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# Which of the following best completes the passage below?

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Which of the following best completes the passage below? [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2010, 07:23
6
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Which of the following best completes the passage below?
When the products of several competing suppliers are perceived by consumers to be essentially the same,
classical economics predicts that price competition will reduce prices to the same minimal levels and all
suppliers’ profits to the same minimal levels. Therefore, if classical economics is true, and given suppliers’
desire to make as much profit as possible, it should be expected that .
(A) in a crowded market widely differing prices will be charged for products that are essentially the same as
each other
(B) as a market becomes less crowded as suppliers leave, the profits of the remaining suppliers will tend to
decrease
(C) each supplier in a crowded market will try to convince consumers that its product differs significantly from
its competitors’ products.
(D) when consumers are unable to distinguish the products in a crowded market, consumers will judge that
the higher-priced products are of higher quality
(E) suppliers in crowded markets will have more incentive to reduce prices and thus increase sales than to
introduce innovations that would distinguish their product from their competitors’ products
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by mojorising800 on 20 Jan 2010, 10:33, edited 1 time in total.
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20 Jan 2010, 09:37
IMO C
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20 Jan 2010, 09:39
is it E?
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20 Jan 2010, 10:23
Its C , its the only way the supplier can make profits
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20 Jan 2010, 16:01
1
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Its C..... when classic economic fails...... home grown marketing rules!
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29 Jun 2010, 17:30
I go for C
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03 Jul 2010, 16:37
C it is.
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06 Nov 2011, 00:44
Don't you think that this sentence is flowed from SC view?

if classical economics is true, and given suppliers’ desire to make as much profit as possible, it SHOULD be expected that ...

i think Manhattan says that we have to avoid use SHOULD anywhere in IF sentences.
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Re: Which of the following best completes the passage below? [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2011, 07:08
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Re: Which of the following best completes the passage below? [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2013, 17:20
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mojorising800 wrote:
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
When the products of several competing suppliers are perceived by consumers to be essentially the same,
classical economics predicts that price competition will reduce prices to the same minimal levels and all
suppliers’ profits to the same minimal levels. Therefore, if classical economics is true, and given suppliers’
desire to make as much profit as possible, it should be expected that .
(A) in a crowded market widely differing prices will be charged for products that are essentially the same as
each other
(B) as a market becomes less crowded as suppliers leave, the profits of the remaining suppliers will tend to
decrease
(C) each supplier in a crowded market will try to convince consumers that its product differs significantly from
its competitors’ products.
(D) when consumers are unable to distinguish the products in a crowded market, consumers will judge that
the higher-priced products are of higher quality
(E) suppliers in crowded markets will have more incentive to reduce prices and thus increase sales than to
introduce innovations that would distinguish their product from their competitors’ products

Good one;
Reading the passage ; discussion about the classic theory and product cost. When you carefully read the passage you will find the that the customers are perceiving the products to be the same; which gives you a hint of what the correct option might based on. Then while scrolling through the options C, D, E seems to be the answers. But wait, E discuss about innovation; D discusses about the product quality both of which are out of scope. Remaining is C, But wait, as A also seems correct which states about the different price tags at lower levels ? But if you remember the first point that the consumer perceived the products same. So what going to make them convinced to buy something which is perceived as same. Yes if they are convinced that the product they are purchasing is different. Hence and-C
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Re: Which of the following best completes the passage below? [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2014, 02:44
“…….When the products of several competing suppliers are perceived by consumers to be essentially the same”, when customers are already perceived that all the products are same, then in C answer choice how come customers will be convinced that that product differs from other product slightly.

I am not very much convinced from C answer choice, could someone please explain this and also why A is wrong?
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Re: Which of the following best completes the passage below? [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2014, 10:34
1
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FACT- When the products of several competing suppliers are perceived by consumers to be essentially the same,classical economics predicts that price competition will reduce prices to the same minimal levels and all suppliers’ profits to the same minimal levels.
CONCLUSION- if classical economics is true, and given suppliers’ desire to make as much profit as possible, it should be expected that----THEY WOULD NOT LIKE TO BE BRANDED AND WOULD THEREFORE TRY TO POSE DIFFERENTLY.........

(C) each supplier in a crowded market will try to convince consumers that its product differs significantly from its competitors’ products. CORRECT....
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Re: Which of the following best completes the passage below? [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2014, 10:49
1
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1904praveen wrote:
“…….When the products of several competing suppliers are perceived by consumers to be essentially the same”, when customers are already perceived that all the products are same, then in C answer choice how come customers will be convinced that that product differs from other product slightly.

I am not very much convinced from C answer choice, could someone please explain this and also why A is wrong?

Hi 1904praveen

I would like to compare choices C and A below and I hope it would answer your questions.

(A) in a crowded market widely differing prices will be charged for products that are essentially the same as
each otherEven though widely differing prices are initially charged for products that are essentially same as each other, according to classical economics prediction, due to competition, prices will be later reduced and profits will be lowered to minimal levels.
(C) each supplier in a crowded market will try to convince consumers that its product differs significantly from
its competitors’ products.Now if the suppliers are able to convince the consumers enough that their product is significantly different in the market, then the competition may not force them to lower their prices but rather allow them to maximize the profits.

Do you agree with me?
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Re: Which of the following best completes the passage below? [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2014, 03:58
cssk wrote:
1904praveen wrote:
“…….When the products of several competing suppliers are perceived by consumers to be essentially the same”, when customers are already perceived that all the products are same, then in C answer choice how come customers will be convinced that that product differs from other product slightly.

I am not very much convinced from C answer choice, could someone please explain this and also why A is wrong?

Hi 1904praveen

I would like to compare choices C and A below and I hope it would answer your questions.

(A) in a crowded market widely differing prices will be charged for products that are essentially the same as
each otherEven though widely differing prices are initially charged for products that are essentially same as each other, according to classical economics prediction, due to competition, prices will be later reduced and profits will be lowered to minimal levels.
(C) each supplier in a crowded market will try to convince consumers that its product differs significantly from
its competitors’ products.Now if the suppliers are able to convince the consumers enough that their product is significantly different in the market, then the competition may not force them to lower their prices but rather allow them to maximize the profits.

Do you agree with me?

Hi cssk,

I hope your explanation helped me. Thanks a lot.
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29 Jan 2014, 13:48
Which of the following best completes the passage below?

When the products of several competing suppliers are perceived by consumers to be essentially the same,
classical economics predicts that price competition will reduce prices to the same minimal levels and all
suppliers' profits to the same minimal levels. Therefore, if classical economics is true, and given
suppliers' desire to make as much profit as possible, it should be expected that
(A) in a crowded market widely differing prices will be charged for products that are essentially the same as each other
(B) as a market becomes less crowded as suppliers leave, the profits of the remaining suppliers will tend to decrease
(C) each supplier in a crowded market will try to convince consumers that its product differs significantly from its competitors' products.
(D) when consumers are unable to distinguish the products in a crowded market, consumers will judge that the higher-priced products are of higher quality
(E) suppliers in crowded markets will have more incentive to reduce prices and thus increase sales than to introduce innovations that would distinguish their product from their competitors

Hello!

I was able to pre think and arrived at choice C as the answer. "If supplier wants to make profit, It should be expected that ___ (supplier should take some action) and since consumers think of all products as same the action would be to convince them about products unique features

can you tell me if (B) was reworded as:

as a market becomes less crowded as suppliers leave, the profits of the remaining suppliers will tend to increase

will this be correct inference?
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Re: OG 13 CR #38 [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2014, 13:51
paranoidvik wrote:
Which of the following best completes the passage below?

When the products of several competing suppliers are perceived by consumers to be essentially the same,
classical economics predicts that price competition will reduce prices to the same minimal levels and all
suppliers' profits to the same minimal levels. Therefore, if classical economics is true, and given
suppliers' desire to make as much profit as possible, it should be expected that
(A) in a crowded market widely differing prices will be charged for products that are essentially the same as each other
(B) as a market becomes less crowded as suppliers leave, the profits of the remaining suppliers will tend to decrease
(C) each supplier in a crowded market will try to convince consumers that its product differs significantly from its competitors' products.
(D) when consumers are unable to distinguish the products in a crowded market, consumers will judge that the higher-priced products are of higher quality
(E) suppliers in crowded markets will have more incentive to reduce prices and thus increase sales than to introduce innovations that would distinguish their product from their competitors

Hello!

I was able to pre think and arrived at choice C as the answer. "If supplier wants to make profit, It should be expected that ___ (supplier should take some action) and since consumers think of all products as same the action would be to convince them about products unique features

can you tell me if (B) was reworded as:

as a market becomes less crowded as suppliers leave, the profits of the remaining suppliers will tend to increase

will this be correct inference?

Also, why choice D is incorrect?
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Re: OG 13 CR #38 [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2014, 14:00
See the last line of argument.. some action is expected from suppliers to maximize their profits , while Choice D Deals with perception of the products by consumers, which is insignificant here.

Even if consumers start to think that a product is of higher quality, it doesn't mean that it will help suppliers maximize its profits.

Hope that makes sense to you.

Regards
Dj.

paranoidvik wrote:
paranoidvik wrote:
Which of the following best completes the passage below?

When the products of several competing suppliers are perceived by consumers to be essentially the same,
classical economics predicts that price competition will reduce prices to the same minimal levels and all
suppliers' profits to the same minimal levels. Therefore, if classical economics is true, and given
suppliers' desire to make as much profit as possible, it should be expected that
(A) in a crowded market widely differing prices will be charged for products that are essentially the same as each other
(B) as a market becomes less crowded as suppliers leave, the profits of the remaining suppliers will tend to decrease
(C) each supplier in a crowded market will try to convince consumers that its product differs significantly from its competitors' products.
(D) when consumers are unable to distinguish the products in a crowded market, consumers will judge that the higher-priced products are of higher quality
(E) suppliers in crowded markets will have more incentive to reduce prices and thus increase sales than to introduce innovations that would distinguish their product from their competitors

Hello!

I was able to pre think and arrived at choice C as the answer. "If supplier wants to make profit, It should be expected that ___ (supplier should take some action) and since consumers think of all products as same the action would be to convince them about products unique features

can you tell me if (B) was reworded as:

as a market becomes less crowded as suppliers leave, the profits of the remaining suppliers will tend to increase

will this be correct inference?

Also, why choice D is incorrect?
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Re: Which of the following best completes the passage below? [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2014, 06:06
Merged similar topic

regards
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Which of the following best completes the passage below? [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2015, 08:22
Took me 2 minutes to solve this one. Used prethinking - what companies in the same situatuation can do to make more \$
- cut costs
- advertisement (differentiate own products, so that they are not perceived from the customer as the same Samsung not= Sony )

--> Bingo: C hasone of my arguments...
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Re: Which of the following best completes the passage below? [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2015, 00:48
This question is awesome
----------------------------------------------------------------
Sometimes, pre-thinking works and sometimes people get confused between choices. What happened to me was I got confused between C and E.

Now, one clue (and that is the best hint in CR inference type qns) is: When customers perceive all the products to be same they choose the lowest priced one.

C ---> If suppliers promote their "unique" features ---> Compelling customers to notice the product ---> into buying the product ---> More sales ---> More Profit

E ---> nothing new in product ---> Can be ignored by customers ---> Profit - (increase) plan fails.

So Ans: C

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Re: Which of the following best completes the passage below?   [#permalink] 05 Aug 2015, 00:48

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