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What kinds of property rights apply to Algonquian family

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What kinds of property rights apply to Algonquian family [#permalink] New post 20 Apr 2011, 12:20
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What kinds of property rights apply to Algonquian family hunting territories, and how did they come to be? The dominant view in recent decades has been that family hunting territories, like other forms of private landownership, were not found among Algonquians (a group of North American Indian tribes) before contact with Europeans but are the result of changes in Algonquian society brought about by the European-Algonquian fur trade, in combination with other factors such as ecological changes and consequent shifts in wildlife harvesting patterns. Another view claims that Algonquian family hunting territories predate contact with Europeans and are forms of private landownership by individuals and families. More recent fieldwork, however, has shown that individual and family rights to hunting territories form part of a larger land-use system of muitifamilial hunting groups, that rights to hunting territories at this larger community level take precedence over those at the individual or family level, and that this system reflects a concept of spiritual and social reciprocity that conflicts with European concepts of private property. In short, there are now strong reasons to think that it was erroneous to claim that Algonquian family hunting territories ever were, or were becoming, a kind of private property system.
1. It can be inferred from the passage that proponents of the view mentioned in highlighted text believe which of the following about the origin of Algonquian family hunting territories?
(A) They evolved from multifamilial hunting territories.
(B) They are an outgrowth of reciprocal land-use practices.
(C) They are based on certain spiritual beliefs.
(D) They developed as a result of contact with Europeans.
(E) They developed as a result of trade with non-Algonquian Indian tribes.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


2. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) provide an explanation for an unexpected phenomenon
(B) suggest that a particular question has yet to be answered
(C) present a new perspective on an issue
(D)defend a traditional view from attack
(E)reconcile opposing sides of an argument
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


3. According to the passage, recent fieldwork has revealed which of the following about rights to hunting territories in Algonquian societies?
(A) Rights at the individual level take precedence over those at the family level.
(B) Rights at the multifamilial level take precedence over those at the family level.
(C) These rights developed as a result of changes in Algonquian society brought about by contact with Europeans.
(D) These rights developed in response to European challenges to Algonquian private land ownership.
(E)These rights developed in response to recent ecological changes that have negatively affected the availability of game.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

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Re: Algonquian family hunting territories [#permalink] New post 10 Jun 2011, 03:26
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Vorskl wrote:
What kinds of property rights apply to Algonquian family hunting territories, and how did they come to [highlight]be? The dominant view[/highlight] in recent decades has been that family hunting territories, like other forms of private landownership, were not found among Algonquians (a group of North American Indian tribes) before contact with Europeans but are the result of changes in Algonquian society brought about by the European-Algonquian fur trade, in combination with other factors such as ecological changes and consequent shifts in wildlife harvesting patterns. Another view claims that Algonquian family hunting territories predate contact with Europeans and are forms of private landownership by individuals and families. More recent fieldwork, however, has shown that individual and family rights to hunting territories form part of a larger land-use system of muitifamilial hunting groups, that rights to hunting territories at this larger community level take precedence over those at the individual or family level, and that this system reflects a concept of spiritual and social reciprocity that conflicts with European concepts of private property. In short, there are now strong reasons to think that it was erroneous to claim that Algonquian family hunting territories ever were, or were becoming, a kind of private property system.


1. It can be inferred from the passage that proponents of the view mentioned in highlighted text believe which of the following about the origin of Algonquian family hunting territories?
(A) They evolved from multifamilial hunting territories.
(B) They are an outgrowth of reciprocal land-use practices.
(C) They are based on certain spiritual beliefs.
(D) They developed as a result of contact with Europeans.
(E) They developed as a result of trade with non-Algonquian Indian tribes.

2. The primary purpose of the passage is to
(A) provide an explanation for an unexpected phenomenon
(B) suggest that a particular question has yet to be answered
(C) present a new perspective on an issue
(D)defend a traditional view from attack
(E)reconcile opposing sides of an argument

3. According to the passage, recent fieldwork has revealed which of the following about rights to hunting territories in Algonquian societies?
(A) Rights at the individual level take precedence over those at the family level.
(B) Rights at the multifamilial level take precedence over those at the family level.
(C) These rights developed as a result of changes in Algonquian society brought about by contact with Europeans.
(D) These rights developed in response to European challenges to Algonquian private land ownership.
(E)These rights developed in response to recent ecological changes that have negatively affected the availability of game.

OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D, C, B


Hats off to GMATPrep for creating such nice passages and thanks to the authors for posting them.

Issue: What kinds of property rights apply to Algonquian family hunting territories.
Discuss:
How the hunting territories came into existence and presents two opposing views about its creation, however both the views agree that these properties are to be considered private property.
Author presents an information about recent studies regarding these properties. Those studies suggest that rights of these properties are dictated at a social level rather than a private level and needs some considerations before conforming them as private property.

1.
family hunting territories are the result of changes in Algonquian society brought about by the European-Algonquian fur trade.
D.

2.
(C) present a new perspective on an issue.
there are now strong reasons to think that it was erroneous to claim that Algonquian family hunting territories ever were, or were becoming, a kind of private property system.
The tone of the author suggests that she/he wants a revaluation before categorization of the property.

3.
rights to hunting territories at this larger community level take precedence over those at the individual or family level,
B.
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Re: Algonquian family hunting territories [#permalink] New post 12 Jun 2011, 02:05
My answer are DAB. though i was not confident with the second answer. C is also not clear because the author does not present a new perspective.
Please could someone give more details.
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Re: Algonquian family hunting territories [#permalink] New post 01 Sep 2011, 00:23
Can someone please explain about why answer to question 2 is C? Why not B? It says particular question is yet to be answered and which seems correct
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Re: Algonquian family hunting territories [#permalink] New post 05 Oct 2011, 06:48
because B only considers the last few lines of the passage

for answering these kind of questions you need to have an holistic approach
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Re: Algonquian family hunting territories [#permalink] New post 16 Oct 2011, 02:24
I picked D,C and B as well.

Guys, what is the ideal time duration we can afford for such a passage?
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Re: What kinds of property rights apply to Algonquian family [#permalink] New post 31 Oct 2011, 09:22
1) D
2) C
3) B.

Good passage.
Although short,it needs concentration on the idea of where the passage is headed.
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Re: What kinds of property rights apply to Algonquian family [#permalink] New post 15 Nov 2012, 01:08
the real gmat passage which appear first normally is short and contain a very long sentence which is the fist sentence or second sentence. it takes time to rad this long sentence.

How to read this long sentence faster?

any one has experience, pls, share.
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Re: What kinds of property rights apply to Algonquian family [#permalink] New post 06 Mar 2014, 02:42
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Re: What kinds of property rights apply to Algonquian family [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2014, 03:35
D, C, and B.

Great passage...helps re-honing finer points
Re: What kinds of property rights apply to Algonquian family   [#permalink] 07 Jul 2014, 03:35
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