In the multiplication problem above, A, B, and C represent distinct digits. If the sum of A and B is equal to 5, what is the value of C?
No idea how to solve this, I think I do not understand the question!
The letters are placeholders for some specific digits. You need to plug in digits for the letters such that the multiplication relation holds. Also, a letter stands for the same digit in each occurrence i.e. the product is CC means both the digits of the product are the same.
In such questions, it is sometimes a good idea to look at the overall picture. A two digit number starting with 2 is multiplied by a single digit number to give CC i.e. 00 or 11 or 22 or 33 or 44 or 55 or 66 or 77 or 88 or 99
The only numbers out of these which can be obtained by multiplying 2A by B are 00 (If B = 0 but B and C must be distinct) or 22 (If A = 2 and B = 1 but A, B and C must be distinct), 44 (If A = 2 and B = 2 but again, A, B and C must be distinct) or 66 (If A = 2 and B = 3. Also, A + B = 5 so condition satisfied. This must be the answer.)
The multiplication will look like this:
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