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What is the cube root of w?

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What is the cube root of w? [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2012, 03:15
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A
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D
E

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84% (01:42) correct 16% (01:03) wrong based on 905 sessions

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Re: What is the cube root of w? [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2012, 03:15
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SOLUTION

What is the cube root of w?

(1) The 5th root of w is 64 --> \(\sqrt[5]{w}=64\) --> we can find \(w\), hence we can find \(\sqrt[3]{w}\): \(w=64^5\) --> \(\sqrt[3]{w}=\sqrt[3]{64^5}\). Sufficient.

(2) The 15th root of w is 4 --> \(\sqrt[15]{w}=4\). The same here. Sufficient.

Answer: D.
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Re: What is the cube root of w? [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2012, 03:31
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1. If the nth root is asked for a number X:
If n is odd - It has a unique solution that satisfies.
On the other hand, if n is even - then both (y)^n and (-y)^n satisfies the solution.
Now to the problem:
A - sufficient. 5th root - 5 odd.
B - sufficient. - 15 -odd.

Answer D.
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Re: What is the cube root of w? [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2012, 07:52
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This is a simple Surd problem i will rate its difficulty at 500 or below.
as the first step break all numbers down to their basic form 64 = 4^3 = 2^6 ( we will find later that the second part is not necessary in this question, but in some other question we might need to break down further)
Lets take statement 1 : (w)^1/3 = 64 this means w = 64^3 = 4^15 = 2^30 ( stop ! much before this coz you knwo you can find it )
Second statement (w)^1/15 = 4 This means w = 4^15 = 2^30 ( Stop as soon as you know it is solvable)
So choice D is the nswer.
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Re: What is the cube root of w? [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2012, 05:10
SOLUTION

What is the cube root of w?

(1) The 5th root of w is 64 --> \(\sqrt[5]{w}=64\) --> we can find \(w\), hence we can find \(\sqrt[3]{w}\): \(w=64^5\) --> \(\sqrt[3]{w}=\sqrt[3]{64^5}\). Sufficient.

(2) The 15th root of w is 4 --> \(\sqrt[15]{w}=4\). The same here. Sufficient.

Answer: D.
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Re: What is the cube root of w? [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2013, 03:56
Bumping for review and further discussion*. Get a kudos point for an alternative solution!

*New project from GMAT Club!!! Check HERE

Theory on roots problems: math-number-theory-88376.html

All DS roots problems to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=49
All PS roots problems to practice: search.php?search_id=tag&tag_id=113

Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions (DS): tough-and-tricky-exponents-and-roots-questions-125967.html
Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions (PS): new-tough-and-tricky-exponents-and-roots-questions-125956.html

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PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

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Re: What is the cube root of w? [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2014, 01:55
The answer would still be D if
1. square root of w was asked with same statements
2. cube root of w and (1) and (2) had even roots.

But answer would be E if
All the roots in question were even

Am I correct?
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Re: What is the cube root of w? [#permalink]

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Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: What is the cube root of w? [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2016, 08:36
Bunuel wrote:
What is the cube root of w?

(1) The 5th root of w is 64.
(2) The 15th root of w is 4.



We need to determine the cube root of w. Thus, if we have a value for w, we can determine the value of the cube root of w.

Statement One Alone:

The 5th root of w is 64.

Recall that the nth root of a number is the number raised to the 1/n power; we can set up an equation with the information from statement one.

w^(1/5) = 64

Now raise both sides of the equation to the 5th power.

w = 64^5

Since we know that we have a unique value for w, we can stop here. This is enough information to enable us to determine the value of the cube root of w. Statement one provides enough information to answer the question. We can eliminate answer choices B, C, and E.

Statement Two Alone:

The 15th root of w is 4.

We can set up an equation with the information from statement two.

w^(1/15) = 4

w = 4^15

Since we know that we have a unique value for w, we can stop here. This is enough information to enable us to determine the value of the cube root of w. Statement two is also sufficient.

The answer is D.
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Re: What is the cube root of w?   [#permalink] 30 Jul 2016, 08:36
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