Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the

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Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2009, 08:57
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Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder.

A. Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder.
B. Unlike the slow process of heat transfer between the ocean and the atmosphere when the ocean is colder than the air, heat transfers more rapidly when the ocean is warmer.
C. The transfer of heat between the ocean and the atmosphere is slow when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapid when the ocean is warmer.
D. Transferring heat between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs slowly when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapidly when it is warmer.
E. When the ocean is colder than the atmosphere, heat transferred between them occurs slowly, unlike the more rapid transfer occurring when the ocean is warmer.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2009, 09:10
comparison issue

imo, its A
B is also good but not parallel

added two tags--modifier issues -I missed completely

mikeCoolBoy wrote:
Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder.

A. Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it(heat) is slow when the ocean is colder.
B. Unlike the slow process of heat transfer between the ocean and the atmosphere when the ocean is colder than the air, heat transfers more rapidly when the ocean is warmer.
C. The transfer of heat between the ocean and the atmosphere is slow when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapid when the ocean is warmer.
D. Transferring heat between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs slowly when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapidly when it is warmer.
E. When the ocean is colder than the atmosphere, heat transferred between them occurs slowly, unlike the more rapid transfer occurring when the ocean is warmer.

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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2009, 09:20
IMO C

well i am very bad at sc but i will to make an honest attempt....

my first logic is more is used in Original s/c as an adj and hence cannot modify an adverb(rapidly)..hence all choices with more rapidly is wrong..that eliminates A,B and D
left is C and E .
in E there is a comparison error

hence C....

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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2009, 11:30
Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder.

A. Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder.
B. Unlike the slow process of heat transfer between the ocean and the atmosphere when the ocean is colder than the air, heat transfers more rapidly when the ocean is warmer.
C. The transfer of heat between the ocean and the atmosphere is slow when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapid when the ocean is warmer.
D. Transferring heat between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs slowly when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapidly when it is warmer.
E. When the ocean is colder than the atmosphere, heat transferred between them occurs slowly, unlike the more rapid transfer occurring when the ocean is warmer.

A- Transferred - Past Tense, it is slow- Present Tense. Hence not parallel
B- "Unlike the slow process......, the rapid process...." not mentioned. Hence again not parallel
D- Last part of the sentence "...more rapidly when it is warmer", here we do not know "it" refers to air or water
E- "When" does not refer to any time- awkward and wordy. Also not parallel. Slowly/ rapidly is mentioned as slowly/ more rapid

C- is the correct answer. Simple tense, is parallel and not wordy
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2009, 11:42
A. Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder.
HEAT TRANSFERRED is used as if its the amount of HEAT TRANSFERRED which occurs
more rapidly while its the RATE of heta transferred which is under question
IT is way too far from the initended referrant HEAT TRANF.
OUT
B. Unlike the slow process of heat transfer between the ocean and the atmosphere when the ocean is colder than the air, heat transfers more rapidly when the ocean is warmer.
"(Unlike the slow......atmsphere) when x" SHOULD HAVE BEEN "(Unlike the slow......atmsphere) which takes place when x"
SLOW PROCESS is being pitted against HEAT TRANSFERS....OUT

C. The transfer of heat between the ocean and the atmosphere is slow when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapid when the ocean is warmer.
PRECISE AND CORRECT
D. Transferring heat between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs slowly when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapidly when it is warmer.
TRANSFERRING HEAT is not idiomatic,TRANSFER OF HEAT is
IT is ambiguous..OUT
E. When the ocean is colder than the atmosphere, heat transferred between them occurs slowly, unlike the more rapid transfer occurring when the ocean is warmer.
HEAT TRANSFERRED shoould have been TRANSFER OF HEAT
THEM is ambiguous
OVERALL structure lacks paralellsim..OUT
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2009, 12:12
thephoenix wrote:
IMO C

well i am very bad at sc but i will to make an honest attempt....

my first logic is more is used in Original s/c as an adj and hence cannot modify an adverb(rapidly)..hence all choices with more rapidly is wrong..that eliminates A,B and D
left is C and E .
in E there is a comparison error

hence C....

i luv to learn from my mistake

can you elaborate? Do you mean that you cannot use more with rapidly?
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2009, 12:17
ramgmat wrote:
A- Transferred - Past Tense, it is slow- Present Tense. Hence not parallel

transferred is not a verb here so you're reasoning is not correct.

ramgmat wrote:
B- "Unlike the slow process......, the rapid process...." not mentioned. Hence again not parallel

rather than parallelism is a comparison error

ramgmat wrote:
D- Last part of the sentence "...more rapidly when it is warmer", here we do not know "it" refers to air or water

good point

ramgmat wrote:
E- "When" does not refer to any time- awkward and wordy. Also not parallel. Slowly/ rapidly is mentioned as slowly/ more rapid

Can you elaborate? Does "when" have a time reference in the correct option C?
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2009, 12:25
sasen wrote:
A. Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder.
HEAT TRANSFERRED is used as if its the amount of HEAT TRANSFERRED which occurs
more rapidly while its the RATE of heta transferred which is under question
IT is way too far from the initended referrant HEAT TRANF.
OUT

Actually IT refers to heat transferred. But you pinpointed the problem with that.

sasen wrote:
B. Unlike the slow process of heat transfer between the ocean and the atmosphere when the ocean is colder than the air, heat transfers more rapidly when the ocean is warmer.
"(Unlike the slow......atmsphere) when x" SHOULD HAVE BEEN "(Unlike the slow......atmsphere) which takes place when x"
SLOW PROCESS is being pitted against HEAT TRANSFERS....OUT

well done

sasen wrote:
D. Transferring heat between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs slowly when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapidly when it is warmer.
TRANSFERRING HEAT is not idiomatic,TRANSFER OF HEAT is
IT is ambiguous..OUT

I think you mean that in THIS CONTEXT transferring heat is not correct. You can use transferring heat correctly
[/quote]

Quote:
C. The transfer of heat between the ocean and the atmosphere is slow when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapid when the ocean is warmer.
PRECISE AND CORRECT

yes
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2009, 17:11
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mikeCoolBoy wrote:
Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder.

A. Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder.
B. Unlike the slow process of heat transfer between the ocean and the atmosphere when the ocean is colder than the air, heat transfers more rapidly when the ocean is warmer.
C. The transfer of heat between the ocean and the atmosphere is slow when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapid when the ocean is warmer.
D. Transferring heat between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs slowly when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapidly when it is warmer.
E. When the ocean is colder than the atmosphere, heat transferred between them occurs slowly, unlike the more rapid transfer occurring when the ocean is warmer.

C IMO.

A. Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder.

"it" appears to refer to the air when "it" should refer to "heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere".

B. Unlike the slow process of heat transfer between the ocean and the atmosphere when the ocean is colder than the air, heat transfers more rapidly when the ocean is warmer.

I feel like the part after the comma should be something more like ", when the ocean is warmer the process of heat transfer occurs more rapidly."

C. The transfer of heat between the ocean and the atmosphere is slow when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapid when the ocean is warmer.

Seems perfect to me.

D. Transferring heat between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs slowly when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapidly when it is warmer.

"it" appears to refer to air instead of ocean.

E. When the ocean is colder than the atmosphere, heat transferred between them occurs slowly, unlike the more rapid transfer occurring when the ocean is warmer.

"them" doesn't seem correct.
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2009, 20:15
mikeCoolBoy wrote:
thephoenix wrote:
IMO C

well i am very bad at sc but i will to make an honest attempt....

my first logic is more is used in Original s/c as an adj and hence cannot modify an adverb(rapidly)..hence all choices with more rapidly is wrong..that eliminates A,B and D
left is C and E .
in E there is a comparison error

hence C....

i luv to learn from my mistake

can you elaborate? Do you mean that you cannot use more with rapidly?

as per rule an adj can never modify an adverb , it can only modify a noun
hence more being a noun modifier is correctly modifying rapid a noun in C and E
while in E there is a comparison error....
therefore C is the best
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2009, 21:14
thephoenix wrote:
as per rule an adj can never modify an adverb , it can only modify a noun
hence more being a noun modifier is correctly modifying rapid a noun in C and E
while in E there is a comparison error....
therefore C is the best

I think that more can be an adjective or an adverb, so you can write I run more quickly than my brother and it is fine.
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2009, 21:23
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shanewyatt wrote:
A. Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder.

I think in this sentence it refers to the heat transferred ....
When you have a parallel structure such as Whereas X, Y, While X,Y, Because X,Y, etc if there is a pronoun at the beginning of Y refers to the subject of X, as long as both agree in number and gender.

If you remove the modifiers from the sentence

Whereas heat occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder

The main problem is that it is not heat what occurs more rapidly or is slow but rather the transfer of the heat. You can eliminate options A and E based on this.
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2010, 10:00
Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder.

A. Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder.
B. Unlike the slow process of heat transfer between the ocean and the atmosphere when the ocean is colder than the air, heat transfers more rapidly when the ocean is warmer. bad comparison, slow process is compared to heat transferrs
C. The transfer of heat between the ocean and the atmosphere is slow when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapid when the ocean is warmer.Good
D. Transferring heat between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs slowly when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapidly when it is warmer.
E. When the ocean is colder than the atmosphere, heat transferred between them occurs slowly, unlike the more rapid transfer occurring when the ocean is warmer. bad comparison
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2010, 10:43
I choose C.
lack of parallelism in B
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2011, 21:19
shanewyatt wrote:
mikeCoolBoy wrote:
Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder.

A. Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder.
B. Unlike the slow process of heat transfer between the ocean and the atmosphere when the ocean is colder than the air, heat transfers more rapidly when the ocean is warmer.
C. The transfer of heat between the ocean and the atmosphere is slow when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapid when the ocean is warmer.
D. Transferring heat between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs slowly when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapidly when it is warmer.
E. When the ocean is colder than the atmosphere, heat transferred between them occurs slowly, unlike the more rapid transfer occurring when the ocean is warmer.

C IMO.

A. Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs more rapidly when the ocean is warmer than the air, it is slow when the ocean is colder.

"it" appears to refer to the air when "it" should refer to "heat transferred between the ocean and the atmosphere".

B. Unlike the slow process of heat transfer between the ocean and the atmosphere when the ocean is colder than the air, heat transfers more rapidly when the ocean is warmer.

I feel like the part after the comma should be something more like ", when the ocean is warmer the process of heat transfer occurs more rapidly."

C. The transfer of heat between the ocean and the atmosphere is slow when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapid when the ocean is warmer.

Seems perfect to me.

D. Transferring heat between the ocean and the atmosphere occurs slowly when the ocean is colder than the air and more rapidly when it is warmer.

"it" appears to refer to air instead of ocean.

E. When the ocean is colder than the atmosphere, heat transferred between them occurs slowly, unlike the more rapid transfer occurring when the ocean is warmer.

"them" doesn't seem correct.

Well explained.
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2011, 22:58
C...clear and crisp...
but i have a doubt.....is "more rapid" redundant??
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2011, 10:34
+1 for C because:
In this question the subject is the transfer of heat and which is very well explained in C and secondly it is concise as well
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2011, 18:30
C -- clear, cogent and concise.
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2011, 19:03
I am going with C. Like a cruise missile, it's bang on target!
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2011, 05:22
I will choose C because its parallel and concise
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Re: Whereas heat transferred between the ocean and the   [#permalink] 20 Oct 2011, 05:22

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