Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 26 Aug 2016, 19:25

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# When people engage in activities that help others, their

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 21 Feb 2012
Posts: 115
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 600 Q49 V23
GPA: 3.8
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 97 [1] , given: 15

When people engage in activities that help others, their [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2012, 07:37
1
This post received
KUDOS
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

56% (02:28) correct 44% (01:37) wrong based on 333 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

When people engage in activities that help others,their brain releases endorphins,
the brain’s natural opiates, which induce in people a feeling of well-being. It has
been suggested that regular release of endorphins increases people’s longevity.
And a statistic on adults who regularly engage in volunteer work helping others
shows that they live longer, on average, than adults who do not volunteer. However,
that statistic would be what we would expect even if volunteering does not
boost longevity, because ________________________
Which of the following most logically completes the argument?
A. In the communities studied, women were much more likely to do regular
volunteer work than men were, and women tend to live longer than men do.
B. The number of young adults who do regular volunteer work is on the increase
C. The feelings of well-being induced by endorphins can, at least for a time, mask
the symptoms of various conditions and diseases, provided the symptoms are
mild.
D. It is rare for a person to keep up a regular schedule of volunteer work throughout
his or her life.
E. Some people find that keeping a commitment to do regular volunteer work
becomes a source of stress in their lives.

someone plz explain this one?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Intern
Joined: 16 Apr 2012
Posts: 12
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, Organizational Behavior
GPA: 3.79
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 9 [1] , given: 1

Re: Critical reasoning [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2012, 08:25
1
This post received
KUDOS
Here's my explanation: The correct answer will logically complete the sentence, and so it logically has to have something to do with what has been mentioned in the first part of the sentence, which is about volunteer not boosting longevity. The sentence also contains the keyword "however", indicating that the answer must address the fact that the author is about to say something contradictory to what has come before. So, the answer must downplay the significance of the study. I found it by POE and ignoring irrelevant answer choices.

A. In the communities studied, women were much more likely to do regular
volunteer work than men were, and women tend to live longer than men do. (correct - this gives an alternate explanation to the study, weakening it by showing that the average age is only higher for volunteers because most volunteers arewomen and because women live longer than men)
B. The number of young adults who do regular volunteer work is on the increase (outside scope - young adults were not mentioned)
C. The feelings of well-being induced by endorphins can, at least for a time, mask
the symptoms of various conditions and diseases, provided the symptoms are
mild. (irrelevant)
D. It is rare for a person to keep up a regular schedule of volunteer work throughout
his or her life. (irrelevant)
E. Some people find that keeping a commitment to do regular volunteer work
becomes a source of stress in their lives. (irrelevant)

POE really helps with this one - eliminate what is outside scope or irrelevant.
Manager
Joined: 21 Feb 2012
Posts: 115
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 600 Q49 V23
GPA: 3.8
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 97 [0], given: 15

Re: Critical reasoning [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2012, 08:47
albertaudi wrote:
Here's my explanation: The correct answer will logically complete the sentence, and so it logically has to have something to do with what has been mentioned in the first part of the sentence, which is about volunteer not boosting longevity. The sentence also contains the keyword "however", indicating that the answer must address the fact that the author is about to say something contradictory to what has come before. So, the answer must downplay the significance of the study. I found it by POE and ignoring irrelevant answer choices.

A. In the communities studied, women were much more likely to do regular
volunteer work than men were, and women tend to live longer than men do. (correct - this gives an alternate explanation to the study, weakening it by showing that the average age is only higher for volunteers because most volunteers arewomen and because women live longer than men)
B. The number of young adults who do regular volunteer work is on the increase (outside scope - young adults were not mentioned)
C. The feelings of well-being induced by endorphins can, at least for a time, mask
the symptoms of various conditions and diseases, provided the symptoms are
mild. (irrelevant)
D. It is rare for a person to keep up a regular schedule of volunteer work throughout
his or her life. (irrelevant)
E. Some people find that keeping a commitment to do regular volunteer work
becomes a source of stress in their lives. (irrelevant)

POE really helps with this one - eliminate what is outside scope or irrelevant.

I thought that B was the correct answer, the reason was that if the number of young adults who do regular volunteer work increases, then it would be true that, "And a statistic on adults who regularly engage in volunteer work helping others shows that they live longer."
Manager
Joined: 21 Feb 2012
Posts: 115
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 600 Q49 V23
GPA: 3.8
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 97 [0], given: 15

Re: Critical reasoning [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2012, 08:51
piyushksharma wrote:
albertaudi wrote:
Here's my explanation: The correct answer will logically complete the sentence, and so it logically has to have something to do with what has been mentioned in the first part of the sentence, which is about volunteer not boosting longevity. The sentence also contains the keyword "however", indicating that the answer must address the fact that the author is about to say something contradictory to what has come before. So, the answer must downplay the significance of the study. I found it by POE and ignoring irrelevant answer choices.

A. In the communities studied, women were much more likely to do regular
volunteer work than men were, and women tend to live longer than men do. (correct - this gives an alternate explanation to the study, weakening it by showing that the average age is only higher for volunteers because most volunteers arewomen and because women live longer than men)
B. The number of young adults who do regular volunteer work is on the increase (outside scope - young adults were not mentioned)
C. The feelings of well-being induced by endorphins can, at least for a time, mask
the symptoms of various conditions and diseases, provided the symptoms are
mild. (irrelevant)
D. It is rare for a person to keep up a regular schedule of volunteer work throughout
his or her life. (irrelevant)
E. Some people find that keeping a commitment to do regular volunteer work
becomes a source of stress in their lives. (irrelevant)

POE really helps with this one - eliminate what is outside scope or irrelevant.

I thought that B was the correct answer, the reason was that if the number of young adults who do regular volunteer work increases, then it would be true that, "And a statistic on adults who regularly engage in volunteer work helping others shows that they live longer."

can u elaborate option A as your answer in detail please?
Intern
Joined: 16 Apr 2012
Posts: 12
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, Organizational Behavior
GPA: 3.79
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 9 [2] , given: 1

Re: Critical reasoning [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2012, 10:26
2
This post received
KUDOS
Well, first off it isn't B because young adults were not mentioned at all, and in fact the question prompt says that the study is on adults, not young adults.

It is A because you're looking for something that will logically complete the sentence, and the sentence starts off with "However, that statistic would be what we expect even if volunteering does not boost longevity, because..." This means that whatever completes the sentence MUST provide evidence supporting the fact that the results of the study (that volunteers live longer) could have possibly been caused by something other than the act of volunteering itself. Therefore the answer must be A because A is the only answer that provides us with an additional reason that people from the survey live longer. Instead of living longer simply because they are volunteering and producing endorphins, the people in the survey are living longer because they are predominantly women (since the survey only looks at people who volunteer and the survey was done in an area where women volunteer more than men), and women live longer than men.

Does that make sense?
Intern
Joined: 27 Apr 2012
Posts: 40
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 650 Q46 V34
GPA: 3.3
WE: Consulting (Accounting)
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 9

Re: Critical reasoning [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Jul 2012, 13:19
albertaudi wrote:
Well, first off it isn't B because young adults were not mentioned at all, and in fact the question prompt says that the study is on adults, not young adults.

It is A because you're looking for something that will logically complete the sentence, and the sentence starts off with "However, that statistic would be what we expect even if volunteering does not boost longevity, because..." This means that whatever completes the sentence MUST provide evidence supporting the fact that the results of the study (that volunteers live longer) could have possibly been caused by something other than the act of volunteering itself. Therefore the answer must be A because A is the only answer that provides us with an additional reason that people from the survey live longer. Instead of living longer simply because they are volunteering and producing endorphins, the people in the survey are living longer because they are predominantly women (since the survey only looks at people who volunteer and the survey was done in an area where women volunteer more than men), and women live longer than men.

Does that make sense?

Thank you for your explanation. I have a question on the following: "Instead of living longer simply because they are volunteering and producing endorphins, the people in the survey are living longer because they are predominantly women".

The answWomen do more volunteer work. So how do we know women live longer is due to the fact that they are women or the fact that they do more volunteer work?er said Women are more likely to do volunteer work and women live longer. Now there are two variables: 1. They are women and 2.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 9232
Followers: 803

Kudos [?]: 165 [0], given: 0

Re: When people engage in activities that help others, their [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Apr 2014, 15:11
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 9232
Followers: 803

Kudos [?]: 165 [0], given: 0

Re: When people engage in activities that help others, their [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Mar 2016, 02:12
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: When people engage in activities that help others, their   [#permalink] 14 Mar 2016, 02:12
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 Once people habitually engaged in conversation 1 05 Apr 2015, 08:12
6 Once people habitually engaged in conversation, now the 3 31 Oct 2013, 20:47
16 A physically active lifestyle has been shown to help 13 28 Mar 2013, 04:20
2 The recreation camp provides activities for young people 8 17 Sep 2012, 22:54
43 When people engage in activities that help others, their 15 29 Mar 2012, 12:58
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# When people engage in activities that help others, their

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.