Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

It appears that you are browsing the GMAT Club forum unregistered!

Signing up is free, quick, and confidential.
Join other 350,000 members and get the full benefits of GMAT Club

Registration gives you:

Tests

Take 11 tests and quizzes from GMAT Club and leading GMAT prep companies such as Manhattan GMAT,
Knewton, and others. All are free for GMAT Club members.

Applicant Stats

View detailed applicant stats such as GPA, GMAT score, work experience, location, application
status, and more

Books/Downloads

Download thousands of study notes,
question collections, GMAT Club’s
Grammar and Math books.
All are free!

Thank you for using the timer!
We noticed you are actually not timing your practice. Click the START button first next time you use the timer.
There are many benefits to timing your practice, including:

Re: What is the greatest possible common divisor of two differen [#permalink]
23 Nov 2012, 19:57

3

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

3

This post was BOOKMARKED

cv3t3l1na wrote:

What is the greatest possible common divisor of two different positive integers which are less than 144?

A. 143 B. 142 C. 72 D. 71 E. 12

Can someone explain why the answer is 71 if we assume that the integers are 143 and 142?

First of all, what is the greatest common divisor of 143 and 142? It is 1. You are looking for the common divisor. 142 and 143 will have no common divisor except 1.

Think: 2 and 3 have GCD (greatest common divisor) of 1 2 and 4 have GCD of 2. 3 and 4 have GCD (greatest common divisor) of 1 So if you were to select 2 numbers less than 5 with the greatest GCD, you need to select 2 and 4, not 3 and 4.

Now think: 143 = 11 * 13 The greatest possible divisor it will have with another number less than 144 will be either 11 or 13. Let's move on. 142 = 2*71 The greatest possible divisor it can have with another number less than 144 can be 71 (say, if the other selected integer is 71)

Do you think another number less than 144 could have a GCD of greater than 71? No because when you split a number into two factors, one of them will be at least 2. If it is greater than 2, the other factor will obviously be less than 71.

It's a very intuitive concept. Take some numbers to comprehend it fully. These posts will also be helpful:

Re: What is the greatest possible common divisor of two differen [#permalink]
01 May 2013, 09:18

VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:

cv3t3l1na wrote:

What is the greatest possible common divisor of two different positive integers which are less than 144?

A. 143 B. 142 C. 72 D. 71 E. 12

Can someone explain why the answer is 71 if we assume that the integers are 143 and 142?

First of all, what is the greatest common divisor of 143 and 142? It is 1. You are looking for the common divisor. 142 and 143 will have no common divisor except 1.

Think: 2 and 3 have GCD (greatest common divisor) of 1 2 and 4 have GCD of 2. 3 and 4 have GCD (greatest common divisor) of 1 So if you were to select 2 numbers less than 5 with the greatest GCD, you need to select 2 and 4, not 3 and 4.

Now think: 143 = 11 * 13 The greatest possible divisor it will have with another number less than 144 will be either 11 or 13. Let's move on. 142 = 2*71 The greatest possible divisor it can have with another number less than 144 can be 71 (say, if the other selected integer is 71)

Do you think another number less than 144 could have a GCD of greater than 71? No because when you split a number into two factors, one of them will be at least 2. If it is greater than 2, the other factor will obviously be less than 71.

It's a very intuitive concept. Take some numbers to comprehend it fully. These posts will also be helpful:

Just to confirm, the only reason 143 is not the answer is because of the fact that the question mentioned 'two different positive numbers' right? _________________

Re: What is the greatest possible common divisor of two differen [#permalink]
01 May 2013, 11:12

Expert's post

Quote:

Just to confirm, the only reason 143 is not the answer is because of the fact that the question mentioned 'two different positive numbers' right?

Let the two positive integers be a,b where both a,b<144. Now, let the required GCD be k. Thus, a = kM and b = kN, where M,N are positive integers and are not equal.

If k = 143, then the only way a<144 is if M = 1.Similarly, even for b, N=1. But as M is not equal to N, this is an invalid option.

The same for k=142 and 72.However, for k = 71, we can have M=1,N=2 OR M=2,N=1.

D.

If they wouldn't have mentioned that fact, we could have chosen the same value for M=N=1. _________________

Re: What is the greatest possible common divisor of two differen [#permalink]
02 May 2013, 07:12

vinaymimani wrote:

Quote:

Just to confirm, the only reason 143 is not the answer is because of the fact that the question mentioned 'two different positive numbers' right?

Let the two positive integers be a,b where both a,b<144. Now, let the required GCD be k. Thus, a = kM and b = kN, where M,N are positive integers and are not equal.

If k = 143, then the only way a<144 is if M = 1.Similarly, even for b, N=1. But as M is not equal to N, this is an invalid option.

The same for k=142 and 72.However, for k = 71, we can have M=1,N=2 OR M=2,N=1.

D.

If they wouldn't have mentioned that fact, we could have chosen the same value for M=N=1.

Got it! as you said...if the numbers could have been same, we could have used 143 as both the integers and the GCD wud have been 143!

Re: What is the greatest possible common divisor of two differen [#permalink]
02 May 2013, 09:12

Expert's post

arpanpatnaik wrote:

VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:

cv3t3l1na wrote:

What is the greatest possible common divisor of two different positive integers which are less than 144?

A. 143 B. 142 C. 72 D. 71 E. 12

Can someone explain why the answer is 71 if we assume that the integers are 143 and 142?

First of all, what is the greatest common divisor of 143 and 142? It is 1. You are looking for the common divisor. 142 and 143 will have no common divisor except 1.

Think: 2 and 3 have GCD (greatest common divisor) of 1 2 and 4 have GCD of 2. 3 and 4 have GCD (greatest common divisor) of 1 So if you were to select 2 numbers less than 5 with the greatest GCD, you need to select 2 and 4, not 3 and 4.

Now think: 143 = 11 * 13 The greatest possible divisor it will have with another number less than 144 will be either 11 or 13. Let's move on. 142 = 2*71 The greatest possible divisor it can have with another number less than 144 can be 71 (say, if the other selected integer is 71)

Do you think another number less than 144 could have a GCD of greater than 71? No because when you split a number into two factors, one of them will be at least 2. If it is greater than 2, the other factor will obviously be less than 71.

It's a very intuitive concept. Take some numbers to comprehend it fully. These posts will also be helpful:

Re: What is the greatest possible common divisor of two differen [#permalink]
03 May 2013, 12:28

I am not entirely sharp because of a day of studying, but isn't it just that 71 is the GCD of x and y because x and y would then be respectably 71 and 142? Nothing more nothing less.

Re: What is the greatest possible common divisor of two differen [#permalink]
05 Jul 2014, 13:43

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email. _________________

Hello everyone! Researching, networking, and understanding the “feel” for a school are all part of the essential journey to a top MBA. Wouldn’t it be great... ...

Are you interested in applying to business school? If you are seeking advice about the admissions process, such as how to select your targeted schools, then send your questions...