Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 27 Jul 2016, 07:11

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 11 Jul 2012
Posts: 53
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 586 [1] , given: 0

When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2012, 11:54
1
KUDOS
7
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

83% (02:08) correct 17% (01:37) wrong based on 1185 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Manhattan GMAT Instructor
Joined: 08 May 2012
Posts: 51
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 770 Q50 V47
Followers: 254

Kudos [?]: 269 [5] , given: 4

Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2012, 13:55
5
KUDOS
Expert's post
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
betterscore wrote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Good problem. Let's take a look at it step-by-step:

Identify the Question Type. We want to "cast ... doubt on the conclusion drawn," so this is definitely a Weaken the Conclusion question.

Deconstruct the Argument. Since it's Weaken, be on the lookout for unstated Assumptions and think about how we could use those to poke holes in the argument.

Here's the basic structure:

Conclusion: High demand should lead to a decrease in on-the-job accidents.

Premises: High demand means more money for safety and machine maintenance.

Ok, so what's the Assumption here? We're assuming that "more money spent on safety" = "fewer accidents". How can we pick this apart? Could other factors have an impact on the number of accidents? Absolutely!! We won't be able to predict what "other factors" might pop up in the correct answer, but at least we have a pretty good idea of what to look for.

Restate the Goal. We're trying to Weaken the Conclusion, which for this problem means we want to identify another factor that could actually lead to more accidents even during times of higher demand. Notice how we've basically reframed the question so that it applies to the specifics of this problem. This is something I always try to do on CR before looking at the answer choices.

Work through the Answers, moving from Wrong to Right. Let's take a look:

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.

This could definitely be bad for safety! If we have high demand and spend more on safety, but then hire new workers and don't properly train them, this could provide another factor that leads to more accidents. Leave it in, try to eliminate other choices.

(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.

This is probably relevant, but makes the factory more safe. It actually Strengthens. Eliminate.

(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Same problem as (D). If it is relavent at all, it Strengthens. Eliminate.

So indeed, we're left with (B)!

Major Takeaways:

(2) Look for Assumptions on Strengthen/Weaken questions.
(3) Beware "opposite" trap answers (relavent, but strengthens when it should weaken, or vice versa).
(4) State the goal in simple terms that are specific to the question before looking at the answers.

Cheers,
Mark
_________________

Mark Sullivan | Manhattan GMAT Instructor | Seattle, WA

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile

Intern
Joined: 19 Jun 2010
Posts: 48
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 5 [1] , given: 17

Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Oct 2015, 12:19
1
KUDOS
Hello,
Can I just ask why A is wrong? My reasoning is that if employees ask for more money, and the mgmt grants them more money, then less money will be available to be spent on safety etc...
Is my reasoning wrong because in the question the author states that "more money is spent when demand is high" so the fact that employees ask for higher wages could already be "priced" in to the comment that the author mentioned?

best
Oloman

MarkSullivan wrote:
betterscore wrote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Good problem. Let's take a look at it step-by-step:

Identify the Question Type. We want to "cast ... doubt on the conclusion drawn," so this is definitely a Weaken the Conclusion question.

Deconstruct the Argument. Since it's Weaken, be on the lookout for unstated Assumptions and think about how we could use those to poke holes in the argument.

Here's the basic structure:

Conclusion: High demand should lead to a decrease in on-the-job accidents.

Premises: High demand means more money for safety and machine maintenance.

Ok, so what's the Assumption here? We're assuming that "more money spent on safety" = "fewer accidents". How can we pick this apart? Could other factors have an impact on the number of accidents? Absolutely!! We won't be able to predict what "other factors" might pop up in the correct answer, but at least we have a pretty good idea of what to look for.

Restate the Goal. We're trying to Weaken the Conclusion, which for this problem means we want to identify another factor that could actually lead to more accidents even during times of higher demand. Notice how we've basically reframed the question so that it applies to the specifics of this problem. This is something I always try to do on CR before looking at the answer choices.

Work through the Answers, moving from Wrong to Right. Let's take a look:

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.

This could definitely be bad for safety! If we have high demand and spend more on safety, but then hire new workers and don't properly train them, this could provide another factor that leads to more accidents. Leave it in, try to eliminate other choices.

(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.

This is probably relevant, but makes the factory more safe. It actually Strengthens. Eliminate.

(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Same problem as (D). If it is relavent at all, it Strengthens. Eliminate.

So indeed, we're left with (B)!

Major Takeaways:

(2) Look for Assumptions on Strengthen/Weaken questions.
(3) Beware "opposite" trap answers (relavent, but strengthens when it should weaken, or vice versa).
(4) State the goal in simple terms that are specific to the question before looking at the answers.

Cheers,
Mark
Manager
Joined: 10 May 2012
Posts: 69
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 3

Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2012, 20:25
Wow too simple to be categorised for 700+
Manager
Joined: 24 Sep 2008
Posts: 191
Schools: MIT / INSEAD / IIM - ABC
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 76 [0], given: 7

Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2012, 03:53
betterscore wrote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Looking for a weakner for the following conclusion:
Conclusion: the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

A: Irrelevant
B: Right Contender for CORRECT Choice
C: Irrelevant
D: If management sponsors safety, then it should support and not weaken
E: Again, irrelevant and supports the conclusion

Cheers
GODSPEED
Manager
Joined: 02 Jan 2011
Posts: 201
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 50 [0], given: 22

Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jul 2012, 03:55
Conclusion can be weakend if we prove that more accidents occur when products are in high demand than in low demand period.

B. Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly. - With new inexperienced workers on the shop floor, accidents are sure to occur - Weekens the arguement - Correct
Intern
Joined: 02 Aug 2012
Posts: 19
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 22

Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Dec 2012, 21:59
I incorrectly chose D, here's why:

I figured that if the demand was low, and if the company purchased new machinery, no maintenance would be required when demand is low. THIS IS CLEARLY incorrect, but that was my thought process in case anyone else fell for the same trap that I did.

So just to make sure I have this one dialed in, A is correct because more employees with less training=more chances of accidents?
Director
Status: Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 635
Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V41
GMAT 3: 790 Q51 V49
GPA: 3.3
Followers: 48

Kudos [?]: 311 [0], given: 297

Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Apr 2014, 10:42
MarkSullivan wrote:
betterscore wrote:
When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is spent at the factory for safety precautions and machinery maintenance than when demand is low. Thus the average number of on-the-job accidents per employee each month should be lower during periods when demand is high than when demand is low and less money is available for safety precautions and machinery maintenance.

Which of the following, if true about a factory when demand for its products is high, casts the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.
(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.
(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.
(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.
(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Good problem. Let's take a look at it step-by-step:

Identify the Question Type. We want to "cast ... doubt on the conclusion drawn," so this is definitely a Weaken the Conclusion question.

Deconstruct the Argument. Since it's Weaken, be on the lookout for unstated Assumptions and think about how we could use those to poke holes in the argument.

Here's the basic structure:

Conclusion: High demand should lead to a decrease in on-the-job accidents.

Premises: High demand means more money for safety and machine maintenance.

Ok, so what's the Assumption here? We're assuming that "more money spent on safety" = "fewer accidents". How can we pick this apart? Could other factors have an impact on the number of accidents? Absolutely!! We won't be able to predict what "other factors" might pop up in the correct answer, but at least we have a pretty good idea of what to look for.

Restate the Goal. We're trying to Weaken the Conclusion, which for this problem means we want to identify another factor that could actually lead to more accidents even during times of higher demand. Notice how we've basically reframed the question so that it applies to the specifics of this problem. This is something I always try to do on CR before looking at the answer choices.

Work through the Answers, moving from Wrong to Right. Let's take a look:

(A) Its employees ask for higher wages than they do at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(B) Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly.

This could definitely be bad for safety! If we have high demand and spend more on safety, but then hire new workers and don't properly train them, this could provide another factor that leads to more accidents. Leave it in, try to eliminate other choices.

(C) Its employees are less likely to lose their jobs than they are at other times.

This has no impact on safety. Eliminate.

(D) Its management sponsors a monthly safety award for each division in the factory.

This is probably relevant, but makes the factory more safe. It actually Strengthens. Eliminate.

(E) Its old machinery is replaced with modern, automated models.

Same problem as (D). If it is relavent at all, it Strengthens. Eliminate.

So indeed, we're left with (B)!

Major Takeaways:

(2) Look for Assumptions on Strengthen/Weaken questions.
(3) Beware "opposite" trap answers (relavent, but strengthens when it should weaken, or vice versa).
(4) State the goal in simple terms that are specific to the question before looking at the answers.

Cheers,
Mark

Best strategy is to find the assumption and then to find the reasoning which weakens that.
_________________

Like my post Send me a Kudos It is a Good manner.
My Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-score-750-and-750-i-moved-from-710-to-189016.html

Manager
Joined: 20 Jan 2014
Posts: 186
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Marketing
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 40 [0], given: 120

Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Sep 2014, 04:47
Conclusion can be weakend if we prove that more accidents occur when products are in high demand than in low demand period.

B. Its management hires new workers but lacks the time to train them properly. - With new inexperienced workers \ accidents are sure to occur - Weekens the arguement -
_________________

Affiliations: Oracle certified java programmer , adobe certified developer
Joined: 14 Jul 2013
Posts: 141
GMAT Date: 02-12-2015
GPA: 3.87
WE: Programming (Telecommunications)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 37

Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Oct 2014, 05:16
B it is- because management does not have time to train ppl.. causing accidents.
_________________

IF IT IS TO BE , IT IS UP TO ME

Manager
Joined: 11 Oct 2013
Posts: 124
Concentration: Marketing, General Management
GMAT 1: 600 Q41 V31
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 42 [0], given: 137

Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Oct 2014, 04:48
How is E not relevant? Supposedly, the old machinery will be replaced with modern when the demand is high ==> less on-job accidents , strengthen, agreed!
But the machinery would be the same when the demand goes less later. So, even with less demand ==> less on-job accidents.

What am I missing?
_________________

Its not over..

Manager
Joined: 07 Dec 2009
Posts: 110
GMAT Date: 12-03-2014
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 24 [0], given: 367

Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Jan 2015, 04:45
I didn't like any option given in the question but since I had to pick one I went with B.
The conclusion is that the average number of on-the-job accidents PER EMPLOYEE each month should be lower when the demand is higher.
A -> not relevant
B -> if the number of employees increase and everything else remains the same then I thought well the accident per employee should have decreased. but it also says that the new employees were not trained. Hence decided to keep this option. Lets check the other options out.
C->not relevant
D->if at at this one seems to strengthen the argument.
E->Seems to strengthen the argument

B was the best option and hence picked it.
Intern
Joined: 02 Jan 2015
Posts: 5
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Jan 2015, 02:25
For all who said 'E ' strengthens :
To me it actually does not.If new machineries are used the employees are still not very much experienced to operate the new machineries like that of the old machineries and hence accidents will increase.Therefore E weakens the conclusion.

Posted from my mobile device
Re: When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is   [#permalink] 03 Jan 2015, 02:25
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 Factory Y is greatly dependent upon high-quality water for the natural 1 25 Feb 2016, 09:53
13 Nearly all employees of the factory who have completed their high 13 09 Aug 2015, 11:10
3 When demand for a factory's products is high, more money is 8 13 Feb 2013, 04:35
1 A product s design can be more valuable than the product 10 02 Feb 2013, 10:14
When the economy is in a recession, overall demand for goods 2 01 Jul 2009, 01:01
Display posts from previous: Sort by