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When one thousand entering college freshmen were recently

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When one thousand entering college freshmen were recently [#permalink] New post 26 Feb 2012, 06:06
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A
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29% (02:29) correct 71% (01:44) wrong based on 17 sessions
When one thousand entering college freshmen were recently surveyed about their political beliefs, 20 percent scored in the middle range representing political neutrality. When this smaller subgroup was surveyed again in their parents' homes during their first vacation, 60 percent scored on the conservative side of the scale. However, when the students were sophomores, a third survey revealed that 75 percent of this same subgroup scored on the liberal side of the scale. It was concluded that the political beliefs of college students tend to reflect their environment.

Which of the following, if true, would tend to support this conclusion?

A. Freshmen are less inhibited at school than they are at home and so tend to answer questions more truthfully at school.

B. Most members of the subgroup came from homes that were politically conservative.

C. Freshmen tend to develop new interests and objectives after their first year at college.

D. Most of the freshmen who were rated as politically neutral did not perceive themselves to be neutral.

E. Most members of the original survey group scored on the politically conservative end of the spectrum.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Chembeti on 26 Feb 2012, 23:06, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: When one thousand entering college freshmen were recently [#permalink] New post 26 Feb 2012, 17:48
Chembeti wrote:
When one thousand entering college freshmen were recently surveyed about their political beliefs, 20 percent scored in the middle range representing political neutrality. When this smaller subgroup was surveyed again in their parents' homes during their first vacation, 60 percent scored on the conservative side of the scale. However, when the students were sophomores, a third survey revealed that 75 percent of this same subgroup scored on the liberal side of the scale. It was concluded that the political beliefs of college students tend to reflect their environment.

Which of the following, if true, would tend to support this conclusion?

A. Freshmen are less inhibited at school than they are at home and so tend to answer questions more truthfully at school.

B. Most members of the subgroup came from homes that were politically conservative.

C. Freshmen tend to develop new interests and objectives after their first year at college.

D. Most of the freshmen who were rated as politically neutral did not perceive themselves to be neutral.

E. Most members of the original survey group scored on the politically conservative end of the spectrum.


I got B.. C doesn't make sense.

A) wrong because if freshmen weren't answering truthfully at home, then their political beliefs did not reflect their environment. Only their answers reflected their environment. answers which are not necessarily true..

B) Correct because if most members of the sub group came from politically conservative households it would make sense for most them to have conservative views while on vacation at home and then to have liberal views when in college as sophomores...

C) Irrelevant. political beliefs cannot be logically related to new interests without making a lot of logical leaps.

D) Again irrelevant. Their view of themselves doesn't matter here..

E) Irrelevant. We do not even have data on the entire original group to analyse their behaviour for the given statement of political beliefs being affected by the environment..

So I think B is definitely the right answer.. Can't see how it could be C at all!!!!
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Re: When one thousand entering college freshmen were recently [#permalink] New post 26 Feb 2012, 19:41
Premise:
1, 20% of students who had middle scores have choose political neutrality
2, Then, when these students take a vacation at home, 60% of these 20% scored on conservative side of the scale.
3, When 20% of these students is sophomores, 75% of 20% scored on the liberal side of the scale.

=> conclusion: The political beliefs of college students tend to reflect their environment.


B. Most members of the subgroup came from homes that were politically conservative. => this choice only provide the information of the political background of students, not support anything relate to the changing trend of the students

C. Freshmen tend to develop new interests and objectives after their first year at college. => this choice said the freshmen tend to change their interests and objectives => Correct one

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Re: When one thousand entering college freshmen were recently [#permalink] New post 26 Feb 2012, 20:09
^ I disagree with your criticism of "B". the changing trend is given in the premises. If 60% very conservative when surveyed earlier, and 75% were liberals when surveyed at a later date, there has been a change in the political views of at least 15% of those in the subgroup. The fact that most members of the sub group came from politically conservative households would support the conclusion in that the conservative environment at home affected their political views until they spent more time at college and their views were affected by the new environment.

Also in the case of "C" to say that freshmen change their political views just because they develop new interests (not change interests) is quite a leap.. For example, I may decide to take up guitar lessons while in college but that has no bearing on my views on a different topic like politics.. :)
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Re: When one thousand entering college freshmen were recently [#permalink] New post 26 Feb 2012, 23:09
tuanquang269 wrote:
Premise:
1, 20% of students who had middle scores have choose political neutrality
2, Then, when these students take a vacation at home, 60% of these 20% scored on conservative side of the scale.
3, When 20% of these students is sophomores, 75% of 20% scored on the liberal side of the scale.

=> conclusion: The political beliefs of college students tend to reflect their environment.


B. Most members of the subgroup came from homes that were politically conservative. => this choice only provide the information of the political background of students, not support anything relate to the changing trend of the students

C. Freshmen tend to develop new interests and objectives after their first year at college. => this choice said the freshmen tend to change their interests and objectives => Correct one


@tuanquang269

Sorry, it was my bad. The correct OA is B, but not C.

@karun0109
Thanks for pointing it out. Your analysis is perfectly valid. I have updated the OA.

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Re: When one thousand entering college freshmen were recently [#permalink] New post 27 Feb 2012, 22:18
karun0109 wrote:
^ I disagree with your criticism of "B". the changing trend is given in the premises. If 60% very conservative when surveyed earlier, and 75% were liberals when surveyed at a later date, there has been a change in the political views of at least 15% of those in the subgroup. The fact that most members of the sub group came from politically conservative households would support the conclusion in that the conservative environment at home affected their political views until they spent more time at college and their views were affected by the new environment.

Also in the case of "C" to say that freshmen change their political views just because they develop new interests (not change interests) is quite a leap.. For example, I may decide to take up guitar lessons while in college but that has no bearing on my views on a different topic like politics.. :)


Your explanation is so great. Thanks :D

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Re: When one thousand entering college freshmen were recently   [#permalink] 27 Feb 2012, 22:18
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