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Whenever martin has a restaurant bill with an amount between

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Whenever martin has a restaurant bill with an amount between [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2011, 12:48
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Question Stats:

72% (02:18) correct 27% (01:18) wrong based on 170 sessions
Whenever martin has a restaurant bill with an amount between $10 and $99, he calculates the dollar amount of the tip as 2times the tens digit of the amount of his bill.If the amount of the Martin's most recent restaurant bill was between $10 and $99, was the tip calculated by the martin on this bill greater than 15 percent of the amount of the bill?

(1) The amount of the bill was between $15 and $50
(2) The tip calculated by the martin was $8

[Reveal] Spoiler:
1) as bill amount is between $15 and $50
tens digit can be any digit from 1,2,3,4

not sufficient

2) tip is 8
let y is the tens digit
2(y) = 8
y = 4
not sufficient

from 1 and 2

for any value of tens digit from 1 to 4 inclusive

and y=4

we can conclude that calculated tip ill be greater than the 15% of amount of bill

C
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: whenever martin has a restaurant bill [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2011, 13:21
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Expert's post
GMATD11 wrote:
whenever martin has a restaurant bill with an amount between $10 and $99, he calculates the dollar amount of the tip as 2times the tens digit of the amount of his bill. If the amount of the Martin's most recent restaurant bill was between $10 and $99, was the tip calculated by the martin on this bill greater than 15 percent of the amount of the bill?

1) The amount of the bill was between $15 and $50
2) The tip calculated by the martin was $8


C is not correct.

You can solve this question algebraically but I think simple analysis would be better.

(1) The amount of the bill was between $15 and $50 --> 15<bill<50. Now if the bill was 20$ then the tip would be 2*2=$4 (2 times tens digit) so more than 0.15*20=$3 (15% of the bill) but if the bill was 29$ then the tip would still be 2*2=$4 but in this case less than 0.15*29=~$4.5. Not sufficient.

(2) The tip calculated by the martin was $8 --> Tip=$8 means that: 40<=bill<50 (so that the tens digit of the bill to be 4). Now, even if the bill was exactly $50 (uppert limit), 15% of it would be 0.15*50=$7.5 and it's still less than $8. So the answer to the question is YES: the tip (8$) was greater than 15% of the bill. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

Similar question: sally-s-bill-greater-than-25-of-the-amount-108351.html
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Re: whenever martin has a restaurant bill [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2011, 14:14
yes, it has to be B. since the 15% of 50 is 7.5, and if the tip is 8, then the tip value between 40 to 50 will always be more than 7.5

where as for 1 the value can be less than 15% to more than 15%, depending if the amount is for example between 15 to 19, vs between 25 to 29
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Re: Whenever martin has a restaurant bill with an amount between [#permalink] New post 31 May 2013, 04:43
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Re: whenever martin has a restaurant bill [#permalink] New post 17 Oct 2013, 06:01
Bunuel wrote:
GMATD11 wrote:
whenever martin has a restaurant bill with an amount between $10 and $99, he calculates the dollar amount of the tip as 2times the tens digit of the amount of his bill. If the amount of the Martin's most recent restaurant bill was between $10 and $99, was the tip calculated by the martin on this bill greater than 15 percent of the amount of the bill?

1) The amount of the bill was between $15 and $50
2) The tip calculated by the martin was $8


C is not correct.

You can solve this question algebraically but I think simple analysis would be better.

(1) The amount of the bill was between $15 and $50 --> 15<bill<50. Now if the bill was 20$ then the tip would be 2*2=$4 (2 times tens digit) so more than 0.15*20=$3 (15% of the bill) but if the bill was 29$ then the tip would still be 2*2=$4 but in this case less than 0.15*29=~$4.5. Not sufficient.

(2) The tip calculated by the martin was $8 --> Tip=$8 means that: 40<=bill<50 (so that the tens digit of the bill to be 4). Now, even if the bill was exactly $50 (uppert limit), 15% of it would be 0.15*50=$7.5 and it's still less than $8. So the answer to the question is YES: the tip (8$) was greater than 15% of the bill. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

Similar question: sally-s-bill-greater-than-25-of-the-amount-108351.html


Hi Bunuel, for this question. In the first statement, how do you know what amount for the bill to choose in order to increase your odds of having a yes/no answer. Do you tipically look for a lower/middle or upper range?

Thanks
Cheers
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Re: whenever martin has a restaurant bill [#permalink] New post 17 Oct 2013, 07:38
Expert's post
jlgdr wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
GMATD11 wrote:
whenever martin has a restaurant bill with an amount between $10 and $99, he calculates the dollar amount of the tip as 2times the tens digit of the amount of his bill. If the amount of the Martin's most recent restaurant bill was between $10 and $99, was the tip calculated by the martin on this bill greater than 15 percent of the amount of the bill?

1) The amount of the bill was between $15 and $50
2) The tip calculated by the martin was $8


C is not correct.

You can solve this question algebraically but I think simple analysis would be better.

(1) The amount of the bill was between $15 and $50 --> 15<bill<50. Now if the bill was 20$ then the tip would be 2*2=$4 (2 times tens digit) so more than 0.15*20=$3 (15% of the bill) but if the bill was 29$ then the tip would still be 2*2=$4 but in this case less than 0.15*29=~$4.5. Not sufficient.

(2) The tip calculated by the martin was $8 --> Tip=$8 means that: 40<=bill<50 (so that the tens digit of the bill to be 4). Now, even if the bill was exactly $50 (uppert limit), 15% of it would be 0.15*50=$7.5 and it's still less than $8. So the answer to the question is YES: the tip (8$) was greater than 15% of the bill. Sufficient.

Answer: B.

Similar question: sally-s-bill-greater-than-25-of-the-amount-108351.html


Hi Bunuel, for this question. In the first statement, how do you know what amount for the bill to choose in order to increase your odds of having a yes/no answer. Do you tipically look for a lower/middle or upper range?

Thanks
Cheers
J :)


Well, it depends on the question but to test extreme values might be a good thing to do.

For this question, as the tip is tied to the tens digit of the bill, then I chose two extreme amounts which have the same tens digit so generate the same tip (20 and 29).
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NEW TO MATH FORUM? PLEASE READ THIS: ALL YOU NEED FOR QUANT!!!

PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 11 Rules for Posting!!!

RESOURCES: [GMAT MATH BOOK]; 1. Triangles; 2. Polygons; 3. Coordinate Geometry; 4. Factorials; 5. Circles; 6. Number Theory; 7. Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets; 9. PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders; 11. GMAT Prep Software Analysis NEW!!!; 12. SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) NEW!!!; 12. Tricky questions from previous years. NEW!!!;

COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS ; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: whenever martin has a restaurant bill   [#permalink] 17 Oct 2013, 07:38
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