Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with the discovery : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with the discovery

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Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with the discovery [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2013, 23:11
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87% (01:55) correct 13% (01:55) wrong based on 46 sessions

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Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with the discovery of new truths and makes few, if any, attempts to discern the best options between their potential uses, applied science involves the application of existing truths to concrete problems.

A.best options between their potential uses
B. best options between its potential uses
C. best of the options among their potential uses
D. best options among its potential uses
E. best options among their potential uses

[Reveal] Spoiler:
need to understand whether 'its' is correct or 'their' is correct

OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA: E seems wrong D should be the correct ans clear from below discussion

Last edited by focus2k13 on 07 Apr 2013, 07:33, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2013, 05:53
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The sentence when paraphrased with the eligible referents of the pronoun will be as follows.
Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with the discovery of new truths and makes few, if any, attempts to discern the best options among( their) the new truths’ potential uses, applied science involves the application of existing truths to concrete problems.
Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with the discovery of new truths and makes few, if any, attempts to discern the best options among (its) the pure science’s potential uses, applied science involves the application of existing truths to concrete problems.

It might be remembered that that is a contrasting comparison and the word ‘whereas’ is the comparison marker. Now, the question is as to what are being compared? Is the comparison between pure science and applied science or is it the manner in which the pure science is concerned with something and the way in which applied science is involved in something? Or is trying to compare new truths with existing truths? It is as crystal clear that this is subjective case comparison and that of all the choices, the comparison between new truths and the existing truths is the least possibility. IMHO, the comparison falls between pure science and applied science . The central core of the passage is about pure science’s discovery and not the pure science’s potential uses. Good or bad. I hope one can get the large picture from this.
But more worrisome is the undue reliance on a factor of pronoun ambiguity in this thread, which GMAT deems rather not critical.
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Re: Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2013, 23:30
Subject is pure science, a singular. So the relevant pronoun is its. Ans must be D
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Re: Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2013, 00:15
my take wud be E

the fact is that we need to use "among" ------> i presume using this fact u must have eliminated A and B

now by logic it sud be E and not D ----->reasoning: here their is referring to "new truths" so we need a plural thing !!
also if u see the second clause----> "applied science involves the application of existing truths to concrete problems"------>the logic is if in the second clause the "the involvement of the application of the existing truth is done" then in the previous clause "the discerning of new truths" sud be used !!

make sense ?
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Re: Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2013, 01:21
Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with the discovery of new truths and makes few, if any, attempts to discern the best options between their potential uses, applied science involves the application of existing truths to concrete problems.

A. best options between their potential uses
B. best options between its potential uses
C. best of the options among their potential uses
D. best options among its potential uses
E. best options among their potential uses

When we are talking about "potential uses", we need to use "among". "Between" can be used for 2 items only. Options A and B are out.

By narrowing down the sentence, we get the structure as " ... pure science makes few attempts to discern the best options among its/their potential uses ...". Clearly, subject is "pure science" which is singular. So "their" is incorrect here. Options A, C, and E are out.

Option D is correct.

Note: The sentence disguises the subject of "potential uses" by creating distance. But, when "something" makes attempts, this "something" must be singular, and this indicates the subject "something" (subject of "potential uses") to be singular.
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Re: Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2013, 01:43
now by logic it sud be E and not D ----->reasoning: here their is referring to "new truths" so we need a plural thing !!
also if u see the second clause----> "applied science involves the application of existing truths to concrete problems"------>the logic is if in the second clause the "the involvement of the application of the existing truth is done" then in the previous clause "the discerning of new truths" sud be used !!

make sense ?

If we use "new truths" as subject for potential uses, the sentence construction would be as follows:

Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with the discovery of new truths and new truths makes few, if any, attempts to discern the best options between their potential uses, applied science involves the application of existing truths to concrete problems.

This construction of the sentence is grammatically incorrect and does not make sense.
Firstly, "new truths" is plural and "makes" needs singular subject -- Subject-Verb disagreement.
Secondly, Truths cannot make attempts to do something -- this does not make sense.
Thirdly, both "pure science" and "applied science" are the subjects and both are singular. There is no way to see how "new truths" can be subject in the first part of the sentence.
Lastly, even if new truths were to make attempt to discern the best options, presence of "and (new truths) makes few, if any, attempts to discern the best options between their potential uses" in the sentence does not make any sense. This is because aim of the sentence is to compare between pure science and applied science.
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Re: Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2013, 06:17
After reading daagh's last post, now I feel that it makes more sense to construct the sentence as "pure science makes few attempts to discern the best options among the new truths’ potential uses".
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Re: Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2013, 06:25
Quote:
Daagh wrote :Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with the discovery of new truths and makes few, if any, attempts to discern the best options among (its) the pure science’s potential uses, applied science involves the application of existing truths to concrete problems.

there is a problem in this interpretation .although this question is about comparison but parallelism of thought process does get disturbed by this interpretation .the second clause talks about---> applied science involves the application of existing truths so logical parallelism demands that in the first clause we sud have something like this ----> pure science attempts to discern the best options among new truth's potential uses
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Re: Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2013, 09:36
I was commenting upon the comparison. Parallelism wise, even E is unparallel, since the first arm is passive, while the second arm is active. But then they are not underlined. So we need to bother little about it just now. With this kind of excessive details, it can be blamed of out-of-scope analysis and too much mechanical jargoning. This is no way to solve a question on the d-day.
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Re: Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2013, 07:31
So we do agree that D should be correct.
Its a gmat club question and they have given E as the ans. I was shocked!!
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Re: Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2013, 08:33
quote="focus2k13"]So we do agree that D should be correct.
Its a gmat club question and they have given E as the ans. I was shocked!![/quote]

I believe its a bad question and we should rather not study such questions. IMHO, I would refrain myself studying verbal from unofficial sources

Thanks
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Re: Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with the discovery [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2014, 08:57
focus2k13 wrote:
Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with the discovery of new truths and makes few, if any, attempts to discern the best options between their potential uses, applied science involves the application of existing truths to concrete problems.

A.best options between their potential uses
B. best options between its potential uses
C. best of the options among their potential uses
D. best options among its potential uses
E. best options among their potential uses

[Reveal] Spoiler:
need to understand whether 'its' is correct or 'their' is correct

OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA: E seems wrong D should be the correct ans clear from below discussion

I also think that the answer should be D for the reasons given above. Let's try to change it ok?

Cheers
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Re: Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with the discovery [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2014, 10:25
Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with the discovery of new truths and makes few, if any, attempts to discern the best options between their potential uses, applied science involves the application of existing truths to concrete problems.

IMO....incorrect portions are highlighted....

A.best optionsbetweentheir potential uses
B. best optionsbetweenits potential uses
C. best of the options among their potential uses
D. best options among its potential uses....CORRECT
E. best options amongtheir potential uses

Re: Whereas pure science is mainly concerned with the discovery   [#permalink] 01 Feb 2014, 10:25
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