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Whenever a major political scandal erupts before an election

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Whenever a major political scandal erupts before an election [#permalink] New post 09 Sep 2009, 03:40
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A
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D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

14% (02:44) correct 86% (02:46) wrong based on 41 sessions
Whenever a major political scandal erupts before an election and voters blame the scandal on all parties about equally, virtually all incumbents, from whatever party, seeking reelection are returned to office. However, when voters blame such a scandal on only one party, incumbents from that party are likely to be defeated by challengers from other parties. The proportion of incumbents who seek reelection is high and remarkably constant from election to election.

If the voters’ reactions are guided by a principle, which one of the following principles would best account for the contrast in reactions described above?

(A) Whenever one incumbent is responsible for one major political scandal and another incumbent is responsible for another, the consequences for the two incumbents should be the same.
(B) When a major political scandal is blamed on incumbents from all parties, that judgment is more accurate than any judgment that incumbents from only on party are to blame.
(C) Incumbents who are rightly blamed for a major political scandal should not seek reelection, but if they do, they should not be returned to office.
(D) Major political scandals can practically always be blamed on incumbents, but whether those incumbents should be voted out of office depends on who their challengers are.
(E) When major political scandals are less the responsibility of individual incumbents than of the parties to which they belong, whatever party was responsible must be penalized when possible.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by MacFauz on 16 Mar 2014, 05:14, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA
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Re: CR : voters’ reactions [#permalink] New post 09 Sep 2009, 03:43
IMO E.

Other options go beyond the scope.
Could someone please explain the meaning of below phrases. I did not know the meaning and initially felt that the question was very difficult.

to seek reelection - does this mean that the incumbent seeks for reelection after he has lost one?
returned to office - :(
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Re: CR : voters’ reactions [#permalink] New post 09 Sep 2009, 11:12
amolsk11 wrote:
IMO E.

Other options go beyond the scope.
Could someone please explain the meaning of below phrases. I did not know the meaning and initially felt that the question was very difficult.

to seek reelection - does this mean that the incumbent seeks for reelection after he has lost one?
returned to office - :(



Seeking reelection means the incumbent who is currently in office wants to serve another term.

Returned to office means that they have been re-elected.


I also agree with you that the answer is E.
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Re: CR : voters’ reactions [#permalink] New post 09 Sep 2009, 23:36
IMO E
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Re: CR : voters’ reactions [#permalink] New post 09 Sep 2009, 23:42
Thanks a lot for the explanation Lincfucious.
OA is E.
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Re: CR : voters’ reactions [#permalink] New post 29 Oct 2009, 16:00
COuld somebody please explain?
B>eliminate.Nobody is talking about accuracy.
D>eliminate.Dependence on challengers.
C>goes against.Eliminate.

Please explain A and E
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Re: CR : voters’ reactions [#permalink] New post 05 Nov 2009, 09:53
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IMO E
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Re: CR : voters’ reactions [#permalink] New post 10 May 2011, 03:31
Made a judgement error in this.
Between D and E,picked up D instead since all the incumbents were involved in scandal was an assumption I made.
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Re: Whenever a major political scandal erupts before an election [#permalink] New post 21 May 2012, 05:17
I picked A and could not quite understand why it was E. Can anyone explain, please
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Re: Whenever a major political scandal erupts before an election [#permalink] New post 21 May 2012, 05:31
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gmatfighter12 wrote:
I picked A and could not quite understand why it was E. Can anyone explain, please

'Parts of the Whole' method is used to test on many different question types. If you spot it fast enough, the answers are very straightforward. The spotting here is that an incumbent is member (part) of a party (whole). If you've done this, just ask yourself these 2 questions:

If a certain Part has an attribute, is it necessary that the Whole has it?
If the Whole has a quality, is it necessary that each part has it?

Since the stimulus is a principle q, voters seem to adhere to q1 above and hence answer E.

You can use sports as a 'Parts of the Whole' analogy to see this: Phillies is the best team in the MLB. Therefore all its pitchers are the best pitchers in MLB. Is that logically right?
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Re: Whenever a major political scandal erupts before an election [#permalink] New post 21 May 2012, 07:01
narangvaibhav - Thank you very much for the explanation. It is extremely useful.
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Re: Whenever a major political scandal erupts before an election [#permalink] New post 21 May 2012, 07:50
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Thanks for the answer. The reason why I had a hard time was the meaning of E. I could not quite understand what it is saying. And I found this


(E) When major political scandals are less the responsibility of individual incumbents than of the parties to which they belong,(scandal is blamed on the party, not the incumbent) whatever party was responsible must be penalized when possible (but if both are responsible then the incumbent will not necessarily be penalized).

http://www.top-law-schools.com/archives ... =6&t=44835
Re: Whenever a major political scandal erupts before an election   [#permalink] 21 May 2012, 07:50
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