Violin Makers in Italy : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Violin Makers in Italy

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08 Jul 2013, 12:43
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The antique violins found in the man's attic in northern France were made using the same craftsmanship techniques as those used by Italian violin makers in the 16th century. These techniques are sufficiently complex to make their independent development in both areas unlikely. Since the people of these two areas were in cultural contact, historians hypothesize that the craftsmanship techniques used to make the violin found in the French man's attic were learned by French violin makers from Italian counterparts.

Which of the following would it be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the historians' hypothesis?

(A) Whether violins were traded from Italy to northern France during the sixteenth century
(B) Whether travel between northern France and Italy in the sixteenth century would have been primarily by land or by sea
(C) Whether violin makers from northern France could have learned complex craftsmanship techniques from their Italian counterparts without actually leaving northern France
(D) Whether wood-making tools were used in the sixteenth century villages in northern France
(E) Whether any of the techniques used in the manufacture of the violins found in the northern French man's attic are still practiced among violin makers in Italy today

Sourced from GMAT Pill Platform CR Question
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2013, 20:28
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GMATPill wrote:
The antique violins found in the man's attic in northern France were made using the same craftsmanship techniques as those used by Italian violin makers in the 16th century. These techniques are sufficiently complex to make their independent development in both areas unlikely. Since the people of these two areas were in cultural contact, historians hypothesize that the craftsmanship techniques used to make the violin found in the French man's attic were learned by French violin makers from Italian counterparts.

Which of the following would it be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the historians' hypothesis?

(A) Whether violins were traded from Italy to northern France during the sixteenth century
(B) Whether travel between northern France and Italy in the sixteenth century would have been primarily by land or by sea
(C) Whether violin makers from northern France could have learned complex craftsmanship techniques from their Italian counterparts without actually leaving northern France
(D) Whether wood-making tools were used in the sixteenth century villages in northern France
(E) Whether any of the techniques used in the manufacture of the violins found in the northern French man's attic are still practiced among violin makers in Italy today

Sourced from GMAT Pill Platform CR Question

In this question, it is mentioned that neither of the two i.e. French or Italians could have made the violins independently. Moreover, these two regions were having a cultural contact.
Now here is the punchline, from nowhere the author concludes that " the craftsmanship techniques used to make the violin found in the French man's attic were learned by French violin makers from Italian counterparts" i.e. French were dependent on Italians. HOW?

If there is any reason that can help to prove the punchline correct, then it will be the answer.
Rest all are crap.
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2013, 08:59
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As per Manhattan guide, for evaluation questions the correct answer should offer at least two different “paths,” one that would make the argument stronger and one that would make the argument weaker.

Here A: Whether violins were traded from Italy to northern France during the sixteenth century.

If yes, they were traded during 16th century than French violin makers have not learned anything from Italian counterparts. - weakening the conclusion
If No , then because crafting was complex to make their independent development in both areas, than French violin makers must have learned it from Italian makers.- Strengthening the conclusion

Hope that helps..
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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16 May 2014, 11:14
GMAT Pill rep. Would you please mind sharing with us the OE of this question?

Thanks!
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2014, 00:47
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Major difficulty is between A and E. But here we need to keep in mind that even though italian might have learned some technique from french, it doesnt undermine the probability that the violin design, in question, was learned by the french frm the italians.
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15 Dec 2014, 08:52
karishma,

Could you pls explain this argument & poe.

Regards,
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2016, 10:01
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2016, 01:35
The argument mentions that the independent development of the violins was possible both in France and Italy since there was cultural contact between them. We have to evaluate the credibility of this statement. "A" poses a question whether violins were traded from Italy to northern France during the sixteenth century. If violins were traded, then the independent development wasn't there; but if the violins were not traded, then the conclusion is true. So, this is the only answer which will help analyse the credibility of the argument. In Evaluate questions, we assess an assumption behind the conclusion. So, a "yes" out here weakens the conclusion and a "no" strengthens the conclusion. "B" discusses the means to travel which is irrelevant."C" talks about whether the craftsmanship techniques could be learned without leaving France which is again not relevant." D" is completely off-context and "E" talks about the present day usage which is again off-context.
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2016, 02:32
didn't get the logic behind how option A is the correct one?
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2016, 23:26
The argument states that the independent development in both areas was unlikely. Hence it was concluded that the French violin makers learnt the techniques from their Italian counterparts. So any answer choice which implies that there was interaction between the French and Italians is the answer. Hence as "A" states if violins were traded from Italy to Northern France then it is possible that the techniques need not be learnt but if there was no trade then it is obvious the French learnt the techniques from their Italian counterparts.
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2016, 20:32
Well, I'm not sure about the explanation yet. I find a great deal of difficulty in evaluate questions. I could not convincingly find the answer in any of the 5 choices. However, I'll restrict my question to answer option (A).

The question asks whether the French learned the techniques from Italians. A correct answer option would be framed in such a way that a Yes would favour either French/Italians and a No would favour the other party.

But answer choice A restricts the scope only to trade, which in my opinion does not convincingly offer the explanation. Consider a 'Yes' to answer option (A). i.e. let's say the violins were traded from France to Italy. This could mean that French didn't learn the technique from Italians. So Credit goes to - The French.
But, this could also mean that French as part of cultural exchange, came in contact with Italian violin makers, learned the technique and then produced violins at a mass scale and exported them to Italy (The reason may be anything - better resource availability, cost effective production etc.). So Credit goes to - The Italians.

Thus, from a yes answer, the credit of having invented the technique could go to either the French or the Italians.

Consider a 'No' to the answer option (A). One way to interpret this is that Italians learned the technique first and were self sufficient in violin production, so they didn't need to import it from France. So Credit goes to - The Italians.

The other way to look at it is, though the French invented the technique, they simply didn't export the violins to Italy, for whatsoever reasons (we needn't worry about that here). So Credit goes to - The French.

So, I simply couldn't resolve the ambiguity between the French or Italians through both a Yes/No. Could some expert help me here?

Thanks.
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2016, 08:04
This question is exact copy of a CR question available in OG 13 Diagnostic Test. Only the wording is changed. The position of answerd are even kept the same.

Sent from my GT-N7100 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2016, 21:15
Marcab wrote:
GMATPill wrote:
The antique violins found in the man's attic in northern France were made using the same craftsmanship techniques as those used by Italian violin makers in the 16th century. These techniques are sufficiently complex to make their independent development in both areas unlikely. Since the people of these two areas were in cultural contact, historians hypothesize that the craftsmanship techniques used to make the violin found in the French man's attic were learned by French violin makers from Italian counterparts.

Which of the following would it be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the historians' hypothesis?

(A) Whether violins were traded from Italy to northern France during the sixteenth century
(B) Whether travel between northern France and Italy in the sixteenth century would have been primarily by land or by sea
(C) Whether violin makers from northern France could have learned complex craftsmanship techniques from their Italian counterparts without actually leaving northern France
(D) Whether wood-making tools were used in the sixteenth century villages in northern France
(E) Whether any of the techniques used in the manufacture of the violins found in the northern French man's attic are still practiced among violin makers in Italy today

Sourced from GMAT Pill Platform CR Question

In this question, it is mentioned that neither of the two i.e. French or Italians could have made the violins independently. Moreover, these two regions were having a cultural contact.
Now here is the punchline, from nowhere the author concludes that " the craftsmanship techniques used to make the violin found in the French man's attic were learned by French violin makers from Italian counterparts" i.e. French were dependent on Italians. HOW?

If there is any reason that can help to prove the punchline correct, then it will be the answer.
Rest all are crap.

But then how is C wrong in this case? It also does the same thing right??
WHat powerscore has taught us that we go ahead with Yes and No answers to see the impact on the conclusion of the statement. BOTH A and C are doing the same thing.
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2017, 21:42
Keats wrote:
This question is exact copy of a CR question available in OG 13 Diagnostic Test. Only the wording is changed. The position of answerd are even kept the same.

Sent from my GT-N7100 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app

which question number you are refereeing in OG 13 Diagnostic Test.
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2017, 22:02
AmritaSarkar89 wrote:
Marcab wrote:
GMATPill wrote:
The antique violins found in the man's attic in northern France were made using the same craftsmanship techniques as those used by Italian violin makers in the 16th century. These techniques are sufficiently complex to make their independent development in both areas unlikely. Since the people of these two areas were in cultural contact, historians hypothesize that the craftsmanship techniques used to make the violin found in the French man's attic were learned by French violin makers from Italian counterparts.

Which of the following would it be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the historians' hypothesis?

(A) Whether violins were traded from Italy to northern France during the sixteenth century
(B) Whether travel between northern France and Italy in the sixteenth century would have been primarily by land or by sea
(C) Whether violin makers from northern France could have learned complex craftsmanship techniques from their Italian counterparts without actually leaving northern France
(D) Whether wood-making tools were used in the sixteenth century villages in northern France
(E) Whether any of the techniques used in the manufacture of the violins found in the northern French man's attic are still practiced among violin makers in Italy today

Sourced from GMAT Pill Platform CR Question

In this question, it is mentioned that neither of the two i.e. French or Italians could have made the violins independently. Moreover, these two regions were having a cultural contact.
Now here is the punchline, from nowhere the author concludes that " the craftsmanship techniques used to make the violin found in the French man's attic were learned by French violin makers from Italian counterparts" i.e. French were dependent on Italians. HOW?

If there is any reason that can help to prove the punchline correct, then it will be the answer.
Rest all are crap.

But then how is C wrong in this case? It also does the same thing right??
WHat powerscore has taught us that we go ahead with Yes and No answers to see the impact on the conclusion of the statement. BOTH A and C are doing the same thing.

conclusion :- craftsmanship techniques were learned by French violin makers from Italian counterparts

C ) Whether violin makers from northern France could have learned complex craftsmanship techniques from their Italian counterparts without actually leaving northern France

Ok now Yes and no
Yes and No .....in both cases conclusion is valid ......craftsmanship techniques were learned by French violin makers from Italian counterparts
yes they can learn from their Italian counterparts without actually leaving northern France...... still corrct that learned by French violin makers from Italian counterparts
No they can not learn from their Italian counterparts without actually leaving northern France...... still corrct that learned by French violin makers from Italian counterparts
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2017, 23:56
The antique violins found in the man's attic in northern France were made using the same craftsmanship techniques as those used by Italian violin makers in the 16th century.

historians hypothesize that the craftsmanship techniques used to make the violin found in the French man's attic were learned by French violin makers from Italian counterparts.

Which of the following would it be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the historians' hypothesis?

(A) Whether violins were traded from Italy to northern France during the sixteenth century..........if they are traded, then it is not must to learn the technique and vice versa.

(B) Whether travel between northern France and Italy in the sixteenth century would have been primarily by land or by sea.................it does not matter the route of trade.

(C) Whether violin makers from northern France could have learned complex craftsmanship techniques from their Italian counterparts without actually leaving northern France.......whether makers left the office or not for learning is out of concern. They can travel, learn and be back as well.

(D) Whether wood-making tools were used in the sixteenth century villages in northern France...........out of scope

(E) Whether any of the techniques used in the manufacture of the violins found in the northern French man's attic are still practiced among violin makers in Italy today................how they did in the past is our concern not whether they are continuing till now.
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy   [#permalink] 03 Jan 2017, 23:56
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