When the prime lending rates went up in 1987, economists : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# When the prime lending rates went up in 1987, economists

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When the prime lending rates went up in 1987, economists [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2007, 10:15
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923. When the prime lending rates went up in 1987, economists determined they would cause interest rates to rise and then decline over the ensuing five-year period.
(A) they would cause interest rates to rise and then decline
(B) they would mean that interest rates would rise and then decline
(C) that they will cause interest rates to rise and then decline
(D) that the increase would cause interest rates to rise and then decline
(E) that the increase would cause interest rates’ rising and subsequent declining

Please explain why an answer is wrong. thanks.
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19 Jun 2007, 10:55
D <- idiomatic, correct modification
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Re: SC1000 #923 Prime lending rates [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2007, 11:11
bmwhype2 wrote:
923. When the prime lending rates went up in 1987, economists determined they would cause interest rates to rise and then decline over the ensuing five-year period.
(A) they would cause interest rates to rise and then decline
(B) they would mean that interest rates would rise and then decline
(C) that they will cause interest rates to rise and then decline
(D) that the increase would cause interest rates to rise and then decline
(E) that the increase would cause interest rates’ rising and subsequent declining

Please explain why an answer is wrong. thanks.

"they" is ambigous. So that rules out A, B and C

Between D and E, I choose D.
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19 Jun 2007, 11:12
I agree with D. The "they" in A, B, and C is not clear. "They" could refer to prime rates or economists.

In D, "to rise" is correct.
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20 Jun 2007, 03:25
why not E? plz explain..

Any way, between D and E, i would choose D. but, want to know what is wrong with E?
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20 Jun 2007, 09:51
syamee_u wrote:
why not E? plz explain..

Any way, between D and E, i would choose D. but, want to know what is wrong with E?

Syamee,

I think "interest rates’ rising and subsequent declining " makes E incorrect
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20 Jun 2007, 20:36
goalsnr wrote:
syamee_u wrote:
why not E? plz explain..

Any way, between D and E, i would choose D. but, want to know what is wrong with E?

Syamee,

I think "interest rates’ rising and subsequent declining " makes E incorrect

I chose D, but Syamee brings up an interesting point...

are rising and declining gerunds (nouns?)
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20 Jun 2007, 21:29
In the context of the sentence, "They" is unclear whether it refers to the rates or the economists.

Using the Process of Elimination, choices A,B, and C are out.
Choice E is wordy and awkward, with incorrect use of "ing" for rising and declining. D is much more clear and concise.

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27 Jun 2007, 21:53
Mishari wrote:
In the context of the sentence, "They" is unclear whether it refers to the rates or the economists.

Using the Process of Elimination, choices A,B, and C are out.
Choice E is wordy and awkward, with incorrect use of "ing" for rising and declining. D is much more clear and concise.

OA is D.
I think E is incorrect because interest rates' rising and subsequent declining describes the interest rate's actions as gerunds/nouns rather than as verbs.
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Re: SC1000 #923 Prime lending rates [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2010, 21:06
For D to be the correct choice, don't we need "to rise and TO decline"??? Is "to rise and then decline" parallel??
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Re: SC1000 #923 Prime lending rates [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2010, 09:21
D is correct.

"they" is ambiguous in A, B and C. E is incorrect because of using "rising" and "declining"
Re: SC1000 #923 Prime lending rates   [#permalink] 10 Aug 2010, 09:21
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# When the prime lending rates went up in 1987, economists

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