Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

It is currently 07 Feb 2016, 18:54
GMAT Club Tests


GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance


we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

What would be required for successful direct protection of

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
User avatar
Joined: 07 Dec 2011
Posts: 104
Location: India
Concentration: International Business, Strategy
GMAT Date: 07-30-2012
GPA: 2.66
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 36

Kudos [?]: 275 [0], given: 116

What would be required for successful direct protection of [#permalink] New post 06 Jul 2012, 23:27
Complete discussion is at the below mentioned link

What would be required for successful direct protection of human rights? The authority to command violating parties to do otherwise? The ability to enforce such a command? Overwhelming political pressure directed against human rights violations to the exclusion of other interests? No United Nations human rights body has such authority and power.
The United Nations‘ primary raison d‘etre in the human rights field as acted upon by the Human Rights Committee is long-term. It may be that the sum total of UN activity in this field is supposed to socialize or educate actors into changing their views and policies on human rights over time toward a cosmopolitan human rights standard as defined by United Nations instruments. Conversely one can say that the entirety of UN human rights activity is to dispense or withhold a stamp of legitimacy on member states according to their human rights record. It can be persuasively argued that in some cases a ruling regime lost ground in its struggle for legitimacy in the eyes of important actors because of violations of aforementioned rights. The United Nations‘ definition of human rights probably contributed to the process.
At some point, socialization and manipulation of legitimacy must directly change specific behaviour and must lead to direct protection by some actor. In a few situations this linkage can already be demonstrated. In the case of Filartiga v. Peña Irala in the United States, a federal court held torture to be prohibited by customary international law, using United Nations instruments and actions as part of its reasoning. ―Once a tort can be considered to be in violation of the law of nations, Sec. 1350 allows immediate access to a federal court.… It is now generally accepted by the United States and the vast majority of other member nations of the United Nations that gross violations of human rights are, as a matter of international law, a legitimate concern of the world community.‖ This case opened the possibility of express prosecution of torturers of any nationality who appear in the jurisdiction of the United States. Other courts in the U.S. have also used United Nations instruments and activities as part of their decisions, and other states beyond the U.S. show some influence from UN instruments in their legal and administrative decisions. The 1998 Pinochet extradition case in London, described by Human Rights Watch as a ―wake-up call‖ to tyrants everywhere, was decided on the basis that both Britain and Chile had ratified the United Nations Convention against Torture.

2. The passage suggests that the author would most likely agree with which of the following statements?
A. The UN has done little to affect the protection and establishment of human rights.
B. Human rights violations should be the primary concern of the UN.
C. International policies can be influenced by UN activities and proclamations.
D. Future human rights court cases may turn to UN policies for assistance.
E. The UN needs to be given military powers

Please press Kudos if you found this post helpful

Kaplan GMAT Prep Discount CodesKnewton GMAT Discount CodesGMAT Pill GMAT Discount Codes
What would be required for successful direct protection of   [#permalink] 06 Jul 2012, 23:27
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Experts publish their posts in the topic Social learning in animals is said to occur when direct or voodoochild 3 26 Oct 2012, 12:16
The majority of successful senior managers do not closely teal 11 27 Aug 2011, 09:09
5 Experts publish their posts in the topic What would be required for successful direct protection of h siddhans 16 14 Jun 2011, 00:47
I would like to ask you what you think are the correct ShinjiIkari 0 12 Feb 2011, 21:59
Thought it would be a good idea to list what people like to londonluddite 2 16 Oct 2006, 14:27
Display posts from previous: Sort by

What would be required for successful direct protection of

  Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.