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# When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York

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Director
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When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2006, 12:53
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When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when the canal was used, it took less than eight days and cost less than$6.

A. When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when the canal was used, it B. Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost$100; using the canal, it

C. Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks and cost $100; on the canal the move D. In 1825, before opening the Erie Canal, to move a ton of wheat took three weeks from Buffalo to New York City, which cost$100; moving it on the canal

E. To move a ton of wheat in 1825 from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks before the opening of the Erie Canal, costing $100, but in using the canal, the move . [Reveal] Spoiler: OA Last edited by Vyshak on 10 Jun 2016, 22:10, edited 1 time in total. Corrected the question Intern Joined: 06 Feb 2006 Posts: 19 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 0 Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink] ### Show Tags 23 Mar 2006, 15:20 When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost$90, but when the canal was used, it took eight days and cost $4. A) same B) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks, costing$90; using the canal, it

C) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825 took three weeks and cost $90; on the canal, the move D) Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, to move a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks and cost$90; using it, the move

E) To move a ton of wheat took three weeks and cost $90 from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825; on the canal, it D it is. The bold portion should make it pretty clear why?. See the difference?. Director Joined: 24 Oct 2005 Posts: 575 Location: NYC Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 47 [0], given: 0 Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink] ### Show Tags 23 Mar 2006, 15:40 I agree. read it too quickly.. assumed "of" is there.. _________________ Success is my only option, failure is not -- Eminem Intern Joined: 05 Feb 2005 Posts: 2 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0 Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink] ### Show Tags 24 Mar 2006, 09:24 C) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825 took three weeks and cost$90; on the canal, the move [Correct, but do we require 'movement' instead of 'move']

Don't you think that in C "of" is missing before the opening ..the Erie Canal.
Is is correct?
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2006, 09:45
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I re-read the whole sentence again. Did proper analysis and here is what I found out. Critisisms of this analysis are welcome ( we all can learn by relevantly critisizing each other). The "of" is missed accidently and that is not being tested here.
My style is top-down approach for these long sentences. Start from clauses and phrases. I have clauses(independent/dependent) as bold, phrases(all kinds as italics).If everything is right with clauses,phrases(placement and sense), I go after sub-verb,pronoun agreement etc.

Option A:
When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $90, but when the canal was used, it took eight days and cost$4.

This choice can be broken down like this:

b]When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City [/b]before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $90, AND but when the canal was used, it took eight days and cost$4.

These are two "independent" ideas in one sentence. The second one is correct in structure. "it" clearly refers to "ton".The first one has one problem. The phrase before the opening ... modifies what?. New York City or "it" after it?. There is a "comma" missing. The first independent idea would have made sense with an extra comma:

b]When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City [/b],before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $90, ---> Now it makes sense, and so does the whole sentence. A IS THUS GRAMATICALLY WRONG. Now Choice B: B) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks, costing$90; using the canal, it (rest of the sentence here)

The independent clause is underlined, its broken to confuse us.Italics are all modifiers. If we remove phrases the clause would be:
Moving a ton of wheat it took three weeks --> it is redundant, our first problems. There are then problems with modifier placements.
,costing $90; ---semicolon indicates end of clause, so costing 90 is part of previous clause not the one following. If that is true costing 90 is modifying weeks not "it". No need to go furthur in rest of the sentence. B IS WRONG Now lets see C: C) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825 took three weeks and cost$90; on the canal, the move

The independent clause(underlined portion with bold) will make perfect sence without the portion in italics.
Moving a ton of wheat took three weeks and cost $90. A perfect sentence, or an independent clause.The italics modify as follows: (Moving a ton of wheat)-modifies by-(from Buffalo to New York City ) ((Moving a ton of wheat)--(from Buffalo to New York City ))--modified by --before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825 Perfect, no problems. C IS RIGHT: **I am not going furthur, but you can continue the same analysis and see that D and E are wrong. D) Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, to move a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks and cost$90; using it, the move

E) To move a ton of wheat took three weeks and cost $90 from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825; on the canal, it Director Joined: 27 Feb 2006 Posts: 632 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 41 [0], given: 0 Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink] ### Show Tags 25 Mar 2006, 04:39 OA is ^ C ^ Firstly this question confused me because, we use "take" with "to infinitive" such as: It took me three weeks to repair this radio. In A we have an unnecessary "it". In others, "it" is used ambigiously. However, in this question, C is the best grammatically. Current Student Joined: 29 Jan 2005 Posts: 5239 Followers: 23 Kudos [?]: 319 [0], given: 0 Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink] ### Show Tags 25 Mar 2006, 05:36 Only choice (C) unambiguously uses the semicolon correctly (both phrases can stand alone) -What cost$4, the move or the canal??

@Bewakoof: always trust your own gut instinct.
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2013, 07:45
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The question posted was incorrect , find below the actual GMAT prep Q

When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City
before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it
took three weeks and cost
$100, but when the canal was used, it took less than eight days and cost less than$6.
A. When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before
the opening of the
Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when the canal was used, it B. Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost$100; using the canal, it
C. Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, moving a ton of wheat from
Buffalo to New York City took three weeks and cost $100; on the canal the move D. In 1825, before opening the Erie Canal, to move a ton of wheat took three weeks from Buffalo to New York City, which cost$100; moving it on the canal
E. To move a ton of wheat in 1825 from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks
before the opening of the Erie Canal, costing $100, but in using the canal, the move . Thanks TT Senior Manager Joined: 15 Sep 2011 Posts: 351 Location: United States WE: Corporate Finance (Manufacturing) Followers: 6 Kudos [?]: 258 [1] , given: 45 Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink] ### Show Tags 03 Feb 2014, 04:52 1 This post received KUDOS A) When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost$90, but when the canal was used, it "was being" is redundant; relative pronoun "when" should be "before" or "after"

B) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks, costing $90; using the canal, it "it" has no referent, so the opening modifier is dangling C) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825 took three weeks and cost$90; on the canal, the move OK

D) Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, to move a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks and cost $90; using it, the move "it" does not have a referent E) To move a ton of wheat took three weeks and cost$90 from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825; on the canal, it "it" does not have a referent
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2014, 05:56
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A) When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100, but when the canal was used, it "was being" is redundant' "it" has no logical referent B) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks, costing$90; using the canal, it "it" has no referent; "costing" is misplace modifier (describes a cause-effect relationship OR the something in the previous clause?); "it" cannot use the canal (since there's no logic referent)

C) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825 took three weeks and cost $90; on the canal, the move OK - Perhaps "moving" and "move" are not parallel so as to trick into eliminating answer choice. D) Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, to move a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks and cost$90; using it, the move ""it" has no referent

E) To move a ton of wheat took three weeks and cost $90 from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825; on the canal, it "it" has no referent; "from Buffalo to NYC before..." all describe "cost", thereby making the sentence illogical GMAT Club Legend Joined: 01 Oct 2013 Posts: 9174 Followers: 800 Kudos [?]: 165 [0], given: 0 Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink] ### Show Tags 10 Mar 2015, 10:18 Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot! Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos). Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email. Manager Joined: 15 Feb 2015 Posts: 113 Followers: 2 Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 101 Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink] ### Show Tags 24 Mar 2015, 08:08 mejia401 wrote: A) When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost$100, but when the canal was used, it "was being" is redundant' "it" has no logical referent

B) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks, costing $90; using the canal, it "it" has no referent; "costing" is misplace modifier (describes a cause-effect relationship OR the something in the previous clause?); "it" cannot use the canal (since there's no logic referent) C) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825 took three weeks and cost$90; on the canal, the move OK - Perhaps "moving" and "move" are not parallel so as to trick into eliminating answer choice.

D) Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, to move a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks and cost $90; using it, the move ""it" has no referent E) To move a ton of wheat took three weeks and cost$90 from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825; on the canal, it "it" has no referent; "from Buffalo to NYC before..." all describe "cost", thereby making the sentence illogical

I agree that 'IT' in option D does not have a referent, but does this sound correct: 'BEFORE THE OPENING THE' which is used in first three options?
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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03 May 2015, 19:22
selene wrote:
When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $90, but when the canal was used, it took eight days and cost$4.

A) same

B) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks, costing $90; using the canal, it C) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825 took three weeks and cost$90; on the canal, the move

D) Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, to move a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks and cost $90; using it, the move E) To move a ton of wheat took three weeks and cost$90 from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825; on the canal, it

A: "Was being moved" a continuous action is unnecessary here.
B: "using " must refer to a Noun. "It" cannot work here as a Noun because of lack of a referent.
C-OK
D:The canal was opened in 1825, not the action was done in that year
E: Same as above. 1825 must refer to the year of opening
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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03 May 2015, 19:34
Follow this principle ( apart from other error analysis ) :

Semi colon divides two independent clauses ; Only option C gives the best way to give the explanation without any dependency on the first clause

Other options have " it " , which makes the second clause dependent on first clause

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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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18 May 2016, 20:37
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2016, 06:45
selene wrote:
When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $90, but when the canal was used, it took eight days and cost$4.

A) When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $90, but when the canal was used, it B) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks, costing$90; using the canal, it

C) Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825 took three weeks and cost $90; on the canal, the move D) Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, to move a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks and cost$90; using it, the move

E) To move a ton of wheat took three weeks and cost $90 from Buffalo to New York City before the opening the Erie Canal in 1825; on the canal, it 'it' in all options but in C is an ambiguous pronoun. Only in option 'C' 'it is replaced with 'The move' and resolves the ambiguity. _________________ I welcome critical analysis of my post!! That will help me reach 700+ Manager Joined: 17 Oct 2015 Posts: 123 Location: India Concentration: Finance GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V37 GMAT 2: 700 Q44 V41 WE: Corporate Finance (Commercial Banking) Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 316 Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York [#permalink] ### Show Tags 10 Jun 2016, 23:15 OA is C. When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost$100, but when the canal was used, it took less than eight days and cost less than $6. A. When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost$100, but when the canal was used, it
Well, a couple of errors we can trace:
1. WAS BEING MOVED--Past continous is wrong here and not parallel to the simple past verb of 'It took"
2. Comma wrongly put between 'but when the canal was used, it took....'

B. Moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, it took three weeks and cost $100; using the canal, it Moving a ton from buffalo to NYC before opening of canal---it wrongly chnges the meaning by implying that the movement took place just before the Canal opening.. Also, 'IT' is creating ambiguity.. C. Before the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, moving a ton of wheat from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks and cost$100; on the canal the move
A promising option as per me. Perfect sentence structure also. Independent statement joined using semi colon. Usage of comma b/w dependent clause followed by independent clause.. Meaning also is clear and it removes the confusion IT created in original stmt..

D. In 1825, before opening the Erie Canal, to move a ton of wheat took three weeks from Buffalo to New York City, which cost $100; moving it on the canal 1. Before opening the Erie canal--Now, who opened it?? the missing subject issue is prominent. 2.from Buffalo to NYC, which cost---->well this implies that NYC cost$100. A big LOL to that.

E. To move a ton of wheat in 1825 from Buffalo to New York City took three weeks before the opening of the Erie Canal, costing \$100, but in using the canal, the move .

Very unidiomatic use 'but in using the canal'
Non parallel too
---immediately eliminate.

Hope it helps
Re: When a ton of wheat was being moved from Buffalo to New York   [#permalink] 10 Jun 2016, 23:15
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