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Warsaw began to rebuild not only with brand-new structures,

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Warsaw began to rebuild not only with brand-new structures, [#permalink] New post 20 Feb 2010, 21:40
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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40% (04:22) correct 60% (01:57) wrong based on 5 sessions
Warsaw began to rebuild not only with brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, and also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones that had been demolished.


A. with brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, and also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones
B. with brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, as well as painstaking reconstructions of the old ones
C. brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones
D. brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but also painstakingly reconstructing the old ones
E. brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but they also painstakingly reconstructing the old ones


[Reveal] Spoiler:
why it is c not d





Cold weather causes surface waters to become dense and sink, displacing lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses.

A. displacing lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses
B. a method to displace lower layers upward; reversing, in spring, the process
C. as a displacement of lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses
D. to displace lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses
E. to displace lower layers upwards; reversing, in spring, the process

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A or D i always confused where to use participle where to use infifnitive
can anyone elaborate in details
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Re: confusing sc [#permalink] New post 20 Feb 2010, 22:00
Warsaw
A & B are easily eliminated. E is eliminated because it is wrong grammar, it could have been a possibility if the sentence had used 'reconstructed'

Between C & D, I select C because it maintains the tone in the sentence 'injecting -> painstaking' and 'structures -> reconstructions'


Cold weather

B, C & E are easily eliminated. Between A & D, I would go with A because there is usage of 'to' twice in option D.
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Re: confusing sc [#permalink] New post 21 Feb 2010, 05:37
arghya05 wrote:
Warsaw began to rebuild not only with brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, and also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones that had been demolished.


A. with brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, and also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones
B. with brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, as well as painstaking reconstructions of the old ones
C. brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones
D. brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but also painstakingly reconstructing the old ones
E. brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but they also painstakingly reconstructing the old ones


[Reveal] Spoiler:
why it is c not d



I agree there both D and C are contenders. And initially i went for D.
But after having a close look, i think C is correct.

Let's look at D and C.

C. Warsaw began to rebuild not only brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones............
Here [b]painstaking is an adjective and also brand new is an adjective...[/b]
so the as per the idiom not only x but also y, x and y are parallel.


D.Warsaw began to rebuild not only brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but also painstakingly reconstructing the old ones..............
Here painstakingly is an adverb,but brand new is an adjective...
so the as per the idiom not only x but also y, x and y are not parallel.
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Re: confusing sc [#permalink] New post 21 Feb 2010, 11:24
nverma wrote:
arghya05 wrote:
Warsaw began to rebuild not only with brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, and also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones that had been demolished.


A. with brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, and also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones
B. with brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, as well as painstaking reconstructions of the old ones
C. brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones
D. brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but also painstakingly reconstructing the old ones
E. brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but they also painstakingly reconstructing the old ones


[Reveal] Spoiler:
why it is c not d



I agree there both D and C are contenders. And initially i went for D.
But after having a close look, i think C is correct.

Let's look at D and C.

C. Warsaw began to rebuild not only brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones............
Here [b]painstaking is an adjective and also brand new is an adjective...[/b]
so the as per the idiom not only x but also y, x and y are parallel.


D.Warsaw began to rebuild not only brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but also painstakingly reconstructing the old ones..............
Here painstakingly is an adverb,but brand new is an adjective...
so the as per the idiom not only x but also y, x and y are not parallel.



IMO C ...i agree with the above explanation. 'structures' and 'reconstructions' are parallel.

In case of 'cold weather - displaces' not 'cold weather - to displace' IMO A
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Re: confusing sc [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2010, 04:13
Cold weather causes surface waters to become dense and sink, displacing lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses.

A. displacing lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses
B. a method to displace lower layers upward; reversing, in spring, the process
C. as a displacement of lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses
D. to displace lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses
E. to displace lower layers upwards; reversing, in spring, the process

wats wrong in D
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Re: confusing sc [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2010, 07:02
Use infinitive to show purpose and use gerund to show effect

As per the original sentence 'Cold weather causes surface waters to become dense and sink' because of this lower layers get displaced upward.

Cold weather causes surface waters to become dense and sink, to displace lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses

If you see D in the original sentence, you will see that sentence is messed up with 2 infinitive clauses. Meaning of the sentence is not clear. Therefore, D is not a correct answer.

RaviChandra wrote:
Cold weather causes surface waters to become dense and sink, displacing lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses.

A. displacing lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses
B. a method to displace lower layers upward; reversing, in spring, the process
C. as a displacement of lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses
D. to displace lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses
E. to displace lower layers upwards; reversing, in spring, the process

wats wrong in D
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Re: confusing sc [#permalink] New post 22 Feb 2010, 07:15
arghya05 wrote:
Warsaw began to rebuild not only with brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, and also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones that had been demolished.

A. with brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, and also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones – not idiomatic – should be “not only stg … but also stg…” - out
B. with brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, as well as painstaking reconstructions of the old ones – not idiomatic, same as A
C. brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but also painstaking reconstructions of the old ones – correct
D. brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but also painstakingly reconstructing the old ones – not parallel – here we compare “brand-new structures” (noun) and “painstakingly reconstructing” (gerund) - out
E. brand-new structures, injecting a much-needed boost to the local economy, but they also painstakingly reconstructing the old ones – not idiomatic and not parallel.




Cold weather causes surface waters to become dense and sink, displacing lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses.

A. displacing lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses – correct as it is – “displacing” modifies the verb “causes”. After semicolon we should use a clause (that is a subject and a verb) and this sentence uses it – “…the process reverses”
B. a method to displace lower layers upward; reversing, in spring, the process – “a method” modifies “weather”, but weather is not a method. Moreover, we don’t have a clause after semicolon here.
C. as a displacement of lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses – awkward – weather causes … as a displacement… - doesn’t make sense for me - out
D. to displace lower layers upward; in spring, the process reverses – “to displace” here means that cold weather does something to do something else. But how can this happen? If we spoke about a person who does stg to do stg else, that would make sense, but here….
E. to displace lower layers upwards; reversing, in spring, the process – the same as D plus wrong phrase after semicolon.

Please, underline the text in the original sentence! It’s very difficult to read without underlined portion!
Re: confusing sc   [#permalink] 22 Feb 2010, 07:15
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