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What is the remainder when you divide 2^200 by 7?

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What is the remainder when you divide 2^200 by 7? [#permalink] New post 02 Oct 2011, 10:50
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Question Stats:

53% (01:35) correct 47% (01:00) wrong based on 81 sessions
What is the remainder when you divide 2^200 by 7?

(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4
(E) 5

I saw the explanation but I can't how to figure out with this problem in a straightforward manner.....

And in this part I was really confused

The answers follow this pattern:
2 divided by 7 leaves remainder 2................

From Gmatclub test

OPEN DISCUSSION OF THIS QUESTION IS HERE: what-is-the-remainder-when-you-divide-2-200-by-140821.html
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: how deal with this problem ??? [#permalink] New post 02 Oct 2011, 11:11
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Usually all problems which deal with big numbers and their divisibility involve some type of sequences.
See:
\(2^1=2\) The remainder is 2
\(2^2=4\) The remainder is 4
\(2^3=8\) The remainder is 1
\(2^4=16\) The remainder is 2
\(2^5=32\) The remainder is 4
\(2^6=64\) The remainder is 1
\(2^7=128\) The remainder is 2
...
If you could see, divisibility by 7 is connected with divisibility of the power by 3. If the power of 2 has the remainder 2 when it is divided by 3, then the remainder from division \(2^x\) by 7 is 4.

Since 200 has the remainder of 2 after division by 3, the answer is (D)

If you are frustrated about the remainder of the number which is fewer than 7, remember that the remainder is an integer r, where x=7*n+r, and n is also integer.
So, for example 2=0*7+2, so the remainder of 2 when it is divided by 7 is 2.
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Re: how deal with this problem ??? [#permalink] New post 16 Nov 2011, 14:17
answer is D. this is very similar to the 32^32^32 divided by 7 question.
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Re: how deal with this problem ??? [#permalink] New post 17 Nov 2011, 06:07
You just follow the pattern in remainders as increasing powers of 2 are divided by 7.

In this case it's (2,4,1,2,4,1,....)
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Re: how deal with this problem ??? [#permalink] New post 17 Nov 2011, 08:46
The pattern of such questions is rather easy.
There is a whole lot more to these remainder type of questions. Format of such basic questions follow,
are a cyclical pattern.

For example in this question.
2^1 = 2
2^2 = 4
2^3 = 8
2^4 =16
2^5 =32

For such questions,remember one thing,try to get a difference of 1 between numerator and the denominator.

Here the answer is a clear 2.
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Re: how deal with this problem ??? [#permalink] New post 09 Aug 2013, 03:55
Question without an OA:

REM(2^200/7)

By using binomial thrm:

REM ( 2^198 *2^2)/7

REM [ (7+1)^66 * 4] /7

REM[ (1*4)/7]

Hence , 4
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Re: how deal with this problem ??? [#permalink] New post 09 Aug 2013, 04:39
carcass wrote:
What is the remainder when you divide 2^200 by 7?

(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 4
(E) 5

I saw the explanation but I can't how to figure out with this problem in a straightforward manner.....

And in this part I was really confused

The answers follow this pattern:
2 divided by 7 leaves remainder 2................

From Gmatclub test


..............
..............
(2^200)/7
make closest to the denominator. the closest value of 2^something = 8
so, (2^3)66 . 2^2 (bring cube then balancing it, because 200 is not divided by 3)
8^66 . 2^2
= (7+1)^66 . 2^2
just consider the last number of the entire sequence that is (1)^66 . 2^2 = 4 , this is the remainder ,you don't have to divide it by 7. but if you have any negative value then plus that with the divisor.
suppose you got (7-1)^66 . 2^2 = (-1)^66 . 2^2 = -4. Then add it with the divisor you have. -4+7 = 3 is the remainder.
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Re: What is the remainder when you divide 2^200 by 7? [#permalink] New post 09 Aug 2013, 10:22
Expert's post
Re: What is the remainder when you divide 2^200 by 7?   [#permalink] 09 Aug 2013, 10:22
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