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When integer m is divided by 13, the quotient is q and the r [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2009, 13:08

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When integer m is divided by 13, the quotient is q and the remainder is 2. When m is divided by 17, the remainder is also 2. What is the remainder when q is divided by 17?

When integer m is divided by 13, the quotient is q and the remainder is 2. When m is divided by 17, the remainder is also 2. What is the remainder when q is divided by 17?

A. 0 B. 2 C. 4 D. 9 E. 13

Detailed explanations please.

From the definition of quotients and remainders, we have:

m = 13q + 2 m = 17a + 2

(note that the quotient is different in the second case). So we have

13q + 2 = 17a + 2 13q = 17a

and since this equation involves only integers, the primes that divide the right side must divide the left, and vice versa. That is, q must be divisible by 17, and a must be divisible by 13. If q is divisible by 17, the remainder is zero when you divide q by 17.

Of course, if you can see that q = 17 is one possible value for q here, you can use that to get the answer of zero quickly as well.
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Got 0 as well but am I right in thinking that 0 is another possible value of q?

Yes, perfectly correct - and that makes the question quite easy!
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But, once I reduce the equation to 13q=17x, I am unable to make any deductions...can someone provide a clear explanation on how to use algebra to derive the values when we still have variables?

Careful here; if 13q = 17p, all you can say is that q is a multiple of 17, and that p is a multiple of 13. There is no way to find the actual value of q or p, and you certainly cannot be sure that q=17. It could be that q=34 and p=26, for example.

In general, if you see an equation like 13q = 17p, and if q and p are integers, then 13q and 17p are *the same number*. So they must have the same divisors. Since 17 is a divisor of 17p, it must be a divisor of 13q, so q must be divisible by 17.

Alternatively you can rewrite the equation as p = 13q/17, and since p is an integer, 13q/17 must be an integer, from which again we have that 13q is divisible by 17, so q is divisible by 17.
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If you are looking for online GMAT math tutoring, or if you are interested in buying my advanced Quant books and problem sets, please contact me at ianstewartgmat at gmail.com

Re: When integer m is divided by 13, the quotient is q and the r [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2014, 03:19

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Yes, you are correct in your approach. This question can be solved either by algebra as shown by Ian above or by plugging a few values as you have done. The trick here is to realise that you are finding a number that gives a remainder of 2 with both 13 and 17.
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Re: When integer m is divided by 13, the quotient is q and the r [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2016, 05:22

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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