Most present-day people would be shocked to learn that, in the early twentieth century, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed pink clothes primarily
to boys and blue clothes mainly to girls.
In A and E the pronoun "they" has no reference, as the word "people" does not appear in the sentence.
Option D learn when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers
seems to suggest (be very literal) : "learn WHEN this thing happened" (the modifier "when" seems to modify the action, giving a time frame).
In C the misplaced modifier "in the 20th century" refers to the verb "learn"learn, in the early twentieth century when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers,
and "primarily pink" indicates that the clothing was primarily (or mostly) pink.OA: B.
_________________________________For all their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between cities of different sizes, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, often
shine an unfairly harsh light on small towns, in which a single incident can cause such figures to skyrocket.
In option B "despite" must be followed by a noun or a noun phrase, in option C "different sized cities" is incorrect as an adj "different" CANNOT modify another adjective "sized" (and adverb should be used).
Option D is not a sentence, as "per-capita statistics" has no verb, just modifiers.
Option E is incorrect because "For their usefulness" does not have the same meaning as the idiom "for all their usefulness".OA: A.
A recent report from the Bureau of Justice states although only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, approximately one out of every thirty two Americans are either in prison or on parole or probation.
The verb "states" here should be followed by "that": A and E are incorrect.
B and C are out on subject-verb agreement: "one out of (...)" "is" and not "are.OA: D.
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