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What is the units digit of a^18?

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What is the units digit of a^18? [#permalink] New post 09 Dec 2012, 06:56
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A
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Question Stats:

33% (01:57) correct 67% (00:55) wrong based on 49 sessions
What is the units digit of a^18?

(1) a^2 has a units digit of 9
(2) a^7 has a units digit of 3
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: What is the units digit of a^18? [#permalink] New post 09 Dec 2012, 18:45
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Statement 1 tells us that the number may be either 3 or 7. In either case we will get 9 as the answer. Sufficient.
Statement 2 confirms that the number is 7. So last digit of 7^18 is the same as the last digit of 7^2 , which is 9.
Hence sufficient.
+1 D

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Last edited by Marcab on 10 Dec 2012, 04:40, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: What is the units digit of a^18? [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2012, 00:01
Can you please elaborate??

According to me the number should be 7 and not 3.
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Re: What is the units digit of a^18? [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2012, 00:04
Expert's post
Yes its actually 7 only. I mistook it for a^5.
thanks for pointing that out.

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Re: What is the units digit of a^18? [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2012, 03:45
Ans: we need to find the value of a to get the unit digit, looking at (1) we find that a could be 3 or 7, looking at (2) we find that a is 7 ( the units digit cyclicity is 2 or 4) and only 7 gives a units digit as 3 at raised to power 7. So the answer is (B)

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Re: What is the units digit of a^18? [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2012, 04:14
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Marcab wrote:
Statement 1 tells us that the number may be either 3 or 7. Insufficient.
Statement 2 confirms that the number is 3. So last digit of 3^18 is the same as the last digit of 3^2 , which is 9.
Hence sufficient.
+1 B


Hi Marcab

I have a question and I could be wrong but

lets take A
a^2 has a units digit of 9
As you pointed out that the unit digit of a can be 3 or 7 but the question is asking for unit's digit of a^18. Lets take 3 and 7 seperately
3 units digit - 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, ..... therefore, the units digit for 3^18 is 9
7 units digit - 7, 9, 3, 1, 7, ... therefore, the units digit for 7^18 is 9 too. Thus, SUFFICIENT

2nd statement is clearly sufficient. Therefore, correct answer should be D.

Please let me know if the above explanation is wrong.

Thanks
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Re: What is the units digit of a^18? [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2012, 04:43
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Hii sjai.
Kudos to you.
I am not at all a morning guy and this question is simply restates the fact.
Sorry for the confusion and thanks.

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Re: What is the units digit of a^18? [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2012, 05:05
Answer is D , but why is the official answer B ?
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Re: What is the units digit of a^18? [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2012, 05:08
Marcab wrote:
Hii sjai.
Kudos to you.
I am not at all a morning guy and this question is simply restates the fact.
Sorry for the confusion and thanks.

Thanks Marcab. My first Kudos

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Re: What is the units digit of a^18? [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2012, 05:42
deepri0812 wrote:
Answer is D , but why is the official answer B ?

D => if each answer is sufficient
answer <1> is not sufficient, as there are two answers 3 and 7. it needs to have one answer to be sufficient, hence =>B
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Re: What is the units digit of a^18? [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2012, 05:49
NikRu- question is asking what is the units digit of a^18, which comes as one answer - 9 for both the options .

It does not ask what is the value of a - if that was the case your explanation would have been true.
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Re: What is the units digit of a^18? [#permalink] New post 10 Dec 2012, 06:50
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deepri0812 wrote:
NikRu- question is asking what is the units digit of a^18, which comes as one answer - 9 for both the options .

It does not ask what is the value of a - if that was the case your explanation would have been true.

Ok, another reason why A is not sufficient => it does not say that a is an integer

3.1^2 = > 9

3.1 ^18 => 0 thus not sufficient, answer B
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Re: What is the units digit of a^18? [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2012, 04:37
apoorvarora wrote:
What is the units digit of a^18?

(1) a^2 has a units digit of 9
(2) a^7 has a units digit of 3


Ans: : We need to find a to find the units digit. From statement 1 we get a to be either 3 or 7.
From statement 2 we get a to be 7( checking the cyclicity of numbers we find that only 7 has unit digit 3 at power 7). Therefore the answer is (B).

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Re: What is the units digit of a^18? [#permalink] New post 11 Dec 2012, 04:42
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priyamne wrote:
apoorvarora wrote:
What is the units digit of a^18?

(1) a^2 has a units digit of 9
(2) a^7 has a units digit of 3


Ans: : We need to find a to find the units digit. From statement 1 we get a to be either 3 or 7.
From statement 2 we get a to be 7( checking the cyclicity of numbers we find that only 7 has unit digit 3 at power 7). Therefore the answer is (B).


Units digit of 3^18 and units digit of 7^18 are the same.
Both statements are sufficient.

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Re: What is the units digit of a^18? [#permalink] New post 11 May 2013, 07:19
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NikRu wrote:
.... it does not say that a is an integer


That's the main problem with this question making it a "not-GMAT-like" question.

if a = 4.393

the units digit of a^2 is 9
the units digit of a^7 is 3

but

the units digit of a^18 is 6

Although the answer is E, I believe it's not a GMAT question

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Re: What is the units digit of a^18?   [#permalink] 11 May 2013, 07:19
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