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We have heard a good deal in recent years about the [#permalink] New post 23 Oct 2008, 22:53
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We have heard a good deal in recent years about the declining importance of the two major political parties. It is the mass media, we are told, that decide the outcome of elections, not the power of the parties. But it is worth noting that no independent or third-party candidate has won any important election in recent years, and in the last nationwide campaign, the two major parties raised and spent more money than ever before in support of their candidates and platforms. It seems clear that reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature at best.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

(A) The percentage of voters registered as independents is higher today than ever before.

(B) In a recent presidential campaign, for the first time ever, an independent candidate was invited to appear in a televised debate with the major-party candidates.

(C) Every current member of the U.S. Senate was elected as the candidate of one of the two major parties.

(D) In a recent opinion poll, most voters stated that a candidate's party affiliation was an insignificant factor in judging his or her fitness for office.

(E) In the last four years, the outcome of several statewide elections has been determined by the strength of the third-party vote.
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2008, 00:08
IMO A
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2008, 01:24
abhinav24 wrote:
We have heard a good deal in recent years about the declining importance of the two major political parties. It is the mass media, we are told, that decide the outcome of elections, not the power of the parties. But it is worth noting that no independent or third-party candidate has won any important election in recent years, and in the last nationwide campaign, the two major parties raised and spent more money than ever before in support of their candidates and platforms. It seems clear that reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature at best.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

(A) The percentage of voters registered as independents is higher today than ever before.

(B) In a recent presidential campaign, for the first time ever, an independent candidate was invited to appear in a televised debate with the major-party candidates.

(C) Every current member of the U.S. Senate was elected as the candidate of one of the two major parties.

(D) In a recent opinion poll, most voters stated that a candidate's party affiliation was an insignificant factor in judging his or her fitness for office.

(E) In the last four years, the outcome of several statewide elections has been determined by the strength of the third-party vote.



IMO C. Every current member of the U.S. Senate was elected as the candidate of one of the two major parties. This emphasizes that the two parties are having strong hold in the Senate. Thus it supports the claim that the reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature.
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2008, 05:55
I think it's A
percentage of voters registered as independents is higher today than ever before, although their candidates do not win, because two major parties raise and spend more money, therefore reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature at best.
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2008, 08:30
linau1982 wrote:
I think it's A
percentage of voters registered as independents is higher today than ever before, although their candidates do not win, because two major parties raise and spend more money, therefore reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature at best.


I feel that it is C. Two parties are controlling all the senate seats. we have a solid proof that the two party system is no where close to imminent demise
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2008, 10:54
A for me too.

anything that shows that "Party-strength" is important will be the winner here.
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2008, 11:06
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I guess this is confusing CR......IMO it should be C

Confusion is in finding the argument of the CR. there are two sentences which might be taken as conclusion

1. We have heard a good deal in recent years about the declining importance of the two major political parties -- if this is right Argument then answer should be A.

2. It seems clear that reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature at best. -- if this is right Argument then answer should be C.

Now thing is that what is the Argument here?
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2008, 11:09
reply2spg wrote:
I guess this is confusing CR......IMO it should be C

Confusion is in finding the argument of the CR. there are two sentences which might be taken as conclusion

1. We have heard a good deal in recent years about the declining importance of the two major political parties -- if this is right Argument then answer should be A.

2. It seems clear that reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature at best. -- if this is right Argument then answer should be C.

Now thing is that what is the Argument here?


Arrange them in order and see which order makes sense. The final one is the conclusion of the argument. Also It is clear signifies conclusion
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2008, 19:18
Why I think that answer is B?

Lets see,
D and E are out cuase they weaken the the conclusion.

Questions stem says that It is the mass media, we are told, that decide the outcome of elections, not the power of the parties.

It may be possible that mass media had not given the proper coverage to the third party candidate and that might resulted in his loss.
another folly in A and C is that they fail to tell if the percent vote of two major parties are declining. Remember, this decline in the vote percentage of two major parties may not result in the loss of third party
win but it can certainly tell that the popularity of two major parties are declining

So, A and C are out.

Now B, B says that the third party canditate was given mass media coverage and still he lost and this certainly suggest the popularity if two major party.

IMO answer is B....Anyway very good question. +1
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2008, 19:53
wht is OA for this?
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2008, 20:03
rishi2377 wrote:
Why I think that answer is B?

Lets see,
D and E are out cuase they weaken the the conclusion.

Questions stem says that It is the mass media, we are told, that decide the outcome of elections, not the power of the parties.

It may be possible that mass media had not given the proper coverage to the third party candidate and that might resulted in his loss.
another folly in A and C is that they fail to tell if the percent vote of two major parties are declining. Remember, this decline in the vote percentage of two major parties may not result in the loss of third party
win but it can certainly tell that the popularity of two major parties are declining

So, A and C are out.

Now B, B says that the third party canditate was given mass media coverage and still he lost and this certainly suggest the popularity if two major party.

IMO answer is B....Anyway very good question. +1



Argument says -- It is the media that decide the outcome of elections
Option B - Third party candidate was given coverage.

We are not told if the candidate won or lost. How does this strengthen the fact that the two party system is not dying !
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2008, 20:31
amitdgr wrote:
rishi2377 wrote:
Why I think that answer is B?

Lets see,
D and E are out cuase they weaken the the conclusion.

Questions stem says that It is the mass media, we are told, that decide the outcome of elections, not the power of the parties.

It may be possible that mass media had not given the proper coverage to the third party candidate and that might resulted in his loss.
another folly in A and C is that they fail to tell if the percent vote of two major parties are declining. Remember, this decline in the vote percentage of two major parties may not result in the loss of third party
win but it can certainly tell that the popularity of two major parties are declining

So, A and C are out.

Now B, B says that the third party canditate was given mass media coverage and still he lost and this certainly suggest the popularity if two major party.

IMO answer is B....Anyway very good question. +1



Argument says -- It is the media that decide the outcome of elections
Option B - Third party candidate was given coverage.

We are not told if the candidate won or lost. How does this strengthen the fact that the two party system is not dying !


We have heard a good deal in recent years about the declining importance of the two major political parties. It is the mass media, we are told, that decide the outcome of elections, not the power of the parties. But it is worth noting that no independent or third-party candidate has won any important election in recent years, and in the last nationwide campaign, the two major parties raised and spent more money than ever before in support of their candidates and platforms. It seems clear that reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature at best.

yup, we are told that third party candidate didn't win. :)
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2008, 20:51
rishi2377 wrote:
We have heard a good deal in recent years about the declining importance of the two major political parties. It is the mass media, we are told, that decide the outcome of elections, not the power of the parties. But it is worth noting that no independent or third-party candidate has won any important election in recent years, and in the last nationwide campaign, the two major parties raised and spent more money than ever before in support of their candidates and platforms. It seems clear that reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature at best.

yup, we are told that third party candidate didn't win. :)


Ya :) I missed that ... But I still believe B does not strengthen ....
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2008, 21:51
amitdgr wrote:
rishi2377 wrote:
We have heard a good deal in recent years about the declining importance of the two major political parties. It is the mass media, we are told, that decide the outcome of elections, not the power of the parties. But it is worth noting that no independent or third-party candidate has won any important election in recent years, and in the last nationwide campaign, the two major parties raised and spent more money than ever before in support of their candidates and platforms. It seems clear that reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature at best.

yup, we are told that third party candidate didn't win. :)


Ya :) I missed that ... But I still believe B does not strengthen ....


lol Bruce Lee, lets see.
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 24 Oct 2008, 23:18
abhinav24 wrote:
We have heard a good deal in recent years about the declining importance of the two major political parties. It is the mass media, we are told, that decide the outcome of elections, not the power of the parties. But it is worth noting that no independent or third-party candidate has won any important election in recent years, and in the last nationwide campaign, the two major parties raised and spent more money than ever before in support of their candidates and platforms. It seems clear that reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature at best.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

(A) The percentage of voters registered as independents is higher today than ever before.

(B) In a recent presidential campaign, for the first time ever, an independent candidate was invited to appear in a televised debate with the major-party candidates.

(C) Every current member of the U.S. Senate was elected as the candidate of one of the two major parties.

(D) In a recent opinion poll, most voters stated that a candidate's party affiliation was an insignificant factor in judging his or her fitness for office.

(E) In the last four years, the outcome of several statewide elections has been determined by the strength of the third-party vote.


A weakens the argument, indicating that the independent party is on the rise, ending a two party system

B weakens the argument also, stating that an independent is on tv for the first time, giving rise to a third party and ending a two party system

C strengthens the argument, the stimulus tries to through you off by assuming that we are talking about a presidential race, but that is not specified. C suggests that a two party system is here to stay

IMO, C
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2008, 15:19
First I thought A, then looking at the discussion above I thought C may be right. very confusing...
I'll throw my vote for A.
What is the OA please?
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 25 Oct 2008, 21:05
Two party system is stronger than ever and the two party system is not going to die soon.

Only (C).
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 26 Oct 2008, 10:04
abhinav24 wrote:
(A) The percentage of voters registered as independents is higher today than ever before.
(B) In a recent presidential campaign, for the first time ever, an independent candidate was invited to appear in a televised debate with the major-party candidates.
(C) Every current member of the U.S. Senate was elected as the candidate of one of the two major parties.
(D) In a recent opinion poll, most voters stated that a candidate's party affiliation was an insignificant factor in judging his or her fitness for office.
(E) In the last four years, the outcome of several statewide elections has been determined by the strength of the third-party vote.


Just a question for those in the know (as I'm not American): in (A), what does it mean that voters are registered as independents? Doesn't this mean that the voters are independent candidates themselves?

Is this a trick with the wording? I think it says nothing about who they are voting for, just that they happen to be independent candidates themselves, right? OR am I reading too much into it...?
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 27 Oct 2008, 18:52
what is OA for this?
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Re: CR -Political Parties [#permalink] New post 27 Oct 2008, 20:40
abhinav24 wrote:
We have heard a good deal in recent years about the declining importance of the two major political parties. It is the mass media, we are told, that decide the outcome of elections, not the power of the parties. But it is worth noting that no independent or third-party candidate has won any important election in recent years, and in the last nationwide campaign, the two major parties raised and spent more money than ever before in support of their candidates and platforms. It seems clear that reports of the imminent demise of the two-party system are premature at best.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

(A) The percentage of voters registered as independents is higher today than ever before.

(B) In a recent presidential campaign, for the first time ever, an independent candidate was invited to appear in a televised debate with the major-party candidates.

(C) Every current member of the U.S. Senate was elected as the candidate of one of the two major parties.

(D) In a recent opinion poll, most voters stated that a candidate's party affiliation was an insignificant factor in judging his or her fitness for office.

(E) In the last four years, the outcome of several statewide elections has been determined by the strength of the third-party vote.



CONCLUSION:Reports of the imminent demise of the two party system are premature at Best.

The correct answer should strengthen this .
IMO This answer is C.
If we negate this by saying Not Every current member of the U.S Senate was elected as the candidate of one of the two major parties. This would greatly weaken the conclusion. Therefore the logical opposite point(which is C) strengthens the conclusion.


If we look at A
The percentage of voters registered as independents is higher today than ever before.

If this were negated.
The percentage of voters registered as independents is NOT higher today than ever before, this could either strengthen or have no impact on the conclusion so at best the logical opposite(Answer A) would weaken the conclusion.

I am sorry If my explanation seems confusing :( but this is how I attempted to solve this question.
Re: CR -Political Parties   [#permalink] 27 Oct 2008, 20:40
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