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Re: What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided [#permalink]
11 May 2009, 20:38

4

This post received KUDOS

reply2spg wrote:

What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided by 2? (1) When n is divided by 5, the remainder is an odd integer. (2) When n is divided by 10, the remainder is an odd integer.

Without testing numbers:

First, there are only two remainders possible when you divide n by 2: 0 and 1. The remainder is 0 if n is even, and 1 if n is odd. So the question is really just asking "is n odd?"

Remember the quotient/remainder definition. When we divide n by d, we have n = qd + r, where r is the remainder and q the quotient.

From S1, n = 5q + r, where r is odd. So n = 5q + odd, and n could be even if q is odd, and n could be odd if q is even. Insufficient.

From S2, n = 10q + r where r is odd. So n = even + odd = odd. Sufficient. _________________

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Re: please explain the answer how the authore arrives to that [#permalink]
25 Feb 2011, 06:40

1

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

naaga wrote:

What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided by 2? (1) When n is divided by 5, the remainder is an odd integer. (2) When n is divided by 10, the remainder is an odd integer

What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided by 2?

Question basically asks whether n is odd or even: if it's odd then the remainder will be 1 and if it's even then the remainder will be zero.

(1) When n is divided by 5, the remainder is an odd integer --> n=5q+odd, so n could be odd (1, 3, 11, 13, 21, 23, ...) as well as even (6, 8, 16, 18, ... ). Not sufficient.

(2) When n is divided by 10, the remainder is an odd integer --> n=10p+odd=even+odd=odd. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

P. S. naaga please always tag your questions. _________________

Re: What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided [#permalink]
11 May 2009, 02:41

reply2spg wrote:

What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided by 2? (1) When n is divided by 5, the remainder is an odd integer. (2) When n is divided by 10, the remainder is an odd integer.

(1) Let n = 8, remainder 3.....so, 8/2 = remainder = 0 Let n = 16, remainder 1....so 16/2 = remainder = 0 Suff (2) n = can be 10,30,50,70,90,110,130 etc All these numbers are divisible by 2, remainder = 0 Suff

Re: What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided [#permalink]
10 Oct 2013, 10:36

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided [#permalink]
08 Jul 2014, 02:38

Bunuel wrote:

naaga wrote:

What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided by 2? (1) When n is divided by 5, the remainder is an odd integer. (2) When n is divided by 10, the remainder is an odd integer

What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided by 2?

Question basically asks whether n is odd or even: if it's odd then the remainder will be 1 and if it's even then the remainder will be zero.

(1) When n is divided by 5, the remainder is an odd integer --> n=5q+odd, so n could be odd (1, 3, 11, 13, 21, 23, ...) as well as even (6, 8, 16, 18, ... ). Not sufficient.

(2) When n is divided by 10, the remainder is an odd integer --> n=10p+odd=even+odd=odd. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

P. S. naaga please always tag your questions.

Bunuel,

how can the remainder of n/5 be 11 or 6 and so on? Isn't it always between 1 and 4? e.g. 9/ 5 = 1+4 or 23 / 5 = 1+3. What am I getting wrong here?

What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided [#permalink]
08 Jul 2014, 03:34

Expert's post

unceldolan wrote:

Bunuel wrote:

naaga wrote:

What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided by 2? (1) When n is divided by 5, the remainder is an odd integer. (2) When n is divided by 10, the remainder is an odd integer

What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided by 2?

Question basically asks whether n is odd or even: if it's odd then the remainder will be 1 and if it's even then the remainder will be zero.

(1) When n is divided by 5, the remainder is an odd integer --> n=5q+odd, so n could be odd (1, 3, 11, 13, 21, 23, ...) as well as even (6, 8, 16, 18, ... ). Not sufficient.

(2) When n is divided by 10, the remainder is an odd integer --> n=10p+odd=even+odd=odd. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

P. S. naaga please always tag your questions.

Bunuel,

how can the remainder of n/5 be 11 or 6 and so on? Isn't it always between 1 and 4? e.g. 9/ 5 = 1+4 or 23 / 5 = 1+3. What am I getting wrong here?

Those are possible values of n, not the possible values of the remainders upon division n by 5. _________________

Re: What is the remainder when the positive integer n is divided [#permalink]
16 Dec 2014, 11:13

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email. _________________

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