Note: The numbers in the middle of the passage denote line numbers in the original version.
Literary journals in England were not a native development, but were copied, like the fashions and artistic norms of that period, from the French. The famous and long-lived _Journal des Sçavans_ was begun at Paris in 1665 by M. Denis de Sallo, who has been called, since the time of Voltaire, the "inventor" of 5.literary journals. In 1684. Pierre Bayle began at Amsterdam the publication of _Nouvelles de la République des Lettres_, which continued under various hands until 1718. These French periodicals were the acknowledged inspiration for similar ventures in England, beginning in 1682 with the _Weekly Memorial for the Ingenious: or an Account of Books lately set forth in Several 10. Languages, with some other Curious Novelties relating to Arts and Sciences_. The preface stated the intention of the publishers to notice foreign as well as domestic works, and to transcribe the "curious novelties" from the _Journal des Sçavans_. Fifty weekly numbers appeared (1682-83), consisting principally of translations of the best articles in the French journal.
15. A few years later (1686), the Genevan theologian, Jean Le Clerc, then a resident of London, established the _Universal Historical Bibliothèque; or, an Account of most of the Considerable Books printed in All Languages_, which was continued by various hands until 1693 in a series of twenty-five quarto volumes. Contemporary with this review was a 20. number of similar publications which had for the most part a brief existence. Among them was the _Athenian Mercury_, published on Tuesdays and Saturdays (1691-1696), the _History of Learning_, which appeared for a short time in 1691 and again in 1694; _Works of the Learned_ (1691-92); the _Young Student's Library_ (1692) and its continuation, 25. the _Compleat Library_ (1692-94); _Memoirs for the Ingenious_ (1693); _Universal Mercury_ (1694) and _Miscellaneous Letters, etc._ (1694-96). Samuel Parkes includes among the reviews of this period Sir Thomas Pope Blount's remarkable _Censura Celebrium Authorum_ (1690). That popular bibliographical dictionary of criticism (reprinted 1694,
30. 1710 and 1718) is only remembered now for its omission of Shakespeare, Spenser, Jonson and Milton from its list of "celebrated authors." Neither that volume nor the same author's _De Re Poetica_ (1694) finds a proper place in a list of periodicals. They should be grouped with such works as Phillips' _Theatrum Poetarum_ (1675) and Langbaine's _Account of the English Dramatic Poets_ (1691) among the more deliberate attempts 36. at literary criticism.
14. Given the information in the passage, the author is likely to disbelieve which one of the following except?
A. Literary journalism did not originate in London
B. A popular bibliographical dictionary of criticism ignored Shakespeare, Spenser, Johnson, Milton from the list of noted writers
C. The Genevan Laureate Clerc was responsible for starting a consolidated view of eminent books and other publications in England
D. The French literary journalism in the early 17th century helped build up a strong foundation and later it surrendered its initiative to English laureates.
E. Literary Journalism proliferated like mushrooms after rains and perished as fast
A: It is a fact; he is bound to believe it - line No 1.
B: This is mentioned in line No: 28 and 29
C: line No 15. And 16.
D: This happened only in the late 17th century; The author is unlikely to take this argument
E.This is a fact as implied in line NO 19.
15. Which one of the following can most reasonably be inferred from the passage about literary journalism?
A: Literary Journalism is easy to start and easier to sustain
B: Geneva is the birth place of Literary Journalism
C: If a poet is ignored by Censura Celebrium Authorum, he must be illustrious as Shakespeare or Johnson
D: Seventeenth Century was a golden era for literary criticism
E: Censura Celebrium Authorum is more notorious for ……… (Complete the sentence)
A: This cannot be corroborated effectively considering the number of journals that survived for short periods
B: No: It was France
C: It just so happened that the Journal failed to criticize some famous authors such as Shakespeare and Johnson
D: It was not seventeenth century in general, but later half of the 17th and early 18th century, when Literary criticism through journals flourished at its height.
E: This is the correct answer; ----not including such great authors as Shakespeare and Johnson in its list. -----