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Re: What is the ratio of r to s? [#permalink]
16 Sep 2013, 01:07

Expert's post

stevennu wrote:

Why can't R+S = 7 be solved to (-7/1) = (-S/R) and thus prove sufficiency in Statement 1?

First of all: when a DS question asks about the value, then the statement is sufficient ONLY if you can get the single numerical value.

From r + s = 7 we cannot find the single numerical value of r/s, it can take infinitely many values: ... r=-1 and s=8 --> r/s=-1/8; r=1 and s=6 --> r/s=1/6; r=2 and s=5 --> r/s=2/5; ...

Also notice that your example does not satisfy the equation at all: if r=1 and s=-7, then r + s = -6 not 7.

Re: What is the ratio of r to s? [#permalink]
16 Sep 2013, 23:34

Expert's post

Ksterr wrote:

I stumbled upon C) to be the right answer but I'm not quite sure how... 1) r+s=7 2)r^2 - s^2 = 7 (r+s)(r-s)=7 r-s=1

Is the question not asking for r/s = ?

What is the ratio of r to s?

Questions asks to find the value of r/s.

(1) r + s = 7. Infinite pairs of (r, s) satisfies this equations. Not sufficient.

(2) r^2 – s^2 = 7. Infinite pairs of (r, s) satisfies this equations. Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) From (2) we know that (r - s)(r + s) = 7, since from (1) r + s = 7, then (r - s)*7 = 7, which gives r - s = 1. Solving r + s = 7 and r - s = 1 gives r = 4 and s = 3 --> r/s = 4/3. Sufficient.

Manhattan GMAT CAT Question [#permalink]
20 May 2014, 20:00

I came across a question in one of my CAT practice exams and I thought I answered it correctly, but it turns out I was wrong. But I have no idea why my solution is not valid as I get the same answer as the solutions manual (just with a different approach). Can someone clarify this for me?

Thank you!

What is the ratio of r to s?

(1) r + s = 7

(2) r^2 – s^2 = 7

I answered (B) - statement 2 is sufficient. My reasoning was:

Numbers: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 etc Their perfect square: 1, 4, 9, 16, 25 etc. There is only one occasion in which the difference between two squared numbers is 7 and this 16-9 or 4^2 - 3^2. Thus the ratio of r/s would be 4/3. Even if you use -1, -2, -3, -4, -5, -6 etc it makes no difference because you still get 4/3.

The solution states that you need both (answer C) in order to solve the problem (and they come up with 4/3 as well). Now using both statements is perfectly valid but why can't I get away with using only (2)?

Re: Manhattan GMAT CAT Question [#permalink]
20 May 2014, 20:56

1

This post received KUDOS

zsoltvigh wrote:

I came across a question in one of my CAT practice exams and I thought I answered it correctly, but it turns out I was wrong. But I have no idea why my solution is not valid as I get the same answer as the solutions manual (just with a different approach). Can someone clarify this for me?

Thank you!

What is the ratio of r to s?

(1) r + s = 7

(2) r^2 – s^2 = 7

I answered (B) - statement 2 is sufficient. My reasoning was:

Numbers: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 etc Their perfect square: 1, 4, 9, 16, 25 etc. There is only one occasion in which the difference between two squared numbers is 7 and this 16-9 or 4^2 - 3^2. Thus the ratio of r/s would be 4/3. Even if you use -1, -2, -3, -4, -5, -6 etc it makes no difference because you still get 4/3.

The solution states that you need both (answer C) in order to solve the problem (and they come up with 4/3 as well). Now using both statements is perfectly valid but why can't I get away with using only (2)?

Note that when you have some doubts on questions especially from MGMAT Test or Veritas prep test, use the search option to check if the question has been discussed before.It will get you answers faster than waiting for response.....

If you don't find you are more than welcome to post it on the Forum _________________

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Re: Manhattan GMAT CAT Question [#permalink]
21 May 2014, 00:41

Expert's post

zsoltvigh wrote:

I came across a question in one of my CAT practice exams and I thought I answered it correctly, but it turns out I was wrong. But I have no idea why my solution is not valid as I get the same answer as the solutions manual (just with a different approach). Can someone clarify this for me?

Thank you!

What is the ratio of r to s?

(1) r + s = 7

(2) r^2 – s^2 = 7

I answered (B) - statement 2 is sufficient. My reasoning was:

Numbers: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 etc Their perfect square: 1, 4, 9, 16, 25 etc. There is only one occasion in which the difference between two squared numbers is 7 and this 16-9 or 4^2 - 3^2. Thus the ratio of r/s would be 4/3. Even if you use -1, -2, -3, -4, -5, -6 etc it makes no difference because you still get 4/3.

The solution states that you need both (answer C) in order to solve the problem (and they come up with 4/3 as well). Now using both statements is perfectly valid but why can't I get away with using only (2)?

Any help would be much appreciated!

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