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Violin Makers in Italy

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Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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The antique violins found in the man's attic in northern France were made using the same craftsmanship techniques as those used by Italian violin makers in the 16th century. These techniques are sufficiently complex to make their independent development in both areas unlikely. Since the people of these two areas were in cultural contact, historians hypothesize that the craftsmanship techniques used to make the violin found in the French man's attic were learned by French violin makers from Italian counterparts.

Which of the following would it be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the historians' hypothesis?

(A) Whether violins were traded from Italy to northern France during the sixteenth century
(B) Whether travel between northern France and Italy in the sixteenth century would have been primarily by land or by sea
(C) Whether violin makers from northern France could have learned complex craftsmanship techniques from their Italian counterparts without actually leaving northern France
(D) Whether wood-making tools were used in the sixteenth century villages in northern France
(E) Whether any of the techniques used in the manufacture of the violins found in the northern French man's attic are still practiced among violin makers in Italy today

Sourced from GMAT Pill Platform CR Question
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2013, 21:28
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GMATPill wrote:
The antique violins found in the man's attic in northern France were made using the same craftsmanship techniques as those used by Italian violin makers in the 16th century. These techniques are sufficiently complex to make their independent development in both areas unlikely. Since the people of these two areas were in cultural contact, historians hypothesize that the craftsmanship techniques used to make the violin found in the French man's attic were learned by French violin makers from Italian counterparts.

Which of the following would it be most useful to establish in order to evaluate the historians' hypothesis?

(A) Whether violins were traded from Italy to northern France during the sixteenth century
(B) Whether travel between northern France and Italy in the sixteenth century would have been primarily by land or by sea
(C) Whether violin makers from northern France could have learned complex craftsmanship techniques from their Italian counterparts without actually leaving northern France
(D) Whether wood-making tools were used in the sixteenth century villages in northern France
(E) Whether any of the techniques used in the manufacture of the violins found in the northern French man's attic are still practiced among violin makers in Italy today

Sourced from GMAT Pill Platform CR Question


In this question, it is mentioned that neither of the two i.e. French or Italians could have made the violins independently. Moreover, these two regions were having a cultural contact.
Now here is the punchline, from nowhere the author concludes that " the craftsmanship techniques used to make the violin found in the French man's attic were learned by French violin makers from Italian counterparts" i.e. French were dependent on Italians. HOW?

If there is any reason that can help to prove the punchline correct, then it will be the answer.
Try answering answer choice a with YES.
Rest all are crap.
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2013, 09:59
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Answer:A,
As per Manhattan guide, for evaluation questions the correct answer should offer at least two different “paths,” one that would make the argument stronger and one that would make the argument weaker.

Here A: Whether violins were traded from Italy to northern France during the sixteenth century.

If yes, they were traded during 16th century than French violin makers have not learned anything from Italian counterparts. - weakening the conclusion
If No , then because crafting was complex to make their independent development in both areas, than French violin makers must have learned it from Italian makers.- Strengthening the conclusion

Hope that helps..
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2014, 12:14
GMAT Pill rep. Would you please mind sharing with us the OE of this question?

Thanks!
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2014, 01:47
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Major difficulty is between A and E. But here we need to keep in mind that even though italian might have learned some technique from french, it doesnt undermine the probability that the violin design, in question, was learned by the french frm the italians.
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Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2014, 09:52
karishma,

Could you pls explain this argument & poe.

Regards,
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2016, 02:35
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The argument mentions that the independent development of the violins was possible both in France and Italy since there was cultural contact between them. We have to evaluate the credibility of this statement. "A" poses a question whether violins were traded from Italy to northern France during the sixteenth century. If violins were traded, then the independent development wasn't there; but if the violins were not traded, then the conclusion is true. So, this is the only answer which will help analyse the credibility of the argument. In Evaluate questions, we assess an assumption behind the conclusion. So, a "yes" out here weakens the conclusion and a "no" strengthens the conclusion. "B" discusses the means to travel which is irrelevant."C" talks about whether the craftsmanship techniques could be learned without leaving France which is again not relevant." D" is completely off-context and "E" talks about the present day usage which is again off-context.
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2016, 03:32
didn't get the logic behind how option A is the correct one?
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2016, 00:26
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The argument states that the independent development in both areas was unlikely. Hence it was concluded that the French violin makers learnt the techniques from their Italian counterparts. So any answer choice which implies that there was interaction between the French and Italians is the answer. Hence as "A" states if violins were traded from Italy to Northern France then it is possible that the techniques need not be learnt but if there was no trade then it is obvious the French learnt the techniques from their Italian counterparts.
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Re: Violin Makers in Italy   [#permalink] 24 Jan 2016, 00:26
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