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When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the

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When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2012, 02:12
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When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the United States in 1916, he arrived at precisely the right historical moment. What made the moment right was the return of African American soldiers from the First World War in 1918, which created an ideal constituency for someone with Garvey's message of unity, pride, and improved conditions for African American communities.

  Hoping to participate in the traditional American ethos of individual success, many African American people entered the armed forces with enthusiasm, only to find themselves segregated from white troops and subjected to numerous indignities. They returned to a United States that was as segregated as it had been before the war. Considering similar experiences, anthropologist Anthony F. C. Wallace has argued that when a perceptible gap arises between a culture’s expectations and the reality of that culture, the resulting tension can inspire a revitalization movement: an organized, conscious effort to construct a culture that fulfills longstanding expectations.

  Some scholars have argued that Garvey created the consciousness from which he built, in the 1920s, the largest revitalization movement in African American history. But such an argument only tends to obscure the consciousness of identity, strength, and sense of history that already existed in the African American community. Garvey did not create this consciousness; rather, he gave this consciousness its political expression.
14.According to the passage, which of the following contributed to Marcus Garvey's success?
A. He introduced cultural and historical consciousness to the African American community.
B. He believed enthusiastically in the traditional American success ethos.
C. His audience had already formed a consciousness that made it receptive to his message.
D. His message appealed to critics of African American support for United States military involvement in the First World War.
E. He supported the movement to protest segregation that had emerged prior to his arrival in the United States.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C


15.The passage suggests that many African American people responded to their experiences in the armed forces in which of the following ways?
A. They maintained as civilians their enthusiastic allegiance to the armed forces.
B. They questioned United States involvement in the First World War.
C. They joined political organizations to protest the segregation of African American troops and the indignities they suffered in the military.
D. They became aware of the gap between their expectations and the realities of American culture.
E. They repudiated Garvey's message of pride and unity.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D


16.It can be inferred from the passage that the “scholars” mentioned in the highlight text believe which of the following to be true?
A. Revitalization resulted from the political activism of returning African American soldiers following the First World War.
B. Marcus Garvey had to change a number of prevailing attitudes in order for his mass movement to find a foothold in the United States.
C. The prevailing sensibility of the African American community provided the foundation of Marcus Garvey’s political appeal.
D. Marcus Garvey hoped to revitalize consciousness of cultural and historical identity in the African American community.
E. The goal of the mass movement that Marcus Garvey helped bring into being was to build on the pride and unity among African Americans.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B


17.According to the passage, many African American people joined the armed forces during the First World War for which of the following reasons?
A. They wished to escape worsening economic conditions in African American communities.
B. They expected to fulfill ideals of personal attainment.
C. They sought to express their loyalty to the United States.
D. They hoped that joining the military would help advance the cause of desegregation.
E. They saw military service as an opportunity to fulfill Marcus Garvey’s political vision.
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B


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Last edited by omidsa on 04 Aug 2012, 04:07, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: "ACCORDING to the PASSAGE"...? [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2012, 02:18
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Question 14 begins with the phrase " According to the passage", which indicates the answer must be found directly from the passage and we don't need to infer it from the passage. Unfortunately, as OG 13 OA mentions that the answer is C, this answer choice is not directly mentioned in the passage. of course we could conclude that it is the correct answer but as we all know from Critical Reasoning concluding from some premises are inference type questions. Am I right?

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Re: "ACCORDING to the PASSAGE"...? [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2012, 02:50
"But such an argument only tends to obscure the consciousness of identity, strength, and sense of history that already existed in the African American community. Garvey did not create this consciousness; rather, he gave this consciousness its political expression."

Leaving the CR skills aside. i think the answer choice directly follows from these lines. The answer choice c is directly mentioned. Which choice did you pick ?

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Re: "ACCORDING to the PASSAGE"...? [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2012, 04:11
mandyrhtdm wrote:
"But such an argument only tends to obscure the consciousness of identity, strength, and sense of history that already existed in the African American community. Garvey did not create this consciousness; rather, he gave this consciousness its political expression."

Leaving the CR skills aside. i think the answer choice directly follows from these lines. The answer choice c is directly mentioned. Which choice did you pick ?

Wh

Thanks for your reply. But where does this statement mention that this is Marcus's success?

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Re: "ACCORDING to the PASSAGE"...? [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2012, 04:19
Answer this Question after reading only the first and the last para.
What would be marcus's success ?
And if we look deeply this line :
*Some scholars have argued that Garvey created the consciousness from which he built, in the 1920s, the largest revitalization movement in African American history. *

If you answer the followng thre qustions you will ace the entire passge.
And find what would have brought this revolution ? Who brought this revolution ? and why did Only he succeed in doing this?
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Re: "ACCORDING to the PASSAGE"...? [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2012, 04:33
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Thanks again.

Would you please clarify : " from which he built" refers to what?

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Re: "ACCORDING to the PASSAGE"...? [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2012, 04:40
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"consciousness "
Removing the useless part
"Garvey created the consciousness from which he built the largest revitalization movement."
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Re: OG 13 Tests: When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2012, 15:35
My Answer is:

CCDB

Can someone post the OAs ?
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Re: OG 13 Tests: When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus [#permalink] New post 24 Aug 2012, 22:24
The Official Answer is CDBB.

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Re: When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2013, 02:03
Can someone throw some light on e and b options on question 16. How do we eliminate E

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Re: When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2013, 02:21
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farhanc85 wrote:
Can someone throw some light on e and b options on question 16. How do we eliminate E

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E. The goal of the mass movement that Marcus Garvey helped bring into being was to build on the pride and unity among African Americans.

option E is wrong because GARVEY wanted unity, pride, and improved conditions for African American communities.
and not AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS

When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the United States in 1916, he arrived at precisely the right historical moment. What made the moment right was the return of African American soldiers from the First World War in 1918, which created an ideal constituency for someone withGarvey's message of unity, pride, and improved conditions for African American communities.

Hope it helps

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Re: OG 13 Tests: When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2013, 02:27
Could someone explain how the 3 question is B I cant see how this is inferred.
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Re: When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2013, 11:01
blueseas wrote:
farhanc85 wrote:
Can someone throw some light on e and b options on question 16. How do we eliminate E

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E. The goal of the mass movement that Marcus Garvey helped bring into being was to build on the pride and unity among African Americans.

option E is wrong because GARVEY wanted unity, pride, and improved conditions for African American communities.
and not AMONG AFRICAN AMERICANS

When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the United States in 1916, he arrived at precisely the right historical moment. What made the moment right was the return of African American soldiers from the First World War in 1918, which created an ideal constituency for someone withGarvey's message of unity, pride, and improved conditions for African American communities.

Hope it helps



That's brilliant a very small point but very important indeed.

Thanks mate

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Re: When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2013, 03:33
Can anyone tell me why the answer for 17th question is B.Why not D?
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Re: OG 13 Tests: When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2013, 03:42
nroy347 wrote:
Can anyone tell me why the answer for 17th question is B.Why not D?


17.According to the passage, many African American people joined the armed forces during the First World War for which of the following reasons?

The part of the text we have to look at is this:
"Hoping to participate in the traditional American ethos of individual success, many African American people entered the armed forces with enthusiasm,"

B. They expected to fulfill ideals of personal attainment.
The passage states "ethos of individual success", and B is pretty much a rewording of the above part.

D. They hoped that joining the military would help advance the cause of desegregation.
We know that they "find themselves segregated from white troops and subjected to numerous indignities.", but we cannot say that they joined the army to advance the cause of desegregation.

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Re: When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2013, 09:03
thanx a lot Zarrolou...The explaination was useful. :)
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Re: When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2013, 13:55
Can some one please explain how to arrive at option B in question 16?
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Re: When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the [#permalink] New post 05 Aug 2013, 20:09
nitin6305 wrote:
Can some one please explain how to arrive at option B in question 16?


16.It can be inferred from the passage that the “scholars” mentioned in the highlight text believe which of the following to be true?
A. Revitalization resulted from the political activism of returning African American soldiers following the First World War.
B. Marcus Garvey had to change a number of prevailing attitudes in order for his mass movement to find a foothold in the United States.
C. The prevailing sensibility of the African American community provided the foundation of Marcus Garvey’s political appeal.
D. Marcus Garvey hoped to revitalize consciousness of cultural and historical identity in the African American community.
E. The goal of the mass movement that Marcus Garvey helped bring into being was to build on the pride and unity among African Americans.

we need to infer about the scholars.
IN the argument it is written:
Some scholars have argued that Garvey created the consciousness from which he built, in the 1920s, the largest revitalization movement in African American history.
in this line CREATED THE CONSCIOUSNESS means GARVEY created new thought in the mind of people which can be said in other words that he changed the attitude of people.
WHY HE DID SO? to build the largest revitalization movement==>means he changed the mind of people and made them ready for the movement in US.

option B says:Marcus Garvey had to change a number of prevailing attitudes in order for his mass movement to find a foothold in the United States.

hope this helps

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Re: When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the   [#permalink] 05 Aug 2013, 20:09
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