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Water and resource management problems will be at the head

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Director
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Water and resource management problems will be at the head [#permalink] New post 30 Apr 2007, 17:10
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A
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C
D
E

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(N/A)

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Water and resource management problems will be at the head of the legislature’s list of concerns for the coming session.
(A) Water and resource management problems
(B) Problems of managing water and resources
(C) Problems in the management of water and other resources
(D) Problems of water and other resource management
(E) Resource management problems, including water


What brought the automobile company back from the verge of bankruptcy shortly after the Second World War was a special, governmentally sanctioned price increase allowed during a period of wage and price controls.
(A) What brought
(B) The thing that brought
(C) That which brought
(D) Bringing
(E) What has brought


What was as remarkable as the development of the compact disc has been the use of the new technology to revitalize, in better sound than was ever before possible, some of the classic recorded performances of the pre-LP era.
(A) What was as remarkable as the development of the compact disc
(B) The thing that was as remarkable as developing the compact disc
(C) No less remarkable than the development of the compact disc
(D) Developing the compact disc has been none the less remarkable than
(E) Development of the compact disc has been no less remarkable as

Please explain your answers :)

Thanks !
Manager
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Apr 2007, 21:42
Water and resource management problems will be at the head of the legislature’s list of concerns for the coming session.

(A) Water and resource management problems
Water as such is not the problem, management of water is..
(B) Problems of managing water and resources
It gives a notion that water is not one of the resources but some other entity like resource
(C) Problems in the management of water and other resources
correct
(D) Problems of water and other resource management
Prefer problems in
(E) Resource management problems, including water
Water is made equivalent to problem (Resource management problems, including water Management will be correct)

I am not sure when to use problem in and when problem of……both seems to be widely used.



What brought the automobile company back from the verge of bankruptcy shortly after the Second World War was a special, governmentally sanctioned price increase allowed during a period of wage and price controls.
(A) What brought
correct
(B) The thing that brought
wordy
(C) That which brought
awkward
(D) Bringing
bringing suggests ongoing action but here action is complete
(E) What has brought
present perfect inditcated an ongoing action which is not the case here
Director
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Apr 2007, 21:50
Thanks Apache ! I agree with you on the 1st .. however on the 2nd, it does indicate an ongoing action right ?

Preset Perfect - indicates an action started in the past and continuing in the present.

Auto industry was brought out of bankruptcy (past) and is still out of bankruptcy(present)

Any inputs .. ?
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Apr 2007, 22:22
grad_mba,
Preset Perfect - indicates an action started in the past and continuing in the present.
you are correct in understanding but

E SAYS

what has brought.......refer to price increase....
dont related it with bankruptcy...
now the price was increased once by the gov......its not getting increased day by day....by the gov.
hope this clears your doubt
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Apr 2007, 22:32
Apache ..I am still unconvinced.

price increase was the past action - correctly preceded by 'was'

However, the main subject here is about the auto industry and bringing it out of bankruptcy.

something in the tune of - what has brought the change in you ?

something like . . what 'has' brought about the change in him was the improved quality of food.

similarly .. what 'has' brought the auto industry out of bankruptcy was the price increase ..

what is it am I missing here ?
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Apr 2007, 23:06
grad what your are missing in

what 'has' brought about the change in him was the improved quality of food.
is the use correct tense usage

what 'has' brought about the change in him is the improving quality of food.

what brought about the change in him was the improved quality of food.

can anyone ans more precisely about grad's doubt?
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Apr 2007, 23:42
Based on the sentence, it seems that the "governmentally sanctioned price increase" brought auto makers out of bankruptcy once, years ago ... hence simple tense (brought)
Quote:
Auto industry was brought out of bankruptcy (past) and is still out of bankruptcy(present)

We don't know that it is still out of bankruptcy. we only know that it was brought out of bankruptcy.
Quote:
(A) Water and resource management problems
Water as such is not the problem, management of water is..

From what I understand, the OA is C. However, how do we know that water, itself, is not the prob? I need to get a better understanding of GMAT reasoning before G day.

Quote:
What was as remarkable as the development of the compact disc has been the use of the new technology to revitalize, in better sound than was ever before possible, some of the classic recorded performances of the pre-LP era.
(A) What was as remarkable as the development of the compact disc
tense shift
(B) The thing that was as remarkable as developing the compact disc
"The thing" is awkward
(C) No less remarkable than the development of the compact disc
(D) Developing the compact disc has been none the less remarkable than
awkward/wordy
(E) Development of the compact disc has been no less remarkable as

B/w C and E, I'll go for C. "as has been" sounds idiomatically wrong .... plus "compact disc" is closer to "the new technology". I don't know whether the latter reason is sound.
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 [#permalink] New post 30 Apr 2007, 23:55
From what I understand, the following is the expl. from the OG re: has brought ... was:
Quote:
Similarly, has brought indicates action that continues up to the present; the past tense brought is needed to parallel was.
  [#permalink] 30 Apr 2007, 23:55
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