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vveaken -Farmers in developing countries claim that the Unit

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vveaken -Farmers in developing countries claim that the Unit [#permalink] New post 21 Jul 2012, 09:17
This is a vveaken question I need an approach to ensure that the ansvver is righ
2) VVHy is C and E irrelavnt to the ansvver
3) Hovv can D be the ansvver

Please explain the assumption here - need help from an expert here please


Farmers in developing countries claim that the United States government, through farm subsidies, is responsible for the artificially low global price of wheat. Because the U.S. government buys whatever wheat American farmers
are unable to sell on the open market, American farmers have no incentive to modulate the size of their crops according to the needs of the global market.

As a result, American farmers routinely produce more wheat than the
global market can absorb and the global price of wheat is kept low. Without these subsidies, the farmers in developing economies claim, American farmers would produce only the amount of wheat that they could sell on
the open market and the global price of wheat would rise. Which of the following, if true, most weakens the claims of the farmers in developing countries regarding the price of wheat?



• Wheat that is not processed for consumption is often used for certain industrial applications.
• Non-governmental buyers of wheat and wheat products are able to predict how much wheat they will need several years in advance.
• The United States government offers similar subsidies to soybean farmers, though the global price of soybeans is significantly higher than that of wheat.


• Other countries, such as Canada and Russia, are likely to produce more wheat if the United States were to reduce its output.

• The price of sorghum, a crop for which the United States government offers no subsidies, is lower than that of wheat.
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Re: vveaken -Farmers in developing countries claim that the Unit [#permalink] New post 21 Jul 2012, 11:29
Expert's post
The farmers in developing countries argue that US subsidies lead to a global surplus of wheat that keeps the price of wheat artificially low. D is a weaken because it presents evidence that the global supply of wheat would not be any lower without these subsidies. According to D, if the US dropped its subsidies and US farmers therefore reduced their production, other countries would simply increase their wheat production. Therefore, the subsidy cannot readily be blamed for the low price of wheat. If we want to dig deeper, we might also conclude that there must be demand for this wheat if other countries are ready to step up their supply. However, this doesn't need to be true--we simply need to know that the US subsidies are not creating a situation that would otherwise not exist.

C and E don't matter because they only talk about the absolute prices of soybeans and sorghum, without any comparison to what they would be if subsidies were removed or added. Imagine that I said this: "When I went car shopping, I was wearing a designer suit. I think the car dealer overcharged me because I appeared wealthy." Now imagine that my brother responded like this: "But the other day when I bought an iPod, I was wearing a similar suit, and I paid much less for my iPod than you did for your car." His response is silly, right? He paid less for the iPod because iPods are less valuable than cars (at least, in most cases). Just knowing that one value is more or less than the other tells us nothing about the effect of our appearance. Did I pay too much? Did my brother? We'll only know if we look at what someone less nicely dressed paid for the same item. Similarly, in the case of the crops in our original argument, just knowing that one value is more or less than the other tells us nothing about the effect of subsidies. Maybe the price of sorghum is low because it is cheap to produce, or because it is not in high demand.

By the way, I notice that you are using two v's in place of the letter w. Those are not the same thing! It's weaken, not vveaken . . .

I hope this helps! Let me know if I can elaborate on any of the above.
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Re: vveaken -Farmers in developing countries claim that the Unit [#permalink] New post 21 Jul 2012, 14:35
Dmitry

Brilliant explanation .. Thanks.. Appreciate it..

Sorry but I just lost the w from my keyboard ... so I use a vv .. though it still vvorked i mean worked :)

Thanks a ton

DmitryFarber wrote:
The farmers in developing countries argue that US subsidies lead to a global surplus of wheat that keeps the price of wheat artificially low. D is a weaken because it presents evidence that the global supply of wheat would not be any lower without these subsidies. According to D, if the US dropped its subsidies and US farmers therefore reduced their production, other countries would simply increase their wheat production. Therefore, the subsidy cannot readily be blamed for the low price of wheat. If we want to dig deeper, we might also conclude that there must be demand for this wheat if other countries are ready to step up their supply. However, this doesn't need to be true--we simply need to know that the US subsidies are not creating a situation that would otherwise not exist.

C and E don't matter because they only talk about the absolute prices of soybeans and sorghum, without any comparison to what they would be if subsidies were removed or added. Imagine that I said this: "When I went car shopping, I was wearing a designer suit. I think the car dealer overcharged me because I appeared wealthy." Now imagine that my brother responded like this: "But the other day when I bought an iPod, I was wearing a similar suit, and I paid much less for my iPod than you did for your car." His response is silly, right? He paid less for the iPod because iPods are less valuable than cars (at least, in most cases). Just knowing that one value is more or less than the other tells us nothing about the effect of our appearance. Did I pay too much? Did my brother? We'll only know if we look at what someone less nicely dressed paid for the same item. Similarly, in the case of the crops in our original argument, just knowing that one value is more or less than the other tells us nothing about the effect of subsidies. Maybe the price of sorghum is low because it is cheap to produce, or because it is not in high demand.

By the way, I notice that you are using two v's in place of the letter w. Those are not the same thing! It's weaken, not vveaken . . .

I hope this helps! Let me know if I can elaborate on any of the above.
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Re: vveaken -Farmers in developing countries claim that the Unit [#permalink] New post 21 Jul 2012, 14:49
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Aha--mystery solved! I thought you just came from a land with no w's. I'm glad my explanation was helpful.
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Re: vveaken -Farmers in developing countries claim that the Unit [#permalink] New post 21 Jul 2012, 15:21
Yes my land is going to be void of vv's in a long time to come :)

Thankyou Dmitry :)

BTVV if I need to address a question to you directly or to bring it to your attention hovv can I do that

DmitryFarber wrote:
Aha--mystery solved! I thought you just came from a land with no w's. I'm glad my explanation was helpful.
Re: vveaken -Farmers in developing countries claim that the Unit   [#permalink] 21 Jul 2012, 15:21
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