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What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by

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What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by [#permalink] New post 11 Sep 2012, 03:43
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What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by each of the integers 1 through 7, inclusive?

(A) 420
(B) 840
(C) 1,260
(D) 2,520
(E) 5,040

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Re: What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by [#permalink] New post 11 Sep 2012, 03:43
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SOLUTION

What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by each of the integers 1 through 7, inclusive?

(A) 420
(B) 840
(C) 1,260
(D) 2,520
(E) 5,040

The integer should be divisible by: 2, 3, 4(=2^2), 5, 6(=2*3), and 7. The least common multiple of these integers is LCM=2^2*3*5*7=420.

Answer: A.
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Re: What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by [#permalink] New post 11 Sep 2012, 08:24
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Factors of 420 are: 1, 2, 2, 3, 5, 7

Now 420 should be divided by each of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

From the factors which we get above by factorization and combining them to make all numbers from 1 to 7,

420 divided by 1
420 divided by 2 (picking up from factors)
420 divided by 3 (picking up from factors)
420 divided by 4 (picking up two 2s and multiplying to make it 4)
420 divided by 5 (picking up from factors)
420 divided by 6 (picking up 2 and 3 from factors and multiplying to make it 6)
420 divided by 7 (picking up from factors)
All leaves remainder as ZERO.

No need to go further. Answer is A.
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Re: What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by [#permalink] New post 11 Sep 2012, 09:04
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its A..

1*2*3*2*5*7=420...
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Re: What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by [#permalink] New post 11 Sep 2012, 09:07
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Here are the integers from 1 to 7 including: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
So the lowest positive integer divisible by every single numbers set forth above would have to be divisible by 7,5,4,3 simultaneously or 7*5*4*3=420
please, correct me if I went awry
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Re: What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by [#permalink] New post 12 Sep 2012, 11:26
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What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by each of the integers 1 through 7, inclusive?
(A) 420
(B) 840
(C) 1,260
(D) 2,520
(E) 5,040

The question is basically asking the LCM (smallest multiple) of number from 1 to 7 (both inclusive)

LCM of 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 = 420
Answer A

Hope it helps
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Re: What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by [#permalink] New post 14 Sep 2012, 04:57
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SOLUTION

What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by each of the integers 1 through 7, inclusive?

(A) 420
(B) 840
(C) 1,260
(D) 2,520
(E) 5,040

The integer should be divisible by: 2, 3, 4(=2^2), 5, 6(=2*3), and 7. The least common multiple of these integers is LCM=2^2*3*5*7=420.

Answer: A.

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Re: What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by [#permalink] New post 13 Jan 2013, 22:28
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OG 12 # 36.

What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by
each of the integers 1 through 7, inclusive?
(A) 420
(B) 840
(C) 1,260
(D) 2,520
(E) 5,040

My choice is E.But its wrong.
My Explanation:lowest positive integer that is divisible by
each of the integers 1 through 7 means 7!.
7!=5040.Hence (E)
However this answer is wrong.
I am not able to understand the OG12 explanation
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Re: What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by [#permalink] New post 13 Jan 2013, 22:43
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You need LCM of first 7 numbers, NOT factorial. If a number is divisible by 6 then its also divisible by 2 & 3. You dont have to count 2 & 3 again when you consider factor as 6.

1=1^1
2=2^1
3=3^1
4=2^2
5=5^1
6=2^1 *3^1
7=7^1

LCM =1^1 * 2^2 * 3^1 * 5^1 * 7^1= 420

Hence choice(A) is the answer.
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Re: What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by [#permalink] New post 14 Jan 2013, 00:31
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shreenath wrote:
OG 12 # 36.

What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by
each of the integers 1 through 7, inclusive?
(A) 420
(B) 840
(C) 1,260
(D) 2,520
(E) 5,040

My choice is E.But its wrong.
My Explanation:lowest positive integer that is divisible by
each of the integers 1 through 7 means 7!.
7!=5040.Hence (E)
However this answer is wrong.
I am not able to understand the OG12 explanation


Merging similar topics. Please ask if anything remains unclear.

P.S. Please read carefully and follow: rules-for-posting-please-read-this-before-posting-133935.html Pay attention to the rule #3: the name of a topic (subject field) MUST be the first 40 characters (~the first two sentences) of the question.
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Re: What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by [#permalink] New post 17 Jan 2013, 02:58
PraPon wrote:
You need LCM of first 7 numbers, NOT factorial. If a number is divisible by 6 then its also divisible by 2 & 3. You dont have to count 2 & 3 again when you consider factor as 6.

1=1^1
2=2^1
3=3^1
4=2^2
5=5^1
6=2^1 *3^1
7=7^1

LCM =1^1 * 2^2 * 3^1 * 5^1 * 7^1= 420

Hence choice(A) is the answer.


how about the 4 and the 2? if 4 is divisible by 2 and 2, then should we not consider it as well? I find this confusing.
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Re: What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by [#permalink] New post 17 Jan 2013, 08:31
the question stem says that the number is divisible by each of the integers from 1 through 7..then,simply,it means that each number is a factor of our lowest common multiple..hence 420 holds water

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Re: What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by [#permalink] New post 29 Dec 2013, 10:01
Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTION

What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by each of the integers 1 through 7, inclusive?

(A) 420
(B) 840
(C) 1,260
(D) 2,520
(E) 5,040

The integer should be divisible by: 2, 3, 4(=2^2), 5, 6(=2*3), and 7. The least common multiple of these integers is LCM=2^2*3*5*7=420.

Answer: A.



Hi Bunuel,

I do understand the LCM but can you explain WHY when we have four sets of 2's we eliminate TWO of them?

For our two 3's, we eliminate one of them and I understand why - we might have the "same" 3. But when we eliminate two 2's, it's not as intuitive to me. Is it simply that, when we have an even number of the same integer, we remove half of them when we calculate the LCM? If so, what would've happened if we had three 2's or five 3's?
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Re: What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by [#permalink] New post 29 Dec 2013, 10:20
Expert's post
aeglorre wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
SOLUTION

What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by each of the integers 1 through 7, inclusive?

(A) 420
(B) 840
(C) 1,260
(D) 2,520
(E) 5,040

The integer should be divisible by: 2, 3, 4(=2^2), 5, 6(=2*3), and 7. The least common multiple of these integers is LCM=2^2*3*5*7=420.

Answer: A.



Hi Bunuel,

I do understand the LCM but can you explain WHY when we have four sets of 2's we eliminate TWO of them?

For our two 3's, we eliminate one of them and I understand why - we might have the "same" 3. But when we eliminate two 2's, it's not as intuitive to me. Is it simply that, when we have an even number of the same integer, we remove half of them when we calculate the LCM? If so, what would've happened if we had three 2's or five 3's?


From here: math-number-theory-88376.html

The lowest common multiple or lowest common multiple (lcm) or smallest common multiple of two integers a and b is the smallest positive integer that is a multiple both of a and of b.

To find the LCM, you will need to do prime-factorization. Then multiply all the factors (pick the highest power of the common factors).
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RESOURCES: [GMAT MATH BOOK]; 1. Triangles; 2. Polygons; 3. Coordinate Geometry; 4. Factorials; 5. Circles; 6. Number Theory; 7. Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets; 9. PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders; 11. GMAT Prep Software Analysis NEW!!!; 12. SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) NEW!!!; 12. Tricky questions from previous years. NEW!!!;

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

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Re: What is the lowest positive integer that is divisible by   [#permalink] 29 Dec 2013, 10:20
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