Where once the union had acquiesced to the prejudices of its : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Where once the union had acquiesced to the prejudices of its

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Joined: 31 Dec 1969
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Where once the union had acquiesced to the prejudices of its [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2004, 11:24
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Where once the union had acquiesced to the prejudices of its English-speaking members by supporting the imposition of an alien tax on immigrant workers, after 1897 the United Mine Workers made a determined effort to enlist Italians and Slavs in its ranks.
(A) Where once the union had acquiesced to the prejudices of its English-speaking members by supporting
(B) Where once the union acquiesced to it English-speaking membersâ€™ prejudice for the support of
(C) While once the union had acquiesced to the prejudices of its English-speaking members in support of
(D) While once the union acquiesced to its English-speaking membersâ€™ prejudice in supporting
(E) While once the union had acquiesced to the prejudices of its English-speaking members in its supporting of

2.
Violence in the stands at soccer matches has gotten so pronounced in several European countries that some stadiums have adopted new rules that aim to identify fans of visiting teams and that seat them in a separate area.
(A) to identify fans of visiting teams and that seat them
(B) to identify fans of visiting teams and seat them
(C) to identify fans of visiting teams for seating
(D) at identifying fans of visiting teams so as to seat them
(E) at identifying fans of visiting teams and that seat them

3.Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of prime minister, the status of women in Pakistan is little changed from how it was in the last century.
(A) is little changed from how it was
(B) is a little change from how it was
(C) has changed little
(D) has changed little from how it has been
(E) is little changed from the way it was

1. A 2. B 3.C
My concerns:
1. Isnt "while" more appropriate or, there is issue between " by supporting" and " in support of"?

2. I always read that correct idiom is "aim at ".. so shoudnt the answer be D?

3. This really baffles me.. how can there be "has " when referring to last century. I picked D.
If you have any questions
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17 Jun 2004, 12:51
"while" means "at the same time". Sentence 1 does not mean that two activities were done at the same time. "where once" means that something "used to be done" in a certain way has now changed.

"aim at" means "pointing" at something like aiming a gun at someone
"aim to" means "in the objective/goal of". The project aims to improve the dam.

3- all the other choices besides C are redundant. "change" means that something is different from the way it was. Hence, "changed from how it was" or any variation thereof is redundant
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Paul

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17 Jun 2004, 13:38
Thanks paul for your explanations.. but Iam not saitisfied with ur explanation for 3rd question.
It says, "has changed little in last century".. That means , the century which has gone. The sentence is talking about elevation of woman as prime minister which didnt change the status of women.. it wud have been ok if sentence said, has changed little in this century..
Plz throw some light.
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17 Jun 2004, 22:43
Quote:
3.Despite the recent election of a woman to the office of prime minister, the status of women in Pakistan is little changed from how it was in the last century.

(A) is little changed from how it was
(B) is a little change from how it was
(C) has changed little
(D) has changed little from how it has been
(E) is little changed from the way it was

3. This really baffles me.. how can there be "has " when referring to last century. I picked D

ok.. lets see.. this is again a tense issue ( no pun intended) .i quote from purdue's website

Present Perfect is used for the following
1. With verbs of state that begin in the past and lead up to and include
the present
example 1: he has lived here for many years
2. To express habitual or continued action
example 2 : He has worn glasses all his life.
3. With events occuring at an indefinited or unspecified time in the past --
with ever, never, before
example 3 : Have you ever been to Tokyo before?

See ,the context of the sentence is that... the situation NOW is still the same.. look at example 1 and compare.. i hope this issue will be clear.
Out of C and D, C should be the answer. One other thing that might be useful . In D, the present perfect progressive "has been" is used. Now , this tense is used only to express duration of an action that began in the past, has continued into the present, and may continue into the future.
Now that is a problem . because the author is really only talking about the past and the situation NOW... there is no hint of future... So "has been" is incorrect usage here.

Hope this helps
Praet
Re: Three SC's   [#permalink] 17 Jun 2004, 22:43
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