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# We live in a world in which crime is rampant, children are

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CEO
Joined: 15 Aug 2003
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We live in a world in which crime is rampant, children are [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2003, 03:16
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0% (00:00) correct 100% (00:56) wrong based on 2 sessions

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We live in a world in which crime is rampant, children
are recalcitrant, change is the only constant, and uncertainty
prevails.

(A) children are recalcitrant, change is the only constant, and
uncertainty prevails.
(B) children are recalcitrant, change is the only constant, and
uncertainty is prevalent.
(C) in which children are recalcitrant, in which change is the only
constant, and in which uncertainty is prevalent.
(D) where children are recalcitrant, where change is the only constant
and where uncertainty is prevalent.
(E) where children are recalcitrant, change is the only constant,
and uncertainty is prevalent

explanations would make more sense.
Senior Manager
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13 Dec 2003, 03:21
B.

A "and uncertainty prevails. " is not ||
C , D and E unnecessarily adding "where" and "in which".
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GMAT Instructor
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13 Dec 2003, 05:33
IMO the answer is C. I don't think that you should break up all of the prepositional phrases so that you have parallel fragments of them.

I was tempted to choose A because I don't think "prevails" and "is prevalent" have the same connotation, but I will stick with C.
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AkamaiBrah
Former Senior Instructor, Manhattan GMAT and VeritasPrep
Vice President, Midtown NYC Investment Bank, Structured Finance IT
MFE, Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley, Class of 2005
MBA, Anderson School of Management, UCLA, Class of 1993

CEO
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Followers: 68

Kudos [?]: 832 [0], given: 781

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13 Dec 2003, 05:37
AkamaiBrah wrote:
IMO the answer is C. I don't think that you should break up all of the prepositional phrases so that you have parallel fragments of them.

I was tempted to choose A because I don't think "prevails" and "is prevalent" have the same connotation, but I will stick with C.

you are right.

question : what is this question testing? parallelism??

question : why is to ok to repeat "in which" here ?

please explain , i am totally lost.
GMAT Instructor
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13 Dec 2003, 05:50
praetorian123 wrote:
AkamaiBrah wrote:
IMO the answer is C. I don't think that you should break up all of the prepositional phrases so that you have parallel fragments of them.

I was tempted to choose A because I don't think "prevails" and "is prevalent" have the same connotation, but I will stick with C.

you are right.

question : what is this question testing? parallelism??

question : why is to ok to repeat "in which" here ?

please explain , i am totally lost.

"in which" is part of a prepositional phrase. If we start the parallelism after "in which" we are using parallel fragments. Not kosher.
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AkamaiBrah
Former Senior Instructor, Manhattan GMAT and VeritasPrep
Vice President, Midtown NYC Investment Bank, Structured Finance IT
MFE, Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley, Class of 2005
MBA, Anderson School of Management, UCLA, Class of 1993

Intern
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13 Dec 2003, 21:19
Every other sentence has a "comma" before "and" except "d" - so I think d would be gramatically the most correct one.
Director
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13 Dec 2003, 22:45
C.
'in which is the part of the phrase & should be there to make the sentence parallel
Manager
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14 Dec 2003, 06:08
Quote:
AkamaiBrah wrote:
"in which" is part of a prepositional phrase. If we start the parallelism after "in which" we are using parallel fragments. Not kosher.

I 'somewhat' understand your explanation but not very clear. Would you please elaborate!

not very clear what you mean by 'parallel fragments' and why they are wrong here? Is there a rule we could follow to know when to keep parts like 'in which' and when not to.
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16 Dec 2003, 22:05
The construction given C can be used as follows

We live in a world in which crime is rampant, violent, and against women.

rampant, violent and against women modify the noun crime.

In the question we clearly want use the modifier that modifies noun world. Hence we repeat "in which" before each modifier to avoid confusion. Since we have lot of common sense( I suppose ) our brain understands the sentence, given the context. Imgaine that a scientific article is published which contains a constrcution given in C, and a student of literature or social science reads such article ( AM I assuming too much about them ? ). It can cause confusion.
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