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Verbal Challenge SC I

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Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2013, 03:50
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Hi guys! This is a set of 3 SC Questions part of the "Verbal Challenge".

Click here for the OAs and the OEs: verbal-challenge-sc-i-157051-20.html#p1253482.

1)Most present-day people would be shocked to learn that, in the early twentieth century, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed pink clothes primarily to boys and blue clothes mainly to girls.

A)learn that, in the early twentieth century, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed pink clothes primarily
B)learn that, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers in the early twentieth century, pink clothes were marketed primarily
C)learn, in the early twentieth century when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, that primarily pink clothes were marketed
D)learn when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, in the early twentieth century, pink clothes, which were marketed primarily
E)learn, in the early twentieth century, that when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed primarily pink clothes

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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2013, 03:52
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2)For all their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between cities of different sizes, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, often shine an unfairly harsh light on small towns, in which a single incident can cause such figures to skyrocket.
A)For all their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between cities of different sizes, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, often
B)Despite they are useful in facilitating comparisons between differently sized cities, per-capita statistics, and especially crime rates, often
C)Because they are quite useful in facilitating comparisons between different sized cities, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, can often
D)Quite useful when facilitating comparisons between differently sized cities, per-capita statistics, and especially crime rates, which frequently
E)For their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between different sized cities, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, frequently

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Last edited by Zarrolou on 31 Jul 2013, 04:09, edited 2 times in total.
Changed question, already discussed.
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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2013, 03:56
3)A recent report from the Bureau of Justice states although only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, approximately one out of every thirty two Americans are either in prison or on parole or probation.
A)although only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, approximately one out of every thirty two Americans are either in prison or on parole or probation.
B)that while less than a percent of the American population is in prison, one out of every thirty two Americans are either in prison, on parole, or on probation.
C)that although less than one out of every one hundred American people are in prison, more than three percent of Americans are either in prison, on parole, or on probation.
D)that while only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, one out of every thirty two Americans is either in prison, on parole, or on probation.
E)while only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, one out of every thirty two Americans is either in prison, on parole, or probation.

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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2013, 04:06
Zarrolou wrote:
Hi guys! This is a set of 3 SC Questions part of the "Verbal Challenge".

The OA as well as the explanations will be out in 4-5 days, Kudos to correct explanations!

1)Most present-day people would be shocked to learn that, in the early twentieth century, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed pink clothes primarily to boys and blue clothes mainly to girls.

A)learn that, in the early twentieth century, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed pink clothes primarily
B)learn that, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers in the early twentieth century, pink clothes were marketed primarily
C)learn, in the early twentieth century when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, that primarily pink clothes were marketed
D)learn when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, in the early twentieth century, pink clothes, which were marketed primarily
E)learn, in the early twentieth century, that when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed primarily pink clothes


IMO A.

the verb learn should be followed by that to convene the meaning properly. This rules out C,D and E.
In B the when clause is a misplaced modifier..
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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2013, 04:20
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Zarrolou wrote:
3)A recent report from the Bureau of Justice states although only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, approximately one out of every thirty two Americans are either in prison or on parole or probation.
A)although only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, approximately one out of every thirty two Americans are either in prison or on parole or probation.
B)that while less than a percent of the American population is in prison, one out of every thirty two Americans are either in prison, on parole, or on probation.
C)that although less than one out of every one hundred American people are in prison, more than three percent of Americans are either in prison, on parole, or on probation.
D)that while only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, one out of every thirty two Americans is either in prison, on parole, or on probation.
E)while only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, one out of every thirty two Americans is either in prison, on parole, or probation.



IMO D.

First part of the sentence would require "that'" after "states" to correctly convene the meaning., Therefore A and E are incorrect.
C changes the meaning.
In B, " one out of every thirty two American" requires the verb to be "is" and not are.
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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2013, 04:23
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Zarrolou wrote:
2)For all their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between cities of different sizes, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, often shine an unfairly harsh light on small towns, in which a single incident can cause such figures to skyrocket.
A)For all their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between cities of different sizes, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, often
B)Despite they are useful in facilitating comparisons between differently sized cities, per-capita statistics, and especially crime rates, often
C)Because they are quite useful in facilitating comparisons between different sized cities, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, can often
D)Quite useful when facilitating comparisons between differently sized cities, per-capita statistics, and especially crime rates, which frequently
E)For their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between different sized cities, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, frequently


IMO A.

B - "Despite they are" is incorrect.
C - "different sized cities" should be differently sized cities.
D - No working verb in the sentence. Its a run on sentence.
E - "different sized cities" should be differently sized cities.
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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2013, 04:34
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Zarrolou wrote:
1)Most present-day people would be shocked to learn that, in the early twentieth century, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed pink clothes primarily to boys and blue clothes mainly to girls.

A)learn that, in the early twentieth century, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed pink clothes primarily
B)learn that, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers in the early twentieth century, pink clothes were marketed primarily
C)learn, in the early twentieth century when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, that primarily pink clothes were marketed
D)learn when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, in the early twentieth century, pink clothes, which were marketed primarily
E)learn, in the early twentieth century, that when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed primarily pink clothes


IMO B

A)learn that, in the early twentieth century, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed pink clothes primarily===>pronoun THEY doesnt have a referrent
B)learn that, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers in the early twentieth century, pink clothes were marketed primarily==>correct
C)learn, in the early twentieth century when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, that primarily pink clothes were marketed===>highlited portion breaks the parallelism....correct parallelism is : primary to boys....mainly to girls.
D)learn when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, in the early twentieth century, pink clothes, which were marketed primarily==>awkward wordy construction////learn when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers pink clothes==>doesnt makes sense.
E)learn, in the early twentieth century, that when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed primarily pink clothes==>misplaced modifier and pronoun THEY DOESNT have a referrent.

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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2013, 04:34
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1)Most present-day people would be shocked to learn that, in the early twentieth century, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed pink clothes primarily to boys and blue clothes mainly to girls.
A)learn that, in the early twentieth century, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed pink clothes primarily
There is no Antecedent for THEY (Who marketed pink clothes?). Moreover, this option is a Run-on . Thus Incorrect

B)learn that, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers in the early twentieth century, pink clothes were marketed primarily
Correct

C)learn, in the early twentieth century when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, that primarily pink clothes were marketed
Placement of "Primarily" changes the meaning of the sentence. In this option, it conveys the meaning that "Mainly Pink colored clothes were marketed to Boys. But other color clothes were also sold to boys." thus Incorrect
Original Intent - Boys were the main target segment for Pink color clothes.


D)learn when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, in the early twentieth century, pink clothes, which were marketed primarily
People did not learn about X when clothing was distributed. This sentence is a FRAGMENT as there is not verb after "Pink clothes". In addition too many modifiers are placed together. Thus Incorrect

E)learn, in the early twentieth century, that when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed primarily pink clothes
There is no Antecedent for THEY (Who marketed pink clothes?). Moreover, this option is a Run-on . Thus Incorrect

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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2013, 04:39
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3)A recent report from the Bureau of Justice states although only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, approximately one out of every thirty two Americans are either in prison or on parole or probation.
A)although only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, approximately one out of every thirty two Americans are either in prison or on parole or probation.
One out of X construction must take Singular verb "IS". Absence of THAT, in the beginning, creates Run-on sentence. Thus Incorrect

B)that while less than a percent of the American population is in prison, one out of every thirty two Americans are either in prison, on parole, or on probation.
One out of X construction must take Singular verb "IS". Thus Incorrect

C)that although less than one out of every one hundred American people are in prison, more than three percent of Americans are either in prison, on parole, or on probation.
One out of X construction must take Singular verb "IS". MORE THAN changes the intent of the sentence. Thus Incorrect

D)that while only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, one out of every thirty two Americans is either in prison, on parole, or on probation.
CORRECT

E)while only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, one out of every thirty two Americans is either in prison, on parole, or probation.
Absence of THAT, in the beginning, creates Run-on sentence. Thus Incorrect

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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2013, 04:55
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2)For all their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between cities of different sizes, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, often shine an unfairly harsh light on small towns, in which a single incident can cause such figures to skyrocket.
Crime rates help in facilitating comparisons between cities of different sizes, but Per-capita statistics especially crime rates often shine an unfairly harsh light on small towns, in which a single incident can cause such figures to skyrocket. - A simple version of the sentence in which meaning & intent is clear.

A)For all their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between cities of different sizes, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, often
CORRECT

B)Despite they are useful in facilitating comparisons between differently sized cities, per-capita statistics, and especially crime rates, often
"cities of different sizes" is better than "differently sized cities". Moreover, use of AND changes the focus of the sentence. Thus Incorrect

C)Because they are quite useful in facilitating comparisons between different sized cities, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, can often
"cities of different sizes" is better than "differently sized cities". Moreover, CAN is incorrect as it shifts the focus from Truth to Ability. Thus Incorrect

D)Quite useful when facilitating comparisons between differently sized cities, per-capita statistics, and especially crime rates, which frequently
"cities of different sizes" is better than "differently sized cities". Moreover, This option is both a Fragment (because there is no verb after "especially crime rates") & a Run-on (because 2 independent clause are connected by a COMMA {Comma Splice} - Quite useful.....cities + Comma + per-capita statistics....skyrocket). Thus Incorrect

E)For their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between different sized cities, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, frequently
"cities of different sizes" is better than "differently sized cities". Thus Incorrect

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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2013, 05:26
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Zarrolou wrote:
For all their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between cities of different sizes, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, often shine an unfairly harsh light on small towns, in which a single incident can cause such figures to skyrocket.
A)For all their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between cities of different sizes, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, often
B)Despite they are useful in facilitating comparisons between differently sized cities, per-capita statistics, and especially crime rates, often
C)Because they are quite useful in facilitating comparisons between different sized cities, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, can often
D)Quite useful when facilitating comparisons between differently sized cities, per-capita statistics, and especially crime rates, which frequently
E)For their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between different sized cities, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, frequently


lets analyze the sentence:
For all their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between cities of different sizes
==>this is the modifier DESCRIBING PER CAPITA STATISTICS,
especially crime rates===>THIS IS ONE EXAMPLE OF PER CAPITA STATISTICS...so it must be between the commas touching PER CAPITA STATS.AS CORRECTLY PRESENT IN THE ORGINAL SENTENCE.
PER CAPITA STATS often SHINE an unfairly harsh light on small towns, in which a single incident can cause such figures to skyrocket.
PER CAPITA STATS==>PLURAL SUBJECT
SHINE==>VERB(PLURAL)
so all sub-verb agree in number
pronoun THEIR correctly refers to PER CAPITA STATS
modifier is correctly placed.
example of per capita stats ==>especially crime rates...correctly placed between the commas.
hence the original as such has no errors.

lets analyze options:

A)For all their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between cities of different sizes, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, often
correct as explained above

B)Despite they are useful in facilitating comparisons between differently sized cities, per-capita statistics, and especially crime rates, often==>use of AND before the especially crime rates makes it wrong

C)Because they are quite useful in facilitating comparisons between different sized cities, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, can often
use of because ...can ..changes the meaning//moreover different sized cities==little awkward..it should be cities of different sizes

D)Quite useful when facilitating comparisons between differently sized cities, per-capita statistics, and especially crime rates, which frequently
use of WHEN changes the meaning...it should be IN
Use of and before especially crime rates ==>incorrect

because of the presence of WHICH ...sub PER CAPITA STATS doesnt have a verb AND hence a fragment.

E)For their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between different sized cities, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, frequently
this was the second contender....but cities of different sizes is better than different sized cities.


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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2013, 05:33
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A recent report from the Bureau of Justice states although only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, approximately one out of every thirty two Americans are either in prison or on parole or probation.

A)although only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, approximately one out of every thirty two Americans are either in prison or on parole or probation. ==>THAT is missing////sub -verb doesnt agree in number

B)that while less than a percent of the American population is in prison, one out of every thirty two Americans are either in prison, on parole, or on probation.==>sub -verb DOESNT AGREE NUMBER

C)that although less than one out of every one hundred American people are in prison, more than three percent of Americans are either in prison, on parole, or on probation.===>LESS THAN ONE DOESNT MAKES SENSE.

D)that while only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, one out of every thirty two Americans is either in prison, on parole, or on probation.==>CORRECT

E)while only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, one out of every thirty two Americans is either in prison, on parole, or probation.==>THAT is missing.....incorrect use of EITHER X ..OR Y

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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 02 Aug 2013, 02:08
1)Most present-day people would be shocked to learn that, in the early twentieth century, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed pink clothes primarily to boys and blue clothes mainly to girls.

A)learn that, in the early twentieth century, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed pink clothes primarily
B)learn that, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers in the early twentieth century, pink clothes were marketed primarily
C)learn, in the early twentieth century when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, that primarily pink clothes were marketed
D)learn when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, in the early twentieth century, pink clothes, which were marketed primarily
E)learn, in the early twentieth century, that when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed primarily pink clothes
[/quote]


A and E - they does not have clear antecedent..it seems they refer to consumers which is not the intended meaning.
D and B usage of when is wrong..

answer should be C as when clearly modifies twentieth century

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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 02 Aug 2013, 03:24
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1)Most present-day people would be shocked to learn that, in the early twentieth century, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed pink clothes primarily to boys and blue clothes mainly to girls.

CORRECT Answer : B
A)learn that, in the early twentieth century, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed pink clothes primarily --- They has no reference. Incorrect
B)learn that, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers in the early twentieth century, pink clothes were marketed primarily -- Correct. Use of "That". Modifier correctly placed
C)learn, in the early twentieth century when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, that primarily pink clothes were marketed - Misplaced modifier.
D)learn when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, in the early twentieth century, pink clothes, which were marketed primarily --- "That" is needed. Incorrect
E)learn, in the early twentieth century, that when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed primarily pink clothes --- They has no reference. Incorrect.
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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 02 Aug 2013, 03:24
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2)For all their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between cities of different sizes, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, often shine an unfairly harsh light on small towns, in which a single incident can cause such figures to skyrocket.

CORRECT Answer : A
A)For all their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between cities of different sizes, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, often. ---- Correct. contrast is highlighted corrected. "especially crime rate" correctly refers as a subset of per-capita statistic
B)Despite they are useful in facilitating comparisons between differently sized cities, per-capita statistics, and especially crime rates, often -- Incorrect. "And especially crime rates" is wrong
C)Because they are quite useful in facilitating comparisons between different sized cities, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, can often -- Incorrect. Contrast is needed
D)Quite useful when facilitating comparisons between differently sized cities, per-capita statistics, and especially crime rates, which frequently -- Incorrect. Contrast is needed. "And especially crime rates" is wrong
E)For their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between different sized cities, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, frequently --- Incorrect. Contrast is needed.
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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 02 Aug 2013, 03:30
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3)A recent report from the Bureau of Justice states although only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, approximately one out of every thirty two Americans are either in prison or on parole or probation.

CORRECT Answer : D
A)although only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, approximately one out of every thirty two Americans are either in prison or on parole or probation. -- Incorrect. "one out of every thirty two Americans are either" should be singular
B)that while less than a percent of the American population is in prison, one out of every thirty two Americans are either in prison, on parole, or on probation.-- Incorrect. "one out of every thirty two Americans are either" should be singular
C)that although less than one out of every one hundred American people are in prison, more than three percent of Americans are either in prison, on parole, or on probation.--- Incorrect. Meaning change
D)that while only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, one out of every thirty two Americans is either in prison, on parole, or on probation. -- Correct. sub-verb correct. Meaning maintained. Either or correctly used
E)while only a fraction of a percent of the American population is in prison, one out of every thirty two Americans is either in prison, on parole, or probation. -- Incorrect. "either in prison or on parole" shouldd be the usage
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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 02 Aug 2013, 06:53
Quote:
1)Most present-day people would be shocked to learn that, in the early twentieth century, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed pink clothes primarily to boys and blue clothes mainly to girls.

A)learn that, in the early twentieth century, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed pink clothes primarily
B)learn that, when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers in the early twentieth century, pink clothes were marketed primarily
C)learn, in the early twentieth century when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, that primarily pink clothes were marketed
D)learn when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, in the early twentieth century, pink clothes, which were marketed primarily
E)learn, in the early twentieth century, that when colored baby clothing was first widely distributed to North American consumers, they marketed primarily pink clothes


IMO answer is B
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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 02 Aug 2013, 07:21
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Zarrolou wrote:
2)For all their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between cities of different sizes, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, often shine an unfairly harsh light on small towns, in which a single incident can cause such figures to skyrocket.
A)For all their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between cities of different sizes, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, often
B)Despite they are useful in facilitating comparisons between differently sized cities, per-capita statistics, and especially crime rates, often
C)Because they are quite useful in facilitating comparisons between different sized cities, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, can often
D)Quite useful when facilitating comparisons between differently sized cities, per-capita statistics, and especially crime rates, which frequently
E)For their usefulness in facilitating comparisons between different sized cities, per-capita statistics, especially crime rates, frequently


Between A & E - phrase cities of different sizes (A) expresses better than different sized cities (E). Also E does not have all (Not sure on this one)

IMO answer is A
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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2013, 07:34
Here are my choices

1. B)
2. A)
3. A)
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Re: Verbal Challenge SC I [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2013, 22:14
Here are my choices

1. A)
2. A)
3. D)
Re: Verbal Challenge SC I   [#permalink] 04 Aug 2013, 22:14
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