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# Whenever a major political scandal erupts before an election

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Director
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Whenever a major political scandal erupts before an election [#permalink]

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10 May 2005, 16:31
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21. Whenever a major political scandal erupts before an election and voters blame the scandal on all parties about equally, virtually all incumbents, from whatever party, seeking reelection are returned to office. However, when voters blame such a scandal on only one party, incumbents from that party are likely to be defeated by challengers from other parties. The proportion of incumbents who seek reelection is high and remarkably constant from election to election.

If the votersâ€™ reactions are guided by a principle, which one of the following principles would best account for the contrast in reactions described above?

(A) Whenever one incumbent is responsible for one major political scandal and another incumbent is responsible for another, the consequences for the two incumbents should be the same.
(B) When a major political scandal is blamed on incumbents from all parties, that judgment is more accurate than any judgment that incumbents from only on party are to blame.
(C) Incumbents who are rightly blamed for a major political scandal should not seek reelection, but if they do, they should not be returned to office.
(D) Major political scandals can practically always be blamed on incumbents, but whether those incumbents should be voted out of office depends on who their challengers are.
(E) When major political scandals are less the responsibility of individual incumbents than of the parties to which they belong, whatever party was responsible must be penalized when possible.
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11 May 2005, 03:47
A little dicey. I'd go with C.

Any other viewpoints?
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11 May 2005, 06:37
after spending a huge lot of time, will go for A.

this is why - we either hold all parties responsible , or one party responsible.
in either case, the incumbents suffer.

so in both cases, the incumbents have to deal with the same problem - that is they are thrown out of their job.
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11 May 2005, 08:29
"C"

Incumbents who are rightly blamed for a major political scandal should not seek reelection, but if they do, they should not be returned to office.

=>Incumbents who are rightly blamed for a major political scandal -
IMplies that all parties are not blamed and one party is targetted.

=>but if they do, they should not be returned to office -
Implies, voters don't want those incumbents from the party to be re-relected and hence the contrast.
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11 May 2005, 09:00
i don't quite understand the question. I go with D
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14 May 2005, 15:02
The OA is E.
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16 May 2005, 09:50
Winwin, do you have OE?
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16 May 2005, 13:01
This question confused the hell out of me, but I now see why E is correct.
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# Whenever a major political scandal erupts before an election

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