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Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in

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Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2007, 10:31
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Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from Johns Hopkins University.
A) who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became
B) having had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds to become
C) who, having no formal medical training, he struggled against overwhelming odds in becoming
D) who, having had no formal medical training and struggled against overwhelming odds, became
E) who had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become


Please explain why an answer is wrong.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2007, 10:42
bmwhype2 wrote:
Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from Johns Hopkins University.
A) who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became
B) having had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds to become
C) who, having no formal medical training, he struggled against overwhelming odds in becoming
D) who, having had no formal medical training and struggled against overwhelming odds, became
E) who had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become


Please explain why an answer is wrong.


"Who had " correctly modifies Vivian Thomas.
> eliminates B,C,D

A has tense problem - "had'..."struggling"

E is my pick
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Re: Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2007, 10:46
A) who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became
B) having had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds to become
C) who, having no formal medical training, he struggled against overwhelming odds in becoming
D) who, having had no formal medical training and struggled against overwhelming odds, became
E) who had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become <-- CORRECT
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Re: Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2007, 11:40
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Vivien Thomas, who ...(non defining clause), struggled against overwhelming odds to become X and eventually to receive X.

Furthermore, when you recognize the correct structure of the sentence you know it must be (B) or (E), since both have the correct 'to become', and voilà you have the 2-3 split! (E) is the correct answer. Cheers
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Re: Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2007, 11:46
good explanations...the OA is E.
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Re: Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in [#permalink] New post 29 Jun 2007, 13:59
OA is E.

Vivien Thomas, who had no formal training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from JHU.
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Re: Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2012, 21:45
Expert's post
Could the answer choice D become a good contender if it were, "who, having had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become......."?

Verbal experts, need help.
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Re: Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in [#permalink] New post 17 Feb 2013, 05:05
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Marcab wrote:
Could the answer choice D become a good contender if it were, "who, having had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become......."?

Verbal experts, need help.


Though i m not an expert but below is my take on this:

there is no verb for main sub Vivien Thomas.
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Re: Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in [#permalink] New post 17 Feb 2013, 12:14
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If option D was modified as mentioned, then the structure of the sentence would become

Subject, non essential modifier, descriptive clause.

There would be no main verb as sujit2k7 mentioned.

Marcab wrote:
Could the answer choice D become a good contender if it were, "who, having had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become......."?

Verbal experts, need help.
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Re: Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2014, 11:30
Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from Johns Hopkins University.
A) who had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds, he became
Subject,modifier,modifier,Subject is awkward.
B) having had no formal medical training, in struggling against overwhelming odds to become
Sentence fragment with two back to back modifiers
C) who, having no formal medical training, he struggled against overwhelming odds in becoming
Subject who he struggled is awkward.
D) who, having had no formal medical training and struggled against overwhelming odds, became
Sentence fragment
E) who had no formal medical training, struggled against overwhelming odds to become
Correct
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Re: Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in [#permalink] New post 02 Dec 2015, 00:04
Option "D" is a run on sentence - look at this : :idea:

Vivien Thomas,who, having had no formal medical training and struggled against overwhelming odds, became a cardiac surgeon and eventually to receive an honorary doctorate from Johns Hopkins University.

The sentence is not complete. Also " and eventually to receive " is not parallel. It should be "became a cardiac surgeon and received" OR as in option "E" .
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Re: Vivien Thomas, who had no formal medical training, in   [#permalink] 02 Dec 2015, 00:04
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