3.Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of prime minister, the status of women in Pakistan is little changed from how it was in the last century.
(A) is little changed from how it was
(B) is a little change from how it was
(C) has changed little
(D) has changed little from how it has been
(E) is little changed from the way it was
3. This really baffles me.. how can there be "has " when referring to last century. I picked D
ok.. lets see.. this is again a tense issue ( no pun intended) .i quote from purdue's website
Present Perfect is used for the following
1. With verbs of state that begin in the past and lead up to and include
example 1: he has lived here for many years
2. To express habitual or continued action
example 2 : He has worn glasses all his life.
3. With events occuring at an indefinited or unspecified time in the past --
with ever, never, before
example 3 : Have you ever been to Tokyo before?
See ,the context of the sentence is that... the situation NOW is still the same.. look at example 1 and compare.. i hope this issue will be clear.
Out of C and D, C should be the answer. One other thing that might be useful . In D, the present perfect progressive "has been" is used. Now , this tense is used only to express duration of an action that began in the past, has continued into the present, and may continue into the future.
Now that is a problem . because the author is really only talking about the past and the situation NOW... there is no hint of future... So "has been" is incorrect usage here.
Hope this helps