Don't think of the two docs as interconnected. When an admissions officer reviews a file, he or she starts with a resume, but they take a snapshot, they don't memorize it. So they like to have you unpack it or restate it in their own short answer format. Don't feel limited by what you have in your resume. If you get to expand or elaborate, great. If not - if it's almost verbatim what you have on your resume? - no big deal.
The bigger question, it goes without saying, is the essays. That is where you have to be bulletproof. Make sure your career goals essay expands from the required into Optional 1. Make sure you don't just cut and paste an HBS mistake essay into the Wharton option; you have to explain how the incident informed your definition of failure. Wharton is minefield, make sure you navigate it carefully.
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