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(1) x divided by 100 has a remainder of 30 --> x=100q+30: 30, 130, 230, ... as you can see every such number has 3 as the tens digit. Sufficient.

(2) x divided by 110 has a remainder of 30 --> x=110p+30: 30, 140, 250, 360, ... so, there are more than 1 value of the tens digit possible. Not sufficient.

Re: What is the tens digit of positive integer x ? [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2014, 09:48

Bunuel wrote:

What is the tens digit of positive integer x ?

(1) x divided by 100 has a remainder of 30 --> x=100q+30: 30, 130, 230, ... as you can see every such number has 3 as the tens digit. Sufficient.

(2) x divided by 110 has a remainder of 30 --> x=110p+30: 30, 140, 250, 360, ... so, there are more than 1 value of the tens digit possible. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

Question 1) x divided by 100 has a remainder of 30 --> x=100q+30: 30, 130, 230, ... as you can see every such number has 3 as the tens digit. Sufficient. QUESTION :How exactly are 30, 130, 230 computed?

(1) x divided by 100 has a remainder of 30 --> x=100q+30: 30, 130, 230, ... as you can see every such number has 3 as the tens digit. Sufficient.

(2) x divided by 110 has a remainder of 30 --> x=110p+30: 30, 140, 250, 360, ... so, there are more than 1 value of the tens digit possible. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

Question 1) x divided by 100 has a remainder of 30 --> x=100q+30: 30, 130, 230, ... as you can see every such number has 3 as the tens digit. Sufficient. QUESTION :How exactly are 30, 130, 230 computed?

If q=0, then x=30; If q=1, then x=130; If q=2, then x=230; If q=3, then x=330; ...

All these numbers when divided by 100 gives the remainder of 30.

Generally, if \(x\) and \(y\) are positive integers, there exist unique integers \(q\) and \(r\), called the quotient and remainder, respectively, such that \(y =divisor*quotient+remainder= xq + r\) and \(0\leq{r}<x\).

For example, when 15 is divided by 6, the quotient is 2 and the remainder is 3 since \(15 = 6*2 + 3\).

Notice that \(0\leq{r}<x\) means that remainder is a non-negative integer and always less than divisor.

This formula can also be written as \(\frac{y}{x} = q + \frac{r}{x}\).

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