLUSION :NEW SEWER should start sewing on fabric....rather than leather.....
this.. is kinda paradox type.
argument says it is simpler to sew leather than fabric...but new sewer should always start with fabric..before they are perfect.
IF WE PRETHINK:
overall incharge must be worried about loss that might occur if novice workers do some damage in sewing....
keeping this in mind....clearly option D clarifies it...

D)When stitches are removed, as in the case of errors, they leave permanent, visible perforations in leather but not in fabric.===>means even if workers do mistake on fabrics ..there is no mark left if we remove that stiches....on the other hand...a permanent mark will be left if you remove stiches from leather..which can incur loss..hence correct.

A)To be used for sewing leather, most sewing machines must be fitted with a new attachment, which is inexpensive but usually must be purchased separately.==>
we are not worried what all technologies are required in diferent types of sewing ...incorrect
B)Many garments that can be sewn with fabric cannot, for either practical or aesthetic reasons, be sewn with leather.===>we want the reason why new sewer should work on fabrics and not on leather...and dont want to know the type of garments which used by fabric...and then cant be used with leather..incorrect
C)Fabric is available in a much larger variety of weights, colors, and textures than is leather.==>out of context...
D)When stitches are removed, as in the case of errors, they leave permanent, visible perforations in leather but not in fabric.====>correct
E)While leather can be stitched in any direction, fabric must be stitched in particular directions to prevent undesirable stretching or wrinkling of the final product.==>
it tells the difference in stiching required with leather and fabric..hence misses the point.

waiting OA
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2013, 12:58
Zarrolou wrote:
2)According to a 1990 law, Native American tribes are entitled to artifacts or remains removed from their lands, provided that the tribes can show a direct archaeological, geological, or historical link to the artifacts. Recently, the Umatilla tribes of Oregon and Washington laid claim to a set of skeletal remains more than 500 years old.

Each of the following, if true, strengthens the Umatilla’s claim to the remains EXCEPT:

A)Tools found with the remains are similar to tools known to be used by the ancestors of the Umatilla.
B)DNA evidence from the remains shows a direct link to current members of the Umatilla.
C)The Umatilla claim that the remains of all native peoples deserve the respect of a traditional reburial ceremony.
D)The remains were found in close proximity to an excavation of an ancient Umatilla settlement.
E)The remains were buried with artifacts similar to those found with other Umatilla remains.



i missed this one....
anyways.....now its clearly IMO C.
Dont deserve a KUDO now :(
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Last edited by blueseas on 07 Jul 2013, 20:11, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2013, 16:40
Shaileshmishra-

Question 2 says EXCEPT.

Answer should be C coz all other 4 are strengthing the argument.
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2013, 17:38
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Zarrolou wrote:
Hi guys! This is a set of 3 CR Questions part of the "Verbal Challenge": the SC questions will be out tomorrow.

The solutions will be out in 4-5 days, kudos to correct answer and explanations!

1)A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In stadiums that seat 20,000 or fewer people, the team averaged 1 “home run” -- a ball hit across the field of play and over the opposing fence, called the outfield wall -- per game. In stadiums that seat between 20,000 and 40,000 people, the team averaged 2 home runs per game. Finally, in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per game. Obviously, the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.

Assuming that all stadiums during the season were filled to capacity, which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument above?

A) The team's leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.
B) The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.
C) The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.
D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.
E) The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.


IMO, D is correct.

Fact: In stadium 20k or fewer people --> the team averaged 1 "home run"
Fact: In stadium 20k to 40k people --> the team averaged 2 "home run"
Fact: In stadium 40k or more people --> the team average 3 "home run"
Conclusion: the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs (The more audiences, the more "home run")

Weakness: in stadium with more people seated, the distance from the field to the wall is closer than that of the stadium with fewer people ==> It's easier to get more "home run".

A) The team's leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.
Wrong. Shell game. The argument talks about "the team", not only "leading hitter". How about other members? Are they affected by the crowds? We don't know --> does not help to weaken the conclusion.

B) The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.
Wrong. It strengthen, not weaken the conclusion.

C) The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.
Wrong. Information about only the "largest stadium" cannot weaken the conclusion that covers all sized stadiums.

D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.
Correct. It weaken the conclusion (the more crowds, the more "home run"). The main reason of the fact "more home run in larger stadium" is the distance from the field to the wall is shorter, ==> It's easier to get a "home run". Not because of the the excitement of the crowds.

E) The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.
Wrong. It strengthen, not weaken the conclusion.

Waiting for OA.
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2013, 17:51
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Zarrolou wrote:
2)According to a 1990 law, Native American tribes are entitled to artifacts or remains removed from their lands, provided that the tribes can show a direct archaeological, geological, or historical link to the artifacts. Recently, the Umatilla tribes of Oregon and Washington laid claim to a set of skeletal remains more than 500 years old.

Each of the following, if true, strengthens the Umatilla’s claim to the remains EXCEPT:

A)Tools found with the remains are similar to tools known to be used by the ancestors of the Umatilla.
B)DNA evidence from the remains shows a direct link to current members of the Umatilla.
C)The Umatilla claim that the remains of all native peoples deserve the respect of a traditional reburial ceremony.
D)The remains were found in close proximity to an excavation of an ancient Umatilla settlement.
E)The remains were buried with artifacts similar to those found with other Umatilla remains.


Fact: Native American tribes are entitled to artifacts or remains removed from their lands, provided that the tribes can show a direct archaeological, geological, or historical link to the artifacts.
Fact: Recently, the Umatilla tribes of Oregon and Washington laid claim to a set of skeletal remains more than 500 years old.

KEY word: show a direct archaeological, geological, or historical link to the artifacts. ==> Any answers that show the direct link will be INCORRECT. Because this is "Except" question.

A)Tools found with the remains are similar to tools known to be used by the ancestors of the Umatilla.
Wrong. This is evidence of archaeological --> link to the artifact --> Wrong.

B)DNA evidence from the remains shows a direct link to current members of the Umatilla.
Wrong. This is absolutely direct link --> Wrong.

C)The Umatilla claim that the remains of all native peoples deserve the respect of a traditional reburial ceremony.
Correct. D shows the fact that is NOT a direct archaeological, geological, or historical link to the artifacts. --> Correct.

D)The remains were found in close proximity to an excavation of an ancient Umatilla settlement.
Wrong. This is evidence of archaeological --> link to the artifact --> Wrong.

E)The remains were buried with artifacts similar to those found with other Umatilla remains
Wrong. This is evidence of archaeological --> link to the artifact --> Wrong.

Waiting for OA.
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2013, 18:02
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Zarrolou wrote:
3)Workshop instructor: Sewing leather is, in many respects, simpler than sewing fabric. For instance, pieces of fabric must be sewn together so that the "bias," the direction in which the fabric stretches most, matches throughout the final product; this consideration is irrelevant for leather. Furthermore, if fabric is not pressed before it is sewn, the final product is liable to "pucker" or to lie unevenly; leather, on the other hand, does not need to be pressed. Nevertheless, it is inadvisable for novice sewers to begin sewing leather until they have mastered the basic skills of sewing using fabric.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the instructor's contention?

A)To be used for sewing leather, most sewing machines must be fitted with a new attachment, which is inexpensive but usually must be purchased separately.
B)Many garments that can be sewn with fabric cannot, for either practical or aesthetic reasons, be sewn with leather.
C)Fabric is available in a much larger variety of weights, colors, and textures than is leather.
D)When stitches are removed, as in the case of errors, they leave permanent, visible perforations in leather but not in fabric.
E)While leather can be stitched in any direction, fabric must be stitched in particular directions to prevent undesirable stretching or wrinkling of the final product.


Source: Various.


Fact: Sewing leather is, in many respects, simpler than sewing fabric.
Fact: supporting examples.........
Conclusion: Nevertheless, it is inadvisable for novice sewers to begin sewing leather until they have mastered the basic skills of sewing using fabric

KEY point is: mastered the basic skills of sewing ==> just focus on comparing "skills" of sewing fabric vs sewing leather ==> to pick a correct answer.

A)To be used for sewing leather, most sewing machines must be fitted with a new attachment, which is inexpensive but usually must be purchased separately.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about "a new attachment".

B)Many garments that can be sewn with fabric cannot, for either practical or aesthetic reasons, be sewn with leather.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about "practical or aesthetic reasons".

C)Fabric is available in a much larger variety of weights, colors, and textures than is leather.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about "weights, colors, and textures".

D)When stitches are removed, as in the case of errors, they leave permanent, visible perforations in leather but not in fabric.
Correct. This shows sewing leather requires more careful, higher skills than sewing fabric does. Any errors cannot be "undo". ==> Practicing sewing fabric before sewing leather will help a sewer avoid committing to errors.

E)While leather can be stitched in any direction, fabric must be stitched in particular directions to prevent undesirable stretching or wrinkling of the final product.
Wrong. why the fact "leather can be stitched in any direction" weaken the conclusion "must master sewing fabric before sew leather"? Clearly, it does not help at any point.

Waiting for OA.
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2013, 18:24
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3)Workshop instructor: Sewing leather is, in many respects, simpler than sewing fabric. For instance, pieces of fabric must be sewn together so that the "bias," the direction in which the fabric stretches most, matches throughout the final product; this consideration is irrelevant for leather. Furthermore, if fabric is not pressed before it is sewn, the final product is liable to "pucker" or to lie unevenly; leather, on the other hand, does not need to be pressed. Nevertheless, it is inadvisable for novice sewers to begin sewing leather until they have mastered the basic skills of sewing using fabric.
It is easy to sew Leather but WHY it is advised to master sewing FABRIC before LEATHER?
Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the instructor's contention?
A)To be used for sewing leather, most sewing machines must be fitted with a new attachment, which is inexpensive but usually must be purchased separately.
- So WHAT IF leather sewing machines need new inexpensive attachment. OFS. Incorrect

B)Many garments that can be sewn with fabric cannot, for either practical or aesthetic reasons, be sewn with leather.
- Its fine that i can't sew a fabric with leather but why should i master fabric sewing first? No answer . Thus Incorrect

C)Fabric is available in a much larger variety of weights, colors, and textures than is leather.
- Very Nice shell game option. This option ONLY talks about the variety of Fabric but it does not provides any info about the LEATHER. Narrow variety range does not means SCARCITY of Leather. Thus Incorrect.

D)When stitches are removed, as in the case of errors, they leave permanent, visible perforations in leather but not in fabric.
- Correct. Permanent Visible perforations are negative features of Leather in case of any mistake. Thus it is advised to master sewing FABRIC before LEATHER so as reduce the chances of error. Correct

E)While leather can be stitched in any direction, fabric must be stitched in particular directions to prevent undesirable stretching or wrinkling of the final product. -Already mentioned in the stimuli. No new info. Incorrect

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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2013, 18:34
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2)According to a 1990 law, Native American tribes are entitled to artifacts or remains removed from their lands, provided that the tribes can show a direct archaeological, geological, or historical link to the artifacts. Recently, the Umatilla tribes of Oregon and Washington laid claim to a set of skeletal remains more than 500 years old.

Each of the following, if true, strengthens the Umatilla’s claim to the remains EXCEPT:
A)Tools found with the remains are similar to tools known to be used by the ancestors of the Umatilla.
Similarity of tools establishes a connection. Supports the conclusion. Incorrect

B)DNA evidence from the remains shows a direct link to current members of the Umatilla.
DNA establishes a connection. Supports the conclusion. Incorrect

C)The Umatilla claim that the remains of all native peoples deserve the respect of a traditional reburial ceremony.
This option fails to establish any kind of Link to the artifacts. Thus fails to support the conclusion. Correct

D)The remains were found in close proximity to an excavation of an ancient Umatilla settlement.
Proximity of remnants & Umatilla settlement establishes a connection. Supports the conclusion. Incorrect

E)The remains were buried with artifacts similar to those found with other Umatilla remains.
Proximity establishes a connection. Supports the conclusion. Incorrect

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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2013, 18:48
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1)A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In stadiums that seat 20,000 or fewer people, the team averaged 1 “home run” -- a ball hit across the field of play and over the opposing fence, called the outfield wall -- per game. In stadiums that seat between 20,000 and 40,000 people, the team averaged 2 home runs per game. Finally, in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per game. Obviously, the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.

Assuming that all stadiums during the season were filled to capacity, which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument above?
A) The team's leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.
Shell game option. The argument is about the performance of overall TEAM rather than the performance of leading home run hitter. Incorrect

B) The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.
Shell game option. The argument is about the SIZE of the crowds rather than the SIDE of the crowd (Cheered For or Against the team). Incorrect

C) The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.
So what if the team scored only 2 home runs in 1 games. This option provides no info whether large crowd affects team performance or not. Incorrect

D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.
- If the outfield wall is closer, then players can hit HOME RUN easily without any bearing on the excitement of the large crowds. CORRECT

E) The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.
Already mentioned in the stimuli though in different terms. Provides no new info. Incorrect

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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2013, 20:12
eMJ wrote:
Shaileshmishra-

Question 2 says EXCEPT.

Answer should be C coz all other 4 are strengthing the argument.


thanks mate....
now i can see that one was not so tricky.. :-D
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2013, 08:52
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Zarrolou wrote:
Hi guys! This is a set of 3 CR Questions part of the "Verbal Challenge": the SC questions will be out tomorrow.

The solutions will be out in 4-5 days, kudos to correct answer and explanations!

1)A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In stadiums that seat 20,000 or fewer people, the team averaged 1 “home run” -- a ball hit across the field of play and over the opposing fence, called the outfield wall -- per game. In stadiums that seat between 20,000 and 40,000 people, the team averaged 2 home runs per game. Finally, in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per game. Obviously, the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.

Assuming that all stadiums during the season were filled to capacity, which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument above?

A) The team's leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.
B) The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.
C) The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.
D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.
E) The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.


For a change all choices underline the argument to different stages. I wonder if D is considered more direct as the outfield wall is part of the argument parameters and should have consequently more impact(spoiler alert; Kappa 800 might disagree but still,,)

My Answer : D

Last edited by docdrizzeally on 12 Jul 2013, 07:49, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2013, 08:56
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Zarrolou wrote:
2)According to a 1990 law, Native American tribes are entitled to artifacts or remains removed from their lands, provided that the tribes can show a direct archaeological, geological, or historical link to the artifacts. Recently, the Umatilla tribes of Oregon and Washington laid claim to a set of skeletal remains more than 500 years old.

Each of the following, if true, strengthens the Umatilla’s claim to the remains EXCEPT:

A)Tools found with the remains are similar to tools known to be used by the ancestors of the Umatilla.
B)DNA evidence from the remains shows a direct link to current members of the Umatilla.
C)The Umatilla claim that the remains of all native peoples deserve the respect of a traditional reburial ceremony.
D)The remains were found in close proximity to an excavation of an ancient Umatilla settlement.
E)The remains were buried with artifacts similar to those found with other Umatilla remains.


It's easy to miss C, as Umatilla cannot make claim on behalf of all natives..if i missed its because c superceded all other choices and i just read them sequentially :0

it's C for Q2. so 1. D, 2.C
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2013, 08:59
Zarrolou wrote:
3)Workshop instructor: Sewing leather is, in many respects, simpler than sewing fabric. For instance, pieces of fabric must be sewn together so that the "bias," the direction in which the fabric stretches most, matches throughout the final product; this consideration is irrelevant for leather. Furthermore, if fabric is not pressed before it is sewn, the final product is liable to "pucker" or to lie unevenly; leather, on the other hand, does not need to be pressed. Nevertheless, it is inadvisable for novice sewers to begin sewing leather until they have mastered the basic skills of sewing using fabric.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the instructor's contention?

A)To be used for sewing leather, most sewing machines must be fitted with a new attachment, which is inexpensive but usually must be purchased separately.
B)Many garments that can be sewn with fabric cannot, for either practical or aesthetic reasons, be sewn with leather.
C)Fabric is available in a much larger variety of weights, colors, and textures than is leather.
D)When stitches are removed, as in the case of errors, they leave permanent, visible perforations in leather but not in fabric.
E)While leather can be stitched in any direction, fabric must be stitched in particular directions to prevent undesirable stretching or wrinkling of the final product.


Source: Various.


One might contend that this in true GMAT fashion was simpler following two tough questions but presumably did not take me downa peg despite answering correctly. !. D, 2. C and 3 E where the leather also displays similar requirements (not properties) as bias in fabric
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 09 Jul 2013, 05:06
Zarrolou wrote:

1)A certain baseball team has just completed its season. In stadiums that seat 20,000 or fewer people, the team averaged 1 “home run” -- a ball hit across the field of play and over the opposing fence, called the outfield wall -- per game. In stadiums that seat between 20,000 and 40,000 people, the team averaged 2 home runs per game. Finally, in stadiums that seat 40,000 or more people, the team averaged 3 home runs per game. Obviously, the excitement of playing in front of large crowds motivated the team to hit more home runs.

Assuming that all stadiums during the season were filled to capacity, which of the following, if true, most undermines the argument above?

A) The team's leading home run hitter hit more home runs in mid-sized stadiums than in large stadiums.
B) The fans in the larger stadiums often cheered against the team.
C) The team averaged only 2 home runs per game when playing in the league’s largest stadium.
D) In order to create seating for the additional fans, the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands.
E) The team’s announcer cited crowd noise as a major motivator for the team.


IMO D

Here we need to find an option that could provide an alternate explanation to the one given in the argument. What if in stadiums that seated more people the distance for a home run is reduced. Option D says that the the outfield walls in the larger stadiums were constructed closer to where the batter stands to accomodate that more people. This undermines the argument correctly.
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 09 Jul 2013, 05:08
Zarrolou wrote:
2)According to a 1990 law, Native American tribes are entitled to artifacts or remains removed from their lands, provided that the tribes can show a direct archaeological, geological, or historical link to the artifacts. Recently, the Umatilla tribes of Oregon and Washington laid claim to a set of skeletal remains more than 500 years old.

Each of the following, if true, strengthens the Umatilla’s claim to the remains EXCEPT:

A)Tools found with the remains are similar to tools known to be used by the ancestors of the Umatilla.
B)DNA evidence from the remains shows a direct link to current members of the Umatilla.
C)The Umatilla claim that the remains of all native peoples deserve the respect of a traditional reburial ceremony.
D)The remains were found in close proximity to an excavation of an ancient Umatilla settlement.
E)The remains were buried with artifacts similar to those found with other Umatilla remains.


IMO C

All options except C strengthens the tribal's claims. Option D does not provide any reasoning at all and is irrelevant.
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Re: Verbal Challenge CR I [#permalink] New post 09 Jul 2013, 05:13
Zarrolou wrote:
3)Workshop instructor: Sewing leather is, in many respects, simpler than sewing fabric. For instance, pieces of fabric must be sewn together so that the "bias," the direction in which the fabric stretches most, matches throughout the final product; this consideration is irrelevant for leather. Furthermore, if fabric is not pressed before it is sewn, the final product is liable to "pucker" or to lie unevenly; leather, on the other hand, does not need to be pressed. Nevertheless, it is inadvisable for novice sewers to begin sewing leather until they have mastered the basic skills of sewing using fabric.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the instructor's contention?

A)To be used for sewing leather, most sewing machines must be fitted with a new attachment, which is inexpensive but usually must be purchased separately.
B)Many garments that can be sewn with fabric cannot, for either practical or aesthetic reasons, be sewn with leather.
C)Fabric is available in a much larger variety of weights, colors, and textures than is leather.
D)When stitches are removed, as in the case of errors, they leave permanent, visible perforations in leather but not in fabric.
E)While leather can be stitched in any direction, fabric must be stitched in particular directions to prevent undesirable stretching or wrinkling of the final product.


Source: Various.


IMO D

Since a novice who is learning the art of stitching is prone to commit errors, he/she may want to redo the whole thing. In leather this will result in permanent stich marks. However redone stitches in fabric will not have visible perforations.
Re: Verbal Challenge CR I   [#permalink] 09 Jul 2013, 05:13
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